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OH-6A Cayuse
AH-6J Little Bird
Defender 500

The Boeing (McDonnell Dougles) (formerly Hughes model 369) OH-6A, was designed for use as a military scout during the Vietnam war to meet the U.S. Army's need for an extremely maneuverable light observation helicopter (LOH program). The Hughes OH-6A Cayuse was quite effective when teamed with the AH-1G Cobra attack helicopter as part of what were known as "Pink Teams". The OH-6A "Loach" would find targets by flying low, "trolling" for fire, and lead in a Cobra, or "Snake", to attack. The OH-6A could be armed with the M27 armament subsystem, the M134 six-barrel 7.62mm "minigun" or the M129 40mm grenade launcher on the XM8 armament subsystem.

Army Special Operations variants

Two special operations versions of the OH-6A are the "Little Bird" AH-6C armed variant, and the MH-6B transport/utility version, which can carry up to six personnel for quick insertion and extraction missions. A previous version, the EH-6B, was used for command, control and radio relay. The MH-6 Little Bird is the only light assault helicopter in the Army inventory. It provides assault helicopter support to special operations forces and can be armed with a combination of guns and folding fin aerial rockets. It has an unrefueled range of 250 nautical miles. The AH-6 Little Bird Gun, a light attack helicopter, has been tested and proven in combat. Armed with guns, Hellfire missiles, and 2.75-inch FFAR, it provides armed helicopter support to both ground and air special operations. The unrefueled range of the AH-6 is 250 nautical miles. These versions were all powered by a single Allison T-63 252 SHP engine.

Later versions are based on the successful Boeing (McDonnell Douglas) MD-500/MD-530 series helicopters. The latest versions of these aircraft, the AH-6J attack helicopter and MH-6J insertion and extraction transport, based on the MD-530F, feature a more powerful engine and improved avionics, including an embedded GPS/inertial navigation system and forward-looking infrared (FLIR). The AH-6J can be armed with two seven-tube 2.75 inch rocket launchers and two 7.62mm M134 "miniguns". The "Little Bird" can also be armed with .50 Cal. machine guns, MK19 40mm grenade machine gun, Hellfire missiles, and Air-to-Air Stinger (ATAS) missiles.

Defender 500

This foreign military sales helicopter is offered with either a four- or five-blade main rotor, depending on the model, with a weapons platform mounted on the lower rear body. This light utility commercial helicopter could seat five passengers in comfort, and is used mainly by the military, being very flexible and offering good all round capabilities. Other missions include: direct air support, antitank, reconnaissance, observation, and light utility. A single engine is mounted inside the body with air intakes on top of the cabin and a blackhole exhaust. The fuselage is teardrop-shaped a features a round, glassed-in cockpit and landing skids. External stores are mounted on weapons racks on each side of the fuselage. Each rack has one hardpoint. The tail fin is boomerang-shaped, swept-back, and tapered. The tail flats are back-tapered with small fins attached to the tips, with the flats high-mounted on the fin forming a T. The rotor is moutned on the lower left of the tail boom.

On 12 February 1998 the Boeing Company announced its intention to sell its commercial helicopter business. Boeing built commercial helicopters -- the MD 500 Series, MD 600, and MD Explorer -- in Mesa, Ariz., where it also produces the AH-64D Apache Longbow. As of early 1998 the facility employed 5,300, of which 350 were dedicated to the production of commercial helicopters. On 25 February 1998 Bell Helicopter Textron announced a plan to acquire the Boeing MD 500 and MD 600 series product lines, However, the transaction was dis-approved by competition authorities at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in June 1998. Subsequently, on 19 January 1999 McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Co., the indirect subsidiary of The Boeing Company, and MD Helicopters Holding, Inc., an indirect subsidiary of the Dutch company RDM Holding, Inc., signed an agreement on an asset purchase of Boeing's MD 500, MD 600N and MD Explorer series of light commercial helicopter product lines. Included in the product line are the MD 500E and MD 530F single-engine helicopters with conventional tail rotors, the MD 520N and MD 600N single-engine helicopters with Boeing's exclusive NOTAR no tail rotor system for anti-torque and directional control, and the MD Explorer series of twin-engine, eight-place helicopters. RDM is a European-based industrial group with aerospace activities. The company designs and builds diesel-electric submarines and builds and repairs ships, manufactures and overhauls military vehicles, and produces defense and aerospace products, including landing gear and transmissions for aircraft and helicopters. It is a subcontractor to Boeing for landing gear and fuselage assemblies for Apache helicopters.

VARIANTS

Specifications

Variants in ( )
Country of Origin USA
Builder McDONNELL DOUGLAS
RoleASW, scout, antitank, multimission
Similar AircraftBO 105, Alouette II
Blades Main rotor: 4 or 5 (see VARIANTS)
Tail rotor: 2 or 4 (see VARIANTS)
Rotor diameter 26 ft, 4 in (8 m)
Length Length (rotors turning): 9.4 m (500), 9.8 m (530)
Length (fuselage): 7.6 m (500), 7.3 m (530)
Height 2.6 m (500), 3.4 m (530 over mast-mounted sight)
Width 1.9 m
Rotor Diameter Main Rotor Diameter: 8.0 (500), 8.3 (530)
Tail Rotor Diameter: 1.4
Cargo Compartment Dimensions Floor Length: 2.4 m
Width: 1.3 m
Height: 1.5 m
Weight Maximum Gross: 1,361 kg (500), 1,610 kg (530)
Normal Takeoff: 1,090 kg
Empty: 896 kg
Engine see VARIANTS
Fuel Internal: 240 liters
Internal Aux Tank: 80 liters
Speed Maximum (level): 241 km/h (500), 282 km/h (530)
Cruise: 221 km/h (500), 250 km/h (530)
Range Normal Load (est.): 485 km (500), km 430 (530)
Ceiling Service: 4,635 m (500), 4,875 m (530)
Hover (out of ground effect): 1,830 m (500), 3,660 m (530)
Hover (in ground effect): 2,590 m (500), 4,360 m (530)
Vertical Climb Rate 8.4 m/s (500), 10.5 m/s (530)
Standard Payload Internal load: INA
External load: 550 kg
Transports 2 or 3 troops or cargo internally, or 6 on external platforms in lieu of weapons.
Armament
  • 2 - M134 7.62-mm 6x barrel, Gatling type twin MG pods
  • 2 - M260 2.75-in Hydra 70 rocket pods (7 or 12 each)
  • 2 - .50 cal MG pods
  • 2 - M75 40-mm grenade launchers
  • 2 - MK19 40-mm grenade launcher
  • 2 - TOW missile pods (2 each)
  • 2 - Hellfire ATGM
  • 2 - Stinger AAM

    Most Probable Armament
  • MD-500MD/Scout Defender: Fitted with guns, rockets, grenade launchers, or a combination on 2x fuselage hardpoints.
  • MD-500MD/TOW Defender: Twin TOW missile pods on 2x fuselage hardpoints; mounts missile sight in lower-left front windshield.
  • Survivability
  • Some models have radar warning receivers.
  • Chaff and flare systems available.
  • Infrared signature suppressors can be mounted on engine exhausts.
  • AVIONICS
  • The MD-500 allows for the mounting of a stabilized, direct-view optical sight in the windshield. Options exist to fit a mast-mounted, multiple field of view optical sight, a target tracker, a laser rangefinder, thermal imager, a 16x FLIR for night navigation and targeting, and autopilot.
  • Optional avionics include GPS, ILS and full instrument weather conditions packages. The more advanced variants are fully capable of performing all missions under any conditions.
  • Crew 1 or 2 (pilots)
    Cost
    User CountriesAt least 22 countries -- Argentina, Bahrain, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Indonesia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, USA
  • Some 200 McDonnell Douglas 500-MD helicopters were produced under license by Korean Air between 1976 and 1984. At least fifty of these helicopters were equipped with TOW antitank weapons. The remainder were used as transports and for other support missions.
  • North Korea acquired at least 60 Defender 500 helicopters during the mid- 1980s, reportedly through US dealers.
  • OH-6A

    Defender 500

    Sources and Resources



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