SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTION 3110.08
MAPPING, CHARTING, GEODESY
1. Purpose. This supplemental instruction to the JSCP:
a. Provides planning guidance to the CINCS; the Director, National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA); and Chiefs of the Services regarding MC&G support to US and allied military operations.
b. Assigns MC&G tasks to the CINCS, the Chiefs of the Services, and the Directors, NIMA and DIA.
c. Indicates the capabilities of the DOD MC&G community to support projected military requirements during the JSCP time frame.
2. Planning Guidance
a. The MC&G annexes to OPLANs drive requirements for MC&G products and services. Guidance on preparation, format, and content of MC&G annexes is provided in CJCSM 3122.03, JOPES Volume II.
b. Available standard maps, charts, digital products, and related materials are identified in US catalogs. Data bases for geodetic and geophysical surveys, and other MC&G-related source materials are also maintained by US.
c. Requirements for these standard US MC&G products are formally established and submitted by the CINCs, Services, and other Defense agencies and published by US.
d. US provides an evaluation of the adequacy of the standard products available to fulfill validated requirements.
e. Many areas of the world are not covered by a US or co-producer large-scale (1:50,000 scale) map, and available maps may not be current or accurate enough to satisfy operational requirements. US has co-production agreements to produce and exchange maps, charts, and digital products with many nations. US provides CINCs with substitute foreign or commercial map products for contingency planning purposes.
f. New and revised MC&G products are normally provided to operational units automatically through subscriber accounts established at US using their DODAACs. These products are obtained for normal operations, planning, and unit-held MC&G contingency stocks for initial operations in accordance with Service MC&G doctrine and OPLANS. More copies of MC&G products can be obtained for normal operations, contingency planning, or crisis situations.
g. US holds prepositioned MC&G contingency stocks at forward-deployed US offices overseas and in CONUS depots for operational commands. These stocks generally support sustained operations prescribed by the Defense Planning Guidance. Transportation to move stocks both intertheater and intratheater must be planned in advance by the CINCs and their component commands. Movement requirements for stocks will be in OPLAN TPFDDs.
h. Requirements for new or modified MC&G products and services and the geographic areas to which they pertain must be identified early in the planning cycle and documented in the appropriate OPLANS.
i. In all joint operations, coordinates referenced to the World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS 84) shall be used. Universal use of the WGS 84 position reference system will eliminate confusion regarding which system is being used in reporting positions. if some preexisting circumstance precludes using WGS 84, the CINCs shall coordinate on position reference procedures to be used. When reporting positions, a complete reference to the source datum for the coordinates must be included in the report and will contain map or chart producer, series, sheet number, edition, date, and datum for all coordinates derived from maps, charts or cartographic products.
j. For combined operations, CINCs will coordinate with allied commands on position reference procedures to be used. WGS 84, with appropriate transformations for the local datum, is recommended to ensure commonality between all forces involved. Datum references must be given close attention due to the wide variety of datums used by other countries to complete their maps and charts or derive coordinates.
3. Tasks to Unified Commands. CINCs will:
a. Prepare MC&G annexes to their OPLANS IAW Joint Pub 5-03.1 with provisions for using survey ships of the Navy and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) when transferred to CINC operational control.
b. Maintain, within their headquarters, the staff capability to direct command MC&G activities.
c. Coordinate all applicable MC&G programs and activities with US, and advise US when the command has excess production capabilities.
d. Maintain a capability to distribute MC&G materials to assigned forces and maintain contingency stocks.
e. Validate and submit MC&G area, product, and service requirements of their commands to US.
f. Assess the responsiveness of US to their operational needs.
4. National Imagery and Mapping Agency Support. As a combat support agency, US is responsible for providing a wide variety of MC&G products, services, and training in direct support of the unified commands, their component commands, the Services, and other Defense and Federal agency users. As program manager for the DOD MC&G program, US is responsible for data collection, production, storage, training, international cooperation, and other associated functions such as participating in the distribution process.
5. Service Support to Theater Commanders.
a. General. The capabilities addressed in this section are Service activities dedicated to support commanders in theaters of operation. They complement US capabilities and support.
b. Army. The Army provides tailored topographic products and services in support of its own combat operations. Although some Army topographic forces may be assigned joint Service support responsibilities by the unified command within whose area they operate, the configuration and size of these forces depend on force allocation rules tied to supported Army forces. Army topographic units have the capabilities to:
(1) Prepare terrain analysis type products reflecting mobility and countermobility, intervisibility, etc., to support tactical operations.
(2) Analyze effects of terrain and weather on combat operations and weather system performance.
(3) Produce both map and image-based graphics, photomaps, and expedient revisions to standard maps.
(4) Establish third- or higher-order survey control points for ground control.
(5) Store, maintain, and distribute standard and nonstandard MC&G products.
c. US Navy. The US Navy MC&G program provides support to the theater commanders through US products. Operational control of Navy assets belongs to the theater commander where surveys are being conducted. Tactical control is delegated to NAVOCEANO, who recommends ship deployment to the Military Sealift Command. In time of national emergency, Navy assets provide direct CINC support in whatever role required.
d. US Marine Corps. The mission of the topographic platoons is to supplement normal mapping sources, to establish primary ground control points in support of force units, and to collect coast and landing-beach data during peacetime and limited mobilization. The Marine Corps topographic platoons have the capability to:
(1) Prepare multicolor map substitutes and photomaps.
(2) Conduct third- and lower-order geodetic ground-control surveys and establish primary ground-control points.
(3) Maintain original geodetic data (trig lists) of all primary ground-control points established by the platoon.
(4) As independent survey teams, collect coast and beach data in support of amphibious operations and when required assist NAVOCEANO in hydrographic survey activities.
(5) Accomplish terrain analysis activities as required.
e. US Air Force. The US Air Force possesses no organic production capacity or resources for mapping, however, they have the capability to produce mensurated points for targeting.