Joint Operations Center
DRAFT 21 June, 1999
Go back to: Corps as a Warfighting Headquarters
The organization and functions of the EAC HQs JOC staff vary depending on the mission and organization of the parent command that forms the nucleus of the EAC HQs. The size, organization and functions of the EAC HQs G/J/C3 directorate and Operations Center are determined by the Commander, EAC HQs (CEAC HQs). The following provides a suggested organization for the G/J/C3 Directorate.
This section on the JOC is further descriptive in terms of procedures as the JOC does bring together components as well as all the staff functions. This is opposed to a homogious staff or component of habitualy relationships and procedures. The procedures listed here are consider the minimum "jump start" coordnation requirements to transition a JOC from its initial ad hoc groiuping into a coordinated team effort.
Manned and equipped to conduct 24-hour operations. The primary agency of the operations staff is the JOC. The JOC must have a minimum of an element or cell from every assigned subordiate unit and staff representative from all EAC staff sections. The primary responsibility of the JOC is to integrate all tasks performed by the EAC accross all units and staffs. Additional minimum organization includes a liaison team permanently assigned to the JOC for coordination between all assigned units, agencies and multinational or coalition forces.
Put in ED 55-11 and JTF 140 JOC organization chart here.
Universal Joint Operational Tasks the JOC performs.
This list represents the maximum menu of possible tasks the JOC could expect to perform. See definitions for explanation of the terms: lead, coordinated and contributing.
Army Universal Tactical Tasks the JOC Performs.
Maximum menu of possible tactical tasks from the AUTL the corps as an operational headquarters may perform.
The JOC should be located where it can facilitate command and control of EAC HQs subordinate units and communicate with the supported and supporting commanders and agencies. Ideally, this location will be near existing facilities where it can take advantage of security measures, headquarters support, communications, vehicles, helicopter landing pad, messes, etc.
Functions of the JOC.
Force/Resource Monitoring and Management. Monitors the current status of assigned forces and their resources, and provides information to aid in allocating and moving forces and material.
Planning. Assists in the preparation of plans.
Command Direction. Directs forces assigned to the EAC HQs and takes necessary actions within the authority delegated to the JOC by the CEAC HQs.
Execution Supervision. Monitors the implementation of operation orders to ensure CEAC
HQs objectives are being met.
Reporting and Recording. Prepares and submits operational reports to EAC HQs and other commands as required. Joint Pub 3-56.24, Message Text Formats, contains message interface and message text formats (MTFs) for JOC use. Maintains the chronological record of EAC HQs operational activities.
Operations Evaluation. Evaluates actions for sufficiency and develops methods to improve joint effectiveness.
Classified Material Storage. Normally, the JOC will not be designated a SCIF. Open storage of classified material will not be authorized. Safes will be provided for classified storage.
Information Security. All personnel must be aware of sensitive classified material handling in the JOC. Appropriate security measures to safeguard classified documents and voice transmitted information will be taken.
Both secure and non-secure telephones will be available in the JOC. Callers must ensure there are no unsecured telephone lines in operation nearby when discussing classified on a STU-III.
Dispose of classified waste by using red-striped burn bags and/or shredder if available. Ensure classified waste is destroyed/disposed of separately from normal trash.
Document Accountability. TOP SECRET and SPECAT messages are accountable documents. A TOP SECRET Control Officer will be designated. JOC officers must receipt for the TOP SECRET documents and may not reproduce it without permission from the Control Officer. The Focal Point Control Officer will maintain a SPECAT Control Sheet for those messages. Authorized JOC officers will receipt for SPECAT messages as required. Focal Point Control Officers will direct reproduction and distribution of SPECAT messages as required.
Reports and formats required by EAC HQs must be specified by the assigning headquarters and provided to subordinated units and agencies. All time references used in operations will be in ZULU time.
The following procedures are provided as a minimum guideline for JOC operations:
Mission Assumption.The EAC HQs assumes mission responsibility from EAC HQs when the JOC structure is in place and CEAC HQs determines he is prepared to assume the operations functions.
Mission Tracking. The Current Operations Section of the JOC is responsible for tracking current operations. Information required to support current operations is available from subordinate commands, EAC HQs, component commands in support of the operation and from national/international resources. The EAC HQs JOC should determine information required from available sources and request specific information to support the Commanders Critical Information Requirements (CCIR) from EAC HQs and from all other sources which are not assigned or attached to the EAC HQs.
Request for additional resources. Request for additional resources (personnel or equipment) to support EAC HQs mission requirements must be submitted to EAC HQs J-3 for tasking to component commanders or the Joint Staff. EAC HQs will request, via record message, additional force structure or equipment required to support the EAC HQs mission. The EAC HQs does not have direct tasking authority for EAC HQs component commands.
JOC Team Chief This moves to individual responsibilities linked from the billet title.
Has the overall responsibility for operation of the JOC and the processing of all G/J/C3 message traffic and correspondence. Responsibilities also include, but are not limited to:
Assuming responsibility of the G/J/C3 during periods of the G/J/C3s absence.
Briefing Requirements and Procedures.
This section establishes and defines guidelines for briefings conducted in connection with JOC activities. Normally, two briefings are conducted daily to update CEAC HQs and his staff on the current tactical situation. These briefings are normally conducted in the morning and evening. Special briefings or on-the-spot tactical briefings may be required at any time and may be given by a designated briefing officer, officers of the JOC, or other EAC HQs staff members. These additional briefings may be conducted when special tactical situations arise, proposed operational plans or orders require decisions to proceed with planning, lower echelons present implementing plans or orders, and/or at the call of the CEAC HQs or key staff members of the EAC HQs. Normally EAC HQs staff briefings are conducted by JOC personnel under the supervision of the G/J/C3, EAC HQs and will normally follow an order of priority as follows.
When possible, briefings should be conducted in an EAC HQs briefing facility
adjacent to the JOC. (Briefings conducted elsewhere tend to interrupt the orderly flow of
business. The strict requirement for quiet associated with briefings precludes uses of
communications facilities and brings the JOC to a standstill when briefings are conducted
within the JOC).