ENCLOSURE A (3110.01)
INTRODUCTION TO THE INSTRUCTIONAL JSCP
a. The CGSC academic environment precludes the use of actual plans and documents that form a part of the Joint Strategic Planning System (JSPS). However, in keeping with the mission of the college, it is necessary and appropriate to familiarize student planners with the type of joint staff guidance that is available to the combatant commanders and the chiefs of the military Services for the accomplishment of assigned military tasks.
b. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is charged with certain strategic planning responsibilities by the National Security Act of 1947, as amended, and DOD Directive 5100.1. See Joint Pub 1.1, "Organization and Functions of the Joint Staff."
c. Various documents are published by the Chairman and Joint Staff giving planning guidance for the upcoming fiscal years. Of prime importance is the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP). In addition to furnishing planning guidance, the JSCP requires combatant commanders and the chiefs of the military Services to assess the impact on the total US worldwide commitment of projected manpower and resource requirements to accomplish an assigned task.
2. PURPOSE. The purpose of the Prairie Warrior Instructional Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan is to give the student planner JSCP-type guidance to work out planning exercises and support related instruction.
a. This document is a fictional simulation of the JSCP and is to be used for instructional purposes only. It contains guidance for developing plans in support of college planning exercises. Strategic considerations, concepts, and force capabilities have either been extracted from unclassified government and civilian publications or fictionalized by CGSC so as to remain unclassified and minimize control of this document. The time frame portrayed by this document is FY 20__, where the blank is as indicated in the college planning exercises.
b. USPACOM (US Pacific Command) is the command used by the college as a training vehicle to study organization and command relationships as well as the joint planning process, and serves as a major combatant command headquarters for conducting the Prairie Warrior 2000 exercise. The PW 00 Instructional JSCP contains selected data pertinent to USPACOM planning requirements. General guidance, tasks, responsibilities, and information contained in the Unified Command Plan (UCP) and Unified Action Armed Forces (UNAAF) "Joint Pub 0-2" are also applicable to USPACOM. Additional specific guidance and information on the geographic area of responsibility of USPACOM are given during course instruction.
4. IMPLEMENTING INSTRUCTIONS
a. Planning will be conducted per this document and the college curriculum schedule.
b. Commanders are responsible for preparation of current plans for the execution of tasks assigned in enclosure E of this document. These tasks conform with the planning guidance in enclosures C and E and may be further amplified in follow-on guidance.
c. Tasks assigned in enclosure E are requirements for planning operations, or other actions, by combatant commanders. Plans are categorized as operation plans or concept summaries.
(1) Plans are prepared in either complete Operation Plan format (OPLAN), Concept Plan format (CONPLAN), Concept Plan format with Time Phased Force Deployment Data (CONPLAN with TPFDD), or functional plan format. For Prairie Warrior 2000, an OPLAN for the decisive combat phase only will be written by the AOAS Fellows.
(2) Operation plans include disaster relief, noncombatant evacuation, protection of US civilians, nuclear weapons recovery, and continuity of operations.
d. Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) Volume I (Joint Pub 5-03.1) outlines the deliberate planning process and gives guidance for preparation and submission of operation plans and Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data (TPFDDs) and review of operation plans. JOPES Volume II (CJCSM 3122.03) contains planning and execution formats and guidance. Formats for classified subjects and detailed functions guidance are contained in the supplement (classified) to JOPES Volume II available in the library.
e. A single plan may suffice for related operations.
f. All plans must conform with domestic and international law, including the law of armed conflict and international agreements that are binding on the United States.
NOTE: For purposes of college planning exercises, planning responsibilities normally assigned to the Chief of Staff, US Army; Chief of Naval Operations; Chief of Staff, US Air Force; Commandant of the Marine Corps; supporting commands; and other DOD agencies are assumed to have been accomplished. However, student component commanders are responsible for completing specific Service planning responsibilities as set forth in applicable college documents.
5. CHANGES FROM PREVIOUS JSCP
a. General. Since late 1989, events in Europe and Southwest Asia have brought about a transformation in the international security environment. Along with other events a shift in US military strategy and associated deliberate planning had to be made, resulting in a new framework for operational planning.
b. New Framework for Operational Planning. The new national security environment requires a much more flexible, adaptive approach to planning for the use of military force in pursuit of US national security objectives.
(1) Regional threats have become the central basis for US conventional planning. This JSCP emphasizes regional planning as a top priority.
(2) The guidance in this JSCP focuses attention on developing a wide spectrum of options for responding to a variety of possible crisis conditions. These options are labeled Flexible Deterrent Options (FDOs), Deploy Decisive Force, and Response to a No-Warning Attack.
c. Prioritization of Work. As a planning guide, the following lists the prioritization of work:
(2) CONPLANS with TPFDDs
(3) CONPLANs and functional plans most likely to be executed
(4) Concept Summary for the second of two concurrent MRCs that develop sequentially
(5) Remaining CONPLANs
(6) Remaining functional plans
d. Prioritization for Training. Because of multiapportioned forces for regional planning, the following prioritization guidelines give an appropriate focus for training readiness:
(1) Units should train to support all plans to which they are apportioned.
(2) Training emphasis should favor MRC training over LRC training.
(3) If a unit is an early deployer to more than one MRC operation plan, training emphasis should favor the MRC theater to which the unit has the earliest apportionment. If the unit is apportioned in the same case to multiple MRCs, then training should be balanced between the theaters
(4) Commanders may use the guidance or tasks in the JSCP to assist in deriving Joint Mission Essential Task Lists (JMETLS).
6. FORCES AVAILABLE FOR PLANNING
a. Forces approved by the seminar faculty for insertion in this publication are available for planning purposes per guidance in enclosures D and E.
b. Availability of reserve forces is based on the given mobilization assumptions.
c. (Unless otherwise directed) Services will publish a list of combat support and combat service support forces available to each CINC. The list will be based on the need to support major combat forces made available for planning.
7. SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION. Per JOPES procedures, supported commanders will report unresolved shortfalls to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with an assessment of associated risks and the threat that can be met.
8. COMMAND RELATIONSHIPS. Forces apportioned for planning will remain under the command of their providing organization until specified otherwise by the National Command Authorities (NCA).