Cavalry squadrons consist of two or more company-sized units and a headquarters. Most squadrons, in addition to a typical compliment of three to five operational companies, contain a headquarters company that gives them the ability to perform some administrative and logistic services.
The Cavalry Squadron conducts detailed ground reconnaissance and surveillance within and as necessary to the front, flanks, and rear of the division on a mission basis. It facilitates command and control for the division commander reporting information in an electronic countermeasure or nuclear, biological, and chemical environment that is essential in order to maintain a positive command link between the division commander and brigade commanders. It conducts internal surveillance and reconnaissance to facilitate rear battle operations as well as planning to conduct these operations, and conducts continuous radiological monitoring and survey and chemical detection.
The aviation Cavalry Squadron, which serves as the eyes and ears of the division, is a unit of the Aviation Brigade which is common to all heavy and light active divisions throughout the Army. The Cav conducts reconnaissance, screens, and command and control enhancement missions. The squadron consists of a headquarters and headquarters troop, two ground cavalry troops, and two air reconnaissance troops. Total of 55 ground vehicles(15 M113s and 40 Bradleys) with 21 aircraft. Each air troop has 4 AH-1s and 6 OH-58s with one UH-60 in the HHT.
The Regimental Aviation Squadron (RAS) is the organic aviation unit in an armored cavalry regiment. Features two attack helicopter troops, three air reconnaissance troops, and an assault helicopter troop with 15 UH-60s. Has a HQs troop and a unit maintenance company. A total of 72 aircraft are assigned.