SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTION 3110.12
1. PURPOSE. The purpose of this supplemental instructions is to offer information and guidance on principles, responsibilities, and authorities for joint planning of civil affairs operations in the combatant commands.
a. The term "civil affairs" has three common usages:
(1) Civil affairs concept--embraces the totality of the relationships of a military commander with the civilian environment.
(2) Civil affairs operations--obtains for a military commander essential civilian support and assists in the attainment of politico-military objectives. This may involve the performance by military forces in an area of operations of some or all of the functions normally performed by civil government.
(3) Civil affairs organization--consists of staffs and units particularly designed and trained to supervise and conduct civil affairs operations in support of military forces.
b. Planning for and conducting civil affairs is the responsibility of every echelon of command.
c. Each commander of a military unit, regardless of size or organizational position, must comply with the applicable provisions of international law, treaties, or agreements with respect to inhabitants, governments, and economies of occupied, liberated, or host countries.
3. RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITY. The assignment of responsibilities within the US Government for civil affairs is as follows:
a. The Department of State is the agency primarily charged with the formulation of foreign policy and has primary or collateral interest in policies concerning:
(1) the governments with whom the Armed Forces of the United States will deal,
(2) the degree to which commanders of US forces will intervene in the government of a particular country,
(3) the level at which the economy of a given country will be maintained by civil affairs operations,
(4) the level of AID support,
(5) matters involving psychological warfare, information, and propaganda, and
(6) plans for turning civil affairs activities over to civilian control.
b. The Department of Defense coordinates with other federal departments and agencies and prescribes DOD policies affecting civil affairs activities.
c. The Joint Staff will do the following:
(1) Formulate policies within broad policy guidance obtained from OSD for transmittal to combatant commanders necessitated by military situations.
(2) Ensure adequate coverage of civil affairs in all joint plans.
(3) Establish a Joint Civil Affairs Committee, if necessary, at the outbreak of hostilities.
d. Combatant commanders' responsibilities.
(1) Plan for the conduct of civil affairs operations that are appropriate in their areas of responsibility as an integral part of their missions.
(2) Secure, through the Joint Staff, civil affairs units and personnel needed to execute their plans the same way they secure other forces.
(3) Arrange for political advisers on their staffs, to be obtained from the Department of State.
(4) Ensure the adequacy of civil affairs planning by all subordinate commanders.
(5) Combatant commanders are authorized, but not required, to delegate authority for civil affairs to one of the Service components of their commands, normally the Army component commander.
d. Services and Service component responsibilities.
(1) The Army will do the following:
(a) Act as executive agent for the Joint Staff for civil affairs planning.
(b) Train and furnish civil affairs units and personnel needed in combatant commands, except where such responsibility is assigned to other Services.
(c) Furnish to the other Services, at their request, civil affairs personnel as required.
(2) The Navy and/or Marine Corps will do the following:
(a) Train and deploy civil affairs personnel needed to support the operations of the forces, activities, and facilities of the Navy and Marine Corps.
(b) Furnish specially qualified personnel to the Army as instructors or specialists in the Department of Army civil affairs training and operational units.
(3) The Air Force will furnish to the Army, as requested, specially qualified personnel for service in the Department of Army civil affairs training and operational units as instructors or specialists in matters of primary concern to the Air Force. As required, the Air Force will provide EC-130 Commando Solo, which itís ability to broadcast all forms of electronic media, in support of the joint civil affairs effort.
(4) All components will perform missions in the field of civil affairs that are directed by appropriate authority.
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