Operations Billet Specialty

Surface Warfare Officers School Command

Department Head Combat Systems

Newport, Rhode Island



REV: 03/98




  1. NAVEDTRA 10185, GMG 3&2
  2. NAVSEAINST 8370.2 (Series), Small Arms and Weapons Management
  3. Policy and Guidance Manual

  4. SECNAVINST 5500.4 (Series), Missing, Lost, Stolen, or Recovered
  5. Government Property

  6. OPNAVINST 3591.1 (Series), Small Arms Training And Qualification
  7. CNSL/CNSP C8120 (Series), Nuclear Weapons Management Manual

  10. OPNAVINST 5530.13 (Series), Physical Security Instruction
  11. OPNAVINST 5530.14 (Series), Physical Security and Loss Prevention
  12. Naval Surface Weapons Center Publication, NSWC MP 83-280,
  13. Description and Installation of Shipboard Small Arms Ranges



A. 50 Caliber Browning Machine Gun

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Weight: 126 lbs.

3. Recoil operated, air cooled, belt fed, fully automatic

4. Firing rate

a. 450 to 550 rpm.

b. Short burst to extend barrel life.

5. Range:

a. Maximum: 7400 yds

b. Effective: 2000 yds

6. Qualification:

a. Familiarization fire

b. Firing personnel must be trained to perform pre/post

fire checks. (Set Timing and Head Space)

B. M-14 Rifle 7.62 MM

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Weight: 6.2 lbs

3. Air cooled, magazine fed, semi auto/auto with adjustable


4. Firing rate: Semi auto 40 rpm/Auto 150 rpm

5. Range:

a. Maximum: 4000 yds

b. Effective: 500 yds

6. Qualification:

a. 30 rds at a Reduced Silhouette target at 15 yds.

(1) 10 Rounds standing

(2) 10 Rounds sitting

(3) 10 Rounds kneeling

b. 24 of 30 rounds must be in the target.

7. Employment:

a. Anti-swimmers, long range sniper, SAT/BAF stationed high

C. .45 Caliber Pistol

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Recoil operated, semi auto, magazine fed with fixed sights.

3. Range:

a. Maximum: 1600 yds

b. Effective: 50 yds

4. Qualifications:

a. 48 rounds at 3, 7 and 15 yards at a B-21 or transition II

(24"x40" paper target).

(1) 3 yard line - 12 Rounds

(2) 7 yard line - 12 Rounds

(3) 15 yard line - 12 Rounds

(4) 15 yard line - 12 Rounds

b. 240 points max - 180 points minimum; use printed values

on target.

5. Employment:

a. Primary weapon for SAT/BAF/RF.

b. Hard to shoot - only the best shooters should be issued


D. M-870 12 Gauge Riot Gun

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Pump action, manually operated.

3. Magazine capacity 3-8 rds. (normally 4)

4. Maximum effective range - 50 yds with #00 buckshot

(Maximum range 250 yds).


a. 10 yards - 10 rounds fired at two silhouette targets,

spaced approximately 2 feet apart.

b. A minimum of 32 hits (pellets) per target.

6. Employment:

a. Used to clear brow or passageway.

b. Good defensive weapon in a tight zone.

E. M-79 Grenade Launcher

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Weight: 4 lbs

3. 40 MM single shot with automatic safety.

4. Adjustable sights:

a. Lowered, use 50 to 80 meters. (165 to 265 ft)

b. Raised, use 100 to 375 meters.

5. Range: Max 375+ meters (450 MAX) (410yds)

6. Employment:

a. Used to repel boarders, clear pier or drive off small


7. Qualification:

a. Familiarization fire (if you have a training allowance).

8. Safety:

a. Simplicity makes weapon extremely dangerous.

b. Grenades must be handled with care.

F. M-60 7.62 MM Machine Gun.

1. Ships issue: IAW NAVSEAINST 8370.2

2. Weight: 23 lbs.

3. Lightweight, air cooled, gas operated, belt fed, automatic


4. Firing rate:

a. Sustained: 100 rpm

b. Rapid: 200 rpm

5. Range:

a. Maximum: 4075 yds

b. Effective: 1200 yds

6. Qualifications:

a. Familiarization fire

b. Train personnel to fire in short bursts, sustained fire will

burn out barrel in 10 min or less.

c. Train 2 men per gun, 1 loader/1 shooter.

G. MK 38 25 MM Chaingun

1. Designated area issue (East Med, PG)

2. Electrically operated, automatic, belt fed. Train is set at 360

degrees, and elevation is set at installation. (-20 to +55)

3. Range:

a. Maximum: 6000 yds

b. Effective: 2700 yds

4. Firing rate: 175 rpm

5. Qualifications:

a. Familiarization fire

b. Firing personnel must be trained to perform pre/post

fire checks.

c. Two technicians required to be school graduates

(K-041-2236, 10 day COI).

6. Magazine Capacity: 170 rnds


H. MK 16 MOD 5 20MM Machine Gun

1. Ships issue: Auxiliaries Only: 2 - 4

2. Weight: 875 lbs. Elevation is set at -50 to +85.

3. Range:

a. Maximum: 7000 yds

b. Effective: 2000 yds

4. Firing rate: 650-800 rpm

5. Qualifications:

a. Familiarization fire

b. Firing personnel must be trained to perform pre/post fire checks.

6. This weapon system is not available on all auxiliary ship classes, and is in the process of being removed from the active inventory to be replaced by the 25mm chain gun.

I. MK 19 MOD 3 40 MM Automatic Grenade Launcher

1. Designated area issue (East Med, PG).

2. Recoil operated, belt fed, fully automatic, air


3. Range:

a. Maximum: 2212 yds

b. Effective: 1640 yds

4. Firing rate: 325-375 rpm

5. Qualification:

a. Familiarization fire

b. Firing personnel must be trained to perform pre/post checks.

c. Two technicians required to be school graduates (J-041-4001, 4 day COI).



1. Individuals receiving subcustody of small arms must obtain authorization from the Commanding Officer or his/her designated representative and sign a custody receipt listing serial number and type of item(s) received. If the receiver is unable to provide adequate physical security, he/she may check out small arms and related ammunition only as an immediate need exists and must return them to the original responsible activity when their task is completed.


K. Access to Armory

1. Must be on access list signed by CO.

2. Visitors must be approved by CO.

3. Visitors will never out number ship's company personnel.

4. Visitors entry must be logged.


L. Inventories (IAW reference B & G)

1. Annual by serial numbers using computer checklist from CRANE.

2. QUARTERLY 100% by serial numbers utilizing latest list from CRANE.

3. Monthly: 100% physical count of all small arms & weapons


    1. The following conditions require a complete inventory of all


a. Relief of CO

b. Relief of CSO/WEPS

c. At Commissioning/Decommissioning

d. Relief of Armorer

e. Daily turn over of duty GM's

6. The ship will maintain a current inventory of all AA&E onboard. Partial or open containers of ordnance will be inventoried by piece count, noted on container, then resealed or banded so that daily magazine inspections may readily detect unauthorized entry.

7. A log is required to be maintained of all inventories conducted. Information will include reason for inventory, person conducting inventory, and inventory results. Inventory records must be maintained for a minimum of 2yrs for inventories that don't reflect discrepancies. Inventory records that reflect discrepancies must be maintained for a minimum of 4yrs.(IAW OPNAVINST 5530.13A PG 6-4 PARA A.1)

8. All inventories listed in paragraphs 1 - 5 above will be conducted by serial number and by at least one commissioned officer (2nd individual may be a CPO). A sight inventory of all weapons will be conducted daily, normally by the Duty GM.

M. Methods of reporting

1. 12 o'clock reports annotated on Magazine Daily Temperature Report.


3. Computer generated inventory sheet from Crane (annually).

4. As stated above, all inventory results will be maintained in a log.

N. Missing, lost, stolen or recovered small arms/sensitive ordnance.

1. First establish when, where, and how the item was lost or stolen.

2. Inventory all remaining small arms/sensitive ordnance.

3. Generate a M-L-S-R report IAW ref. c

a. All reports sent to CNO and NAVSURFWARCENDIV CRANE IN with information reports to:







(7) ISIC (Immediate Superior in Command)

4. How to report a loss

a. Initial report - Submitted as soon as loss is established.

b. Pending report - Submitted prior to a final report. Gives information amplifying the INITIAL report.

c. Final - Submitted upon the completion of all appropriate administrative, survey and disciplinary action.

d. Supplemental - Submitted after a FINAL to give any additional or pertinent information discovered after a FINAL was sent.

    1. Qualifying personnel with Small Arms: The following is a

list of requirements.

1. Small Arms Instructor course (J-041-0148)/Shipboard Small Arms Instructor (J-041-0176) - Assists small arms instructor graduates in qualifying personnel.

a. Allows you to establish and run your own program.

b. Normally two per ship.

c. Instructor qualification is required semi-annual (afloat), quarterly (ashore). Qualifications are done on the "course of fire" and with the type of weapons that they will be instructing.

2. The hardest part of maintaining personnel qualifications is locating a place to shoot. Many naval facilities exist, as do other military ranges (i.e. National Guard, Air Force, Army, etc.). These ranges are normally hard to reserve, often requiring several weeks or months of advance notice. Many civilian operated ranges are often made available to military personnel, usually with only a phone call. Police ranges are the easiest to "make a deal" with. A resourceful GMG or Gunnery Officer can often locate these alternate facilities and establish a rapport enabling you to conduct qualification shooting. The onboard range facility available to most classes of ships should be utilized as often as possible while underway. Reference (i) lists detailed plans for all ships classes.


P. Anti-Terrorism/Physical Security Awareness Training

1. Here are some Navy courses available for personnel training. These courses are available in several locations and the CANTRAC should be consulted for more information. Many of these courses are required and are listed in the Master Training Plan.

a. Terrorism Intelligence Course K-3A-5033

b. Physical Security Planning Course K-070-9045

c. Shipboard Security Engagement Tactics K-830-2213

d. Naval Physical Security Supervisor's Course S-830-2211

2. In addition to formal schooling, anti-terrorist briefings are available from NIS. These are especially valuable for pre-deployers and units making port visits in and around CONUS.

Q. Ship's Self Defense Force Utilization

1. A Ships Self Defense Force, over and above the SAT/BAF/RF, shall be designated and trained to support your ship in various small arms scenarios. These scenarios should include anti-small boat tactics, both underway and inport, repelling boarders, and pierside anti-terrorism defense ( IAW CNSLINST 5510.3 series & CNSPACINST 5530.1 series).

2. All personnel should be well qualified on all small arms available to the ship. Frequent small arms exercises should be conducted while underway to boost morale while maintaining personnel interest in their additional duties. Training should also be extensive in weapon maintenance and first aid. As always, this training should be well documented.

3. While steaming around CONUS, underway watch standing for the SSDF should be conducted as frequently as your schedule allows. Manning several small arms weapons stations around the clock gives the ship and the SSDF a good "feel" for their capabilities. In addition, the OOD/TAO should be allowed to conduct small arms "quickdraw" exercises periodically, both day and night, to test the SSDF's ability to respond to a given action.

4. Communications with the SSDF can be maintained in a variety of ways and should all be practiced. These include sound powered phones, walkie talkies, the 1MC, and even messengers.

5. In order to maintain an effective SSDF, TRAINING IS THE KEY.

6. The following is a list of schools your personnel can attend for security force training.

a. Shipboard Physical Security Planning,(SPSP),(K-070- 9045)

b. Shipboard Security Engagement Tactics,(SSET),(K-830- 2213)

c. Shipboard Security Engagement Weapons,(SSEW),(K- 830-2223)

d. Quota control: DSN 564-4911, COMM 804-444-4911


a. AA&E Accountability Officer not designated by name and in writing by CO ( Collateral Duty list will suffice). REF OPNAV 5530.13A CHAP 6 PARA 0602F2

b. AA&E Accountability Officer not actually maintaining the ammunition ledger (i.e delegated to a chief or first class) NAVAL SPEED LTR from CNSL DATED 22JAN86

c. The required ammunition inventories are not being conducted, documented, and retained. REF OPNAV 5530.13 CHAP 11 (1113A)

d. Serial/Lot Location cards not properly annotated with actual location or combined totals do not match NIIN/NALC Master Stock Record Card Total. REF SPCCINST 8010.12 CHAP 12

e. NALC master total on hand does not match CAIMS report. REF SPCCINST 8010.12 CHAP 8

f. Ammunition containers found unsealed in ships magazine, this renders last inventory for a seal NALC invalid. REF NAVAL SPEED LTR from CNSL DATED 22JAN86

g. Ammunition ledger & record cards not afforded suitable security, access must be under strict control. REF NAVAL SPEED LTR from CNSL DATED 22JAN86

h. AA&E Accountability Officer having access to magazine keys. Such access makes it possible to remove ammo and make ledger changes without authorization or accountability. REF NAVAL SPEED LTR from CNSL DATED 22JAN86 para 3.H

i. AA&E personnel not screened and/or missing required entries in training jackets. REF OPNAV 5530.13 CHAP 3

j. Training of AA&E personnel not conducted and/or recorded in training jacket. REF OPNAV 5530.13 CHAP 2 PARA0205





APPROVED: ______________________

Mike Hegarty, LCDR, USN

Combat Systems Lead