Fire Support Vehicle (FSV)
1. General description of operational capability.
a. Mission Area.
b. Operational and Organizational Concept. The MAV FSV will provide automation enhanced surveillance, target acquisition, target identification, target designation, and communications to support the IBCT with "first round" fire for effect capability. It will integrate the current Striker Mission Equipment Package (MEP) onto the MAV platform and support company level maneuver forces. The MAV FSV must provide the company Fire Support Team (FIST) with the capability to automate command and control functions required to perform fire support planning, directing, controlling and cross-functional area coordination, and execution. The sensor capabilities must be configured for mounted and dismounted operations. The system must provide the equivalent mobility, survivability, maneuverability, speed, and comparable physical signature as the Infantry and Recce units it supports.
3. Shortcomings of Existing Systems.
4. Capabilities Required.
a. System Performance.
(1) The MAV FSV is based on the ICV variant.
Rationale: The FSV is based on the ICV due to the close parallels of operational requirements between the two vehicles. The FSV is an organic vehicle to the ICV maneuver formation and helps maximize commonality of the platform while simultaneously reducing the maintenance footprint and variety of logistics support.
(2) The MAV FSV must integrate the existing M707 Striker FSV Mission Equipment Package [utilizing the AN/TVQ-2 Ground/ Vehicle Laser Locator Designator (G/VLLD) as the primary mounted optical sensor] with itís current functionality and accuracies on the ICV as the threshold requirement for initial fielding.
Rationale: The AN/TVQ-2 G/VLLD provides the capability to observe, track, identify and designate targets. It incorporates a clear optic, Laser Range Finder, Laser Designator, and a FLIR imaging sensor. The G/VLLD is integrated as the primary optical sensor within the MEP. The Mission Equipment Package encompasses the sensor suite, C4I suite, and associated equipment required for the fire support team to accomplish fire planning, coordination, and mission execution.
(a) The FS MAV requires the ability to operate on four communication nets simultaneously within the FBCB2 environment.
Rationale: Four combat radio nets (Co Cmd, Mortar Plt, FECC, Fires 1-4) allow secure voice and digital communications with, Initial Fire Support Automation System (IFSAS) or Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS), the maneuver command communications, and other fire support assets. FBCB2 is required for situation awareness and maneuver force communications in distributed operations and on the non-linear battlespace.
(b) A Vehicular Intercom System (VIS) that enables communication on each of the four combat radio nets from each crew positions is required in the MAV-FSV.
Rationale: The VIS permits each of the operating stations to selectively monitor the intercommunications system and any combination of four radio receivers, while selectively transmitting on any of the radio transmitters in addition to the intercommunications system.
(c) FS MAV must be capable of hosting the hand-held terminal unit and tactical radios for transmission of digital targeting and fire support data.
Rationale: Targeting data must be passed automatically to provide timely, error-free targeting information through digital means, to include spot reports providing updated situational awareness. Digital communications is required to all fire support assets to forward targeting data to the attack platforms without causing the platform operators to transcribe information and to allow for the automated processing of target, clearance, and firing data. The capability to communicate with all joint fire support assets allows the full utilization of the attack capabilities available.
(a) The MAV FSV will transport a maneuver company and reconnaissance troop FIST HQs composed of four soldiers.
Rationale: The MAV FSV must be capable of operations with a 4-man company FIST HQs. The CO FIST requires a 4-man crew to operate as driver, observer, fire support officer, and fire support specialist. The 4-man FIST HQs allows for concurrent vehicle (2 persons required) and dismounted (2 persons required) operations.
(b) The MAV FSV must stow a Leica VIPER Binocular Laser Range Finder in a mission ready state (GPS initialized through use of externally mounted GPS antenna). The VIPER, man portable radio, and Hand-held Terminal Devise (HTU) must be capable of ground mount or dismount operations by two men.
Rationale: The capability to conduct dismounted operations is required to support dismounted infantry operations envisioned with the medium force. Dismount operations must maintain an overall system accuracy allowing first round fire for effective capability with conventional artillery.
5. Program Support.
6. Force Structure. Projected Army initial requirement is 65. This will equip 5 brigade-size units with 13 systems each.
8. Program Affordability.