Joint Staff Officers Guide AFSC Pub 1 -- 1997

Joint Publications Chapter 4

and Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

(JTTP) Development Program


Joint Publications



a. It is not easy to attain the level of military professionalism required of an effective staff officer. A broad background of education and military experience is helpful; knowledge of certain documents and reporting systems is fundamental. This chapter highlights some of the documents, reports, and joint publications that are frequently used by joint staff officers. It also describes the development and documentation of joint doctrine in the Joint Publication System (JPS) and Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (JTTP) program.

b. Joint Pub 5-03.1 (Note: To be published as CJCSI 3122.01), Annex Q, (JOPES Volume I, 4 August 1993) lists references used by military staffs in joint operation planning. The list is keyed to specific functional areas within the joint staff organization. It serves as a catalog from which staff officers can select a working library of relevant publications to better understand their jobs.

c. Memorandums used to implement CJCS decisions and policy are described in Joint Administrative Instruction 5711.06M, Action Processing. That document also includes an extensive list of references on Joint Staff action processing.

(1) Chairmanís Memorandum (CM). CMs are memorandums issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in carrying out his responsibilities. They document such things as CJCS policy actions, guidance and instructions to the CINCs of combatant commands, and other things that require CJCS action. CMs are prepared for the signature of the Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(2) Memorandum issued in the name of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (MCM). MCMs are memorandums issued in the name of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and contain policy instructions or comments based on existing CJCS policy. They cover such things as OPLAN reviews and JSPS actions, and may be signed by the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Director or Vice Director of the Joint Staff, or the Secretary of the Joint Staff if the MCM concerns administrative matters only.

(3) Director, Joint Staff, Memorandum (DJSM). DJSMs deal with staff-to-staff actions such as requesting information for review or furnishing information. They can state a Joint Staff position or give Joint Staff coordination on Service or Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) actions. DJSMs are prepared for the signature of the Director or Vice Director of the Joint Staff.

(4) CJCS Memorandum of Policy (MOP). MOPs are numbered statements of policy issued in the name of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and sent to the Services, combatant commands, Joint Staff, and Defense agencies on matters involving strategic planning; contingency planning; military requirements; programs and budgets; manpower; joint doctrine, training, and education; and policies and procedures that support fulfillment of the other statutory and directed responsibilities of the CJCS. MOPs are reviewed annually and reissued, revised, or canceled when they become five years old. MOP 1 contains both numerical and subject indexes for all MOPS.

d. MOP 60, "Release Procedures for Joint Staff and Joint Papers and Information," establishes policy and procedures for release of Joint Staff and joint papers and information. Joint Staff information and papers are those originated by the Joint Staff; there is an extensive list of documents in MOP 60 that fall under its control for purposes of release.

e. Under SM-98-93 dated 15 April 1993, existing MOPs, Joint Administrative Instructions (JAIs), and directives to the combatant commands that are due for updating or revision are to be converted to the appropriate document described below:

(1) CJCS Instruction. CJCS Instructions replace all types of correspondence containing CJCS policy and guidance that does not involve the employment of forces. They are of indefinite duration and are applicable to external agencies or both the Joint Staff and external agencies. CJCS Instructions remain in place until superseded, rescinded, or otherwise canceled. They do not contain joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures as defined in Joint Pub 1-02.

(2) CJCS Notice. CJCS Notices replace all types of correspondence containing CJCS policy, guidance, and information of a one-time or brief nature applicable to external agencies or both the Joint Staff and external agencies. They contain a self-canceling provision and will not remain in effect longer than one year.

(3) Joint Staff Instruction. Joint Staff Instructions replace Joint Administrative Instructions and all other types of correspondence containing policy and guidance of indefinite duration applicable only to the Joint Staff.

(4) Joint Staff Notice. Joint Staff Notices replace all types of correspondence containing policy guidance, or information of a one-time or brief nature applicable only to the Joint Staff. They contain a self-canceling provision and will not remain in effect longer than one year.

(5) J Instruction. J Instructions contain policy and guidance of indefinite duration applicable only to the issuing Joint Staff J directorate.

(6) J Notice. J Notices contain policy, guidance, or information of a one-time or brief nature applicable only to the issuing Joint Staff J directorate. They contain a self-canceling provision and will not remain in effect longer than one year.

Joint Staff Manual 57-01.1, CJCS, Joint Staff J-Directorate Instructions, Manuals, and Notices Formats and Procedures, dated 28 February 1995, contains additional guidance and information on notices and instructions.



Reference: Joint Pub 1-01, 25 April 1995

a. The purpose of the JPS is to enhance the combat effectiveness of U.S. forces. The JSPS furnishes the principles, guidelines, and conceptual framework for initiating, validating, developing, coordinating, evaluating, approving, and maintaining joint doctrine; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (JTTP); and joint technical publications for the Armed Forces. The Director, J-7, the Joint Staff, manages the joint doctrine and JTTP program for CJCS.

b. The joint publication hierarchy furnishes a framework for organizing joint doctrine and JTTP publications into the functional series illustrated in Figure 4-1. The organizational structure generally follows traditional joint staff lines of responsibility. Each series, except the 0 and 1 series, includes a keystone manual as the first publication in the series. Each keystone publication is the doctrinal foundation of its series. The functional structure is organized as follows.

(1) Joint Pub 0 Series, Capstone Joint Warfare Doctrine. Publications in the Joint Pub 0 Series link joint doctrine to national strategy and the contributions of other government agencies and alliances. The UNAAF, Joint Pub 0-2, continues to furnish the basic organization and command and control relationships required for effective joint operations. This series also includes Joint Pub 1, Joint Warfare for the U.S. Armed Forces.

(2) Joint Pub 1 Series, Joint Reference Publications. The Joint Pub 1 Series includes a joint publication guide and index and general reference publications.


Figure 4-1

(3) Joint Pub 2 Series, Doctrine for Intelligence Support of Joint Operations. Publications in the Joint Pub 2 Series establish joint doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures for intelligence support of joint operations, including direction, planning, collection, processing, production, and dissemination.

(4) Joint Pub 3 Series, Doctrine for Unified and Joint Operations. Publications in this series establish joint doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures for directing, planning, and executing joint military operations.

(5) Joint Pub 4 Series, Doctrine for Logistics Support of Joint Operations. Publications in this series establish joint doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures for directing, planning, and carrying out logistics support of joint operations.

(6) Joint Pub 5 Series, Doctrine for Planning Joint Operations. Publications in this series establish the joint planning processes relating to the conduct of joint military operations, such as deliberate and crisis action planning.

(7) Joint Pub 6 Series, Doctrine for C4 Systems Support of Joint Operations. Publications in the Joint Pub 6 Series establish joint doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures for C4 systems support to joint operations.

c. Joint publications are publications of joint interest prepared under the cognizance of Joint Staff directorates and applicable to the military departments, combatant commands, and other authorized agencies. They are approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, authenticated by the Director of the Joint Staff, and distributed through Service channels. Only publications approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff will be referred to as "joint publications." Publications involving two or more Services that have not been reviewed and approved by the CJCS are referred to as "multi-Service" and will identify the participating Services.

d. Joint publications are identified by publication number. The Director, J-7, assigns publication numbers to ensure subject matter continuity. Joint publication numbers comprise three numerical groups.

(1) The first group identifies the functional field numerical series as described above.

(2) The second numerical group, preceded by a hyphen, places the publication within a functional field. A zero-digit designator is used to indicate the keystone manual for the series of a functional field. (For example, Joint Pub 6-0 would be the number for the keystone manual in the C4 Systems series.)

(3) The third numerical group, preceded by a period, designates the publications that furnish supporting or expanded doctrine or JTTP for sequenced manuals within a functional field. For example, Joint Pub 3-09.1 would be the number of the publication on Joint Lasers Designation Procedures, which supports Joint Pub 3-09, Doctrine for Joint Fire Support, which falls under the Joint Pub 3-0 Series of publications.

e. Additional joint publications, unnumbered and not doctrine, have been issued under separate cover. These various pamphlets and handbooks will aid in joint and combined operations and planning. Some of the most valuable are listed in the following sections.




a. Joint Pub 0-2, Unified Action Armed Forces (UNAAF), is a valuable reference that sets forth principles and doctrine governing the activities of the Armed Forces of the United States when Services of two or more military departments are operating together. It includes guidance governing exercise of command by the combatant CINCs and joint force commanders, explains the functions of the CJCS and military departments in support of joint operations, furnishes guidance for the military departments and subordinate commands in the preparation of their respective detailed plans, and describes the command functions of joint commands.

b. Joint Pub 1, Joint Warfare of the Armed Forces of the United States, guides the joint action of U.S. Armed Forces, presenting concepts that mold those Armed Forces into the most effective fighting force. The concepts are broadly stated, and require a leaderís judgment in application. This publication guides U.S. multinational endeavors as well.

c. Joint Pub 1-01, Joint Publication System (Joint Doctrine and Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures Development Program), contains guidance and procedures on the nomination, development, coordination, and approval of joint doctrine and Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (JTTP) publications. It includes an index of all existing and planned publications and identifies the responsible lead agency for each publication.

d. Joint Pub 1-01.1, Compendium of Joint Publications, furnishes a readily available list of all joint publications, with a brief synopsis of each, to joint force commanders, their staffs, and components. The publication specifically gives an overview of joint doctrine development, all published joint publications, all joint publications currently under development, and all validated joint doctrine projects.

e. Joint Pub 1-01.2, Joint Electronic Library Userís Guide, is a hands-on guide to using the Joint Electronic Library (JEL). The JEL furnishes a high-speed, full-text search and retrieval capability accessible through desktop computers via modem. Information contained on the JEL CD-ROM is listed in Appendix J.

f. Joint Pub 1-02, DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, contains definitions of commonly used military terms. The standardization of military terminology is a major step toward effective communication and common understanding within the Department of Defense, between the United States and its allies, and within the civilian-military community.

g. Joint Doctrine Capstone and Keystone Primer is a pamphlet that covers the breadth of authoritative guidance for the employment of our Armed Forces. It contains executive summaries of capstone, keystone, and other key joint doctrine publications that are important to combatant commanders.

h. Joint Pub 2-0, Doctrine for Intelligence Support of Joint Operations, describes doctrine for intelligence support to joint or multinational operations.

i. Joint Pub 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations, outlines the translation of national strategy into assigned missions and military objectives, capabilities, and concepts of employment of component forces in joint operations, and the principles of command organization for all aspects of joint force operations. Concepts covered include developing the Commanderís Estimate, discharging warfighting responsibilities, and planning and executing campaigns employing joint forces.

j. Joint Pub 3-33, Joint Force Capabilities, is currently under development as an overarching publication that will describe the capabilities the individual components furnish the joint force commander. It will also summarize the componentís key responsibilities in supporting the joint force commanderís operation or campaign.

k. Joint Pub 3-01.2, Theater Counterair Operations, furnishes fundamental principles and guidance for all aspects of counterair operations, including command and control of offensive and defensive air defense operations and Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) operations involving all military Services.

l. Joint Pub 3-02, Joint Doctrine for Amphibious Operations, establishes doctrine for planning and employing joint forces in amphibious operations.

m. Joint Pub 3-05, Doctrine for Joint Special Operations, establishes fundamental principles of joint employment of Special Operations Forces (SOF). It includes a definition of special operations and describes SOF organizations, missions, capabilities and limitations; joint SOF organizations and operational concepts; and the functional relationships between SOF and conventional forces at all levels of war.

n. Joint Pub 3-07, Joint Doctrine for Military Operations other than War, contains guidance on preparing for and conducting selected military operations other than war. These selected military operations other than war include support for insurgency and counterinsurgency operations, counterterrorism, peace operations, recovery operations, counterdrug operations, noncombatant evacuation operations, foreign humanitarian assistance, domestic support operations, and logistics support.

o. Joint Task Force Commanderís Handbook for Peace Operations is designed for senior commanders designated as JTF Commander of a peace operation. It is meant to be a resource tool for the commander and his senior staff, and is most useful when supplemented by the Peace Operations Database maintained as part of the Joint Electronic Library. Though consistent with joint and Service doctrine, it is not a doctrinal publication.

p. Joint Pub 3-08, Interagency Coordination during Joint Operations, will describe the strategic context for coordination between government agencies. It will identify the fundamental principles that a joint force commander may employ in gaining interagency cooperation to accomplish a mission.

q. Joint Pub 3-16, Joint Doctrine for Multinational Operations, will consolidate multinational planning and operations guidance and principles already contained in various joint doctrine publications. It will capture lessons learned from recent multinational operations and exercises that are applicable at the doctrinal rather than joint tactics, techniques, and procedures level.

r. Joint Pub 3-52, Doctrine for Joint Airspace Control in the Combat Zone, contains broad doctrinal guidance for joint forces involved in the use of airspace over the combat zone.

s. Joint Pub 3-56, Command and Control for Joint Operations, describes overarching command and control guidelines, describes typical joint force command and staff functions and agencies, and incorporates joint command and control doctrine for use by commanders and staffs at combatant commands, subunified commands, JTFs, and subordinate component commands. It contains guidance and procedures to consider while organizing, planning, coordinating, and conducting joint force operations and training.

t. Joint Pub 4-0, Doctrine for Logistic Support of Joint Operations, contains doctrine covering the entire spectrum of logistics. It includes the architectural framework for logistics support to joint operations, guidance for joint logistics planning, and the relationship between logistics and combat power.

u. Joint Pub 4-01, Mobility System Policies, Procedures, and Considerations, furnishes joint transportation procedures for submission of common-user movement requirements. It compiles mobility-related policies, procedures, and data derived from various Government, DOD, and Service directives for use as a planning guide.

v. Joint Pub 4-05, Mobilization, covers the major planning and execution aspects of the mobilization process, including the identification of general responsibilities, concepts for coordination of mobilization planning, and responsibilities for planning by organizations outside the Department of Defense. It describes the systems and procedures used in the mobilization planning process.

w. Joint Pub 5-0, Doctrine for Planning Joint Operations, contains keystone doctrine that establishes requirements, responsibilities, and guidelines for planning joint operations. It details core guidance for the planning of joint operations in all mission areas, including mobilization, deployment, sustainment, employment, and mission analysis. It identifies and defines the interdependent relationships between threat identification and assessment, strategy determination, course of action development, and execution planning, and explains the interrelationships required between personnel, intelligence, logistics, C3 systems, and other staff agencies to maximize combat effectiveness through coordinated joint planning and execution.

x. Joint Pub 5-00.1, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Campaign Planning, will guide the planning and execution of joint campaigns at theater and subordinate command levels. It will describe the relationship between theater and subordinate campaign plans at the strategic and operational levels. It will also examine the relationship between campaign plans and JOPES in the development of theater and subordinate campaign plans.

y. Joint Pub 5-00.2, Joint Task Force Planning Guidance and Procedures, furnishes planning guidance and procedures for forming, staffing, and deploying a joint task force (JTF). It includes an overview of the purpose of a JTF; responsibilities and authorities of the appointing authority, JTF commander, and JTF component, supporting, and supported commanders; and other command and control considerations related to the JTF. It relates JTF operations to the steps of Crisis Action Planning (CAP).

z. Joint Pub 5-03 Series, Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES). This series of publications covers deliberate and crisis action planning procedures; OPLAN, CONPLAN, and Concept Summary development; and associated ADP support. See Chapters 6 and 7 of this publication for additional information.

aa. Userís Guide for Joint Operation Planning, an unnumbered guide and reference companion to Joint Pub 5-0, offers joint planners a sound understanding of the substance and form of joint operation planning, particularly the deliberate planning process and the types of plans developed under that process.

bb. Userís Guide for JOPES, also unnumbered, contains a general overview of JOPES. This document is intended to be used as a companion piece to the Userís Guide for Joint Operation Planning.

cc. Joint Pub 6-0, Doctrine for C4 Systems Support to Joint Operations, is broad in scope, discussing the entire spectrum of C4 systems supporting commanders. It is applicable to joint operations at all levels of conflict.



a. The Joint Reporting Structure is outlined in Joint Pub 1-03, and is directed for use throughout the military community. It is designed to furnish

b. The JRS creates reports and reporting systems that have wide application in command and control, operation and support planning, plan execution, and analysis. It portrays essential data on personnel, matJriel, and equipment status; operational and logistics planning; and the overall military situation. It establishes

c. Joint Pub 1-03 Series includes numerous publications, each concerned with a particular functional area. Several of them are listed below.

1-03.3 Joint Reporting Structure Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)

1-03.6 Event or Incident Reports

1-03.7 Nuclear Weapons Reports

1-03.8 Situation Monitoring

1-03.9 Reconnaissance

1-03.10 Communications Status

1-03.11 Communications-Electronics

1-03.12-14 Military Installation Status

1-03.15 Intelligence

1-03.17 Personnel

1-03.18 Logistics

1-03.19 Nickname and Exercise Term Report

d. Intelligence reports. In Joint Pub 1-03.15, the JRS outlines four intelligence reports.

(1) Department of Defense Intelligence Digest (DODID). The purpose of the DODID is to give the CJCS, the combatant commands, and selected U.S. Government agencies timely, finished intelligence about developments that could have a significant effect on current and future planning and operations. DIA prepares this narrative report, and it normally covers a single activity, event, or situation. The primary objective of the DODID is to report on key developments, explain their occurrence, and assess their impact on the United States and its interests.

(2) Spot Intelligence Report (SPIREP). The purpose of the SPIREP is to give the CJCS, the National Military Intelligence Center (DIA), the combatant commands, the military Services, and selected U.S. Government agencies timely intelligence information on developments that could have an immediate and significant effect on current planning and operations. This narrative report is submitted to the national level by combatant commands, military Services, and military organizations of divisional level whenever critical developments appear imminent or are of potentially high interest to U.S. national-level decision-makers. Its content includes the nature of the event, where and when the event occurred, the source of the information, and remarks. SPIREPs are transmitted to the national level not later than one hour after receiving the critical information. Initial SPIREPs are not delayed to verify the information or to get more details; rather, amplifying or clarifying information is forwarded in followup SPIREPs.

(3) The Daily Intelligence Summary (DISUM). DISUMs give the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the National Military Intelligence Center (DIA), the military Services, and selected U.S. Government agencies a daily analysis of an actual or simulated (training exercise) crisis and a summary of relevant intelligence information produced during the preceding 24-hour period. The minimum required information includes subject, general hostile situation, hostile operations during the period, other intelligence factors, and the counterintelligence situation. DISUMs are submitted to the national level by combatant commands.

(4) DIA Intelligence Situation Summary (INTELSITSUM). The INTELSITSUM furnishes timely, periodic intelligence summaries about an actual or simulated (training exercise) foreign crisis that could have an immediate effect (actual or simulated) on U.S. planning and operations, to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the combatant commands, the military Services, U.S. military commanders worldwide, and selected U.S. Government agencies. The summary contains the subject, situation summary and highlights, military activity, political issues, collection posture, and outlook.

e. Situation Monitoring. Joint Pub 1-03.8, JRS, Situation Monitoring, contains the instructions for the Commanderís Situation Report (SITREP), and Commanderís Operational Reports (OPREP-1, -2, -4, and -5).

(1) SITREPs keep the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, combatant commanders, Services, and agencies of the Government advised of critical national and international situations; existing political, military, and operational situations and plans; the readiness of combatant commanders to meet the requirements of CJCS-approved plans; the progress of ongoing large-scale military exercises; and any significant intelligence event. SITREPS are narrative reports that include the following kinds of data:

(2) SITREPs are submitted daily effective 2400Z to ensure receipt in Washington no later than 0400Z the following day. Duplicate reporting between SITREPs, OPREPs, and other JRS reports is discouraged. Information required to be submitted via another JRS report is not included in SITREPs; instead, reference is made to the appropriate JRS report.

(3) OPREPs are usually narrative reports, used to advise the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, combatant commanders, Services, and U.S. Government agencies of events or incidents that could attract national or international attention; current operations and recommended operation plans describing the deployment or employment of military units; and the results of activities associated with military operations. The system is designed to satisfy all echelons of command with a single reporting system. OPREPs-1, -2, -4, and -5 are covered in Joint Pub 1-03.8, Situation Monitoring.

f. Incident Reporting. Joint Pub 1-03.6, JRS, Event/Incident Reports, furnishes instructions for reporting significant events or incidents with specific report content and format guidance for 11 different categories of events, and instructions for report submission. The OPREP-3, Event/Incident Report is used to notify the National Military Command Center (NMCC) immediately of any event or incident that may attract national attention.

g. Global Status of Resources and Training System (GSORTS)

Reference: Joint Pub 1-03.3

(1) Introduction. GSORTS is the single automated report within the Department of Defense used to furnish the NCA, CJCS, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff with authoritative identification, location, and resource information on units and organizations of the U.S. Armed Forces. GSORTS describes each registered unit in terms of personnel, equipment, and supplies on hand; equipment condition; and training in terms of unit category levels C-1 through C-6. These levels reflect the status of each unitís resources and training as measured against the resources and training standards required to undertake the wartime mission for which the unit is organized or designed. Combat, combat support, and combat service support units of the operating forces of each Service, including Active, National Guard, and Reserve units, assigned tasks in either the SIOP or an OPLAN residing in JOPES, report their status of resources and training through GSORTS at the unit levels specified in Joint Pub 1-03.3. Status of selected foreign forces is also reported in GSORTS for identification as required by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(2) GSORTS is a primary source of data on force availability to meet planning requirements for current operations. It is an automated Global Command and Control System (GCCS) data file that contains the identity of worldwide organization resources keyed to each unitís individual Unit Identification Code (UIC). These data support operation planning, and command and control functions, within the Joint Staff, the combatant commands, the Services, Service major commands, component commands, and combat support agencies. The perishability of status information requires that reports be prepared when the status changes and forwarded without delay. GSORTS data are useful in support of planning only when unit information is timely and accurate. Joint Pub 1-03.3 describes report submission time and frequency requirements.

(3) Within GSORTS, organization and unit identity and status information is accumulated, refined, updated, and filed for rapid recall. GSORTS information is submitted by subordinate units and compiled at higher echelons of command. GSORTS inputs originated by Service major commands and component commands are routed to the appropriate combatant command where they are entered into the GCCS. GSORTS information is forwarded simultaneously to the Joint Staff, combatant commanders, and Service headquarters.

(4) Computer processing demands precise formatting and strict adherence to administrative guidelines. Reporting format, data element definitions, and rules for their use are contained in Joint Pub 1-03 series. GSORTS reports contain basic identity, status, personnel strength, combat readiness, equipment and crew status, and other elements that present a picture of the unit and its daily readiness and capabilities. As GSORTS input is received, the status data are processed, entered into, and update the GSORTS File. The Director for Operations, J-3, the Joint Staff, maintains the master GSORTS File.

(5) Relationships between GSORTS and other systems. GSORTS interfaces with the Specified Geolocation Code File (GEOFILE), the Type Unit Data File (TUCHA), and the Major Equipment Code File (MEQPT), a GSORTS equipment status file. GSORTS supports JOPES through GCCS by updating the JOPES database.

h. JOPES Reporting System (JOPESREP)

References: Joint Pub 1-03.21, JRS, Joint Operation Planning and Execution System Reporting Structure (JOPESREP)

Joint Pub 5-03 Series, Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES)

(1) JOPESREP is an information reporting system structured to support deliberate and crisis action planning. It describes standard procedures for reporting the information required to develop the Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data (TPFDD) database and the Summary Reference File (SRF) used to plan and flow force and sustainment in support of contingency plans. JOPESREP defines standard element descriptions, criteria for editing, and report procedures; specifies formats; and defines information to solve planning problems.

(2) JOPESREP is used by the Joint Planning and Execution Community (JPEC) to develop, review, coordinate, revise, and approve operation plans; identify movement constraints that result from lack of resources, port reception or throughput capabilities, and POL storage limitations; identify shortfalls in resources to meet plan requirements; and improve the accuracy of planning data.