Table of Contents


As with most works, many have had a hand (or, better said, a brain) in the preparation of this Newport Paper. Members of my "Board of Directors" helped clarify ambiguities. This Board included:

My staff also provided invaluable help, especially the more senior and experienced members:

And, finally, I acknowledge the assistance of Lieutenant John Freymann, USNR, a Navy junior and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Chicago. I suspect he deeply enjoyed giving advice to an admiral and to his father, and having them follow it. Without his writing and thinking ability, and his frequent judicious challenges, this Paper would be less readable and less intelligible.

All these people have my admiration for their patience and my deep appreciation for their assistance.

The dogmas of the quiet past, are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves, and then we shall save our country.

Abraham Lincoln,
Annual Message to Congress
December 1, 1862

If first we know where we are, and whither we are tending, we could then better judge what to do and how to do it.

Abraham Lincoln,
Republican State Convention
June 16, 1858