Corps Operations and Organizational Concept

DRAFT 12 May, 1999
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Associated sections: Corps as a Warfighting Headquarters ] [ Corps Operations and Organizational Concept ]


18 November 1998

SUBJECT: Corps XXI Organization and Operations (O&O) Concept (Revised Final Draft)

1. Purpose. To provide the operations and organizational concept for the Corps XXI.

2. General.

a. This paper addresses the mission and capabilities of the Corps XXI, a multifunctional flexible force enabled by technology and information, and optimized for tactical warfighting in an austere, multinational, and joint environment, capable of rapid transition between offense, defense, stability, and support actions. The Corps XXI achieves Air Land Dominance by combining the capabilities of the Army, joint and multinational assets, and improvements in information systems to generate the maximum warfighting effects possible, while maintaining the versatility, agility, and flexibility for other type of actions in any environment across the spectrum of military operations.

b. The Corps XXI is designed to seize and retain the initiative. Its optimal employment is in an environment in which the enemy has substantial conventional capabilities, to include chemical and biological weapons, that may be applied symmetrically and asymmetrically against the corps. The only unit organic to the Corps XXI is its headquarters company. The full capabilities listed, unless stated otherwise, are for an end-state corps employing subordinate units. Some of the Corps XXI capabilities will be available prior to achieving the end state.

c. The Corps XXI is a capabilities and knowledge based force organized to accomplish all battlespace functions and provide Joint or Unified Commanders with a force optimized for land dominance across the full range of operations. The Corps XXI can project forces into both mature and underdeveloped theaters to secure theater strategic objectives. Its modular and tailorable organization makes it suitable for projecting forces and conducting operations in all environments, across the full range of military actions. The Corps XXI capabilities reside within its subordinate units. This provides it with a high level of flexibility, lethality, survivability, and maneuverability against symmetric and asymmetric threats. The Corps Commander is an operational and/or tactical maneuver commander.

d. All Corps XXI operations are joint and may be interagency or multinational. Its technological advancement make the Corps XXI optimum for employment in major theaters of war (MTW) and capable of transitioning rapidly between, or simultaneously performing, offense, defense, stability, and support actions. Its tailorable structure provides the corps with these capabilities, especially when required to operate from split bases. Improved connectivity to joint, and if required to multinational, forces enable the Corps XXI to bring the full weight of the joint or multinational team to bear at the appropriate time throughout the depth, width, and height of any area of operations (AO). While organized in a joint staff manner, the corps command and control will operate along Universal Joint Task List (UJTL) functional areas.

e. The Corps XXI conducts information operations to gain superior situational understanding and windows of information superiority to support decisive operations; and to improve the synergy of joint and multinational operations in both digital and analog environments. Superior situational understanding is available through information systems that facilitate the execution of decisive, shaping, and sustainment operations across all dimensions of the corps AO.

f. The Corps XXI design incorporates the battlefield distribution (BD) management concept. BD is based upon unity of command, increased velocity, situational understanding, and an agile combat service support (CSS) structure. Centralized BD at each echelon optimizes the distribution infrastructure and leverages real-time information. The principles of maximum throughput with follow-on sustainment bypasses intermediate support nodes and minimizes handling with increased distribution velocity. BD anticipates the CSS requirements to get the optimum sustainment possible in the distribution system, in support of corps forces (See Annex B).

g. The Corps XXI must be capable of simultaneous employment and deployment. Its flexible and modular design speeds the process of force tailoring, while its CSS capabilities allow it to control or support, reception, staging, onward movement, and integration (RSOI) at the lodgment base or in an intermediate staging base (ISB) within a joint operational area (JOA).

h. The Corps XXI provides dedicated support to subordinate units that passed functions back during their redesign. This increases its reliance on the use of reserve component (RC) units, contractors, and foreign nation support (FNS) whenever possible or required.

3. Assumptions.

a. The Corps XXI is designed to fight as a tactical unit, subordinate to an army force (ARFOR), a joint task force (JTF), or a joint force land component command (JFLCC) in any environment across the full range of military operations.

b. The Corps XXI has the capability to function as an ARFOR (without Army Service Component Command (ASCC) responsibilities), a JTF or JFLCC, if properly augmented with additional assets/units, to include CSS, air defense (AD), fires, psychological operations (PSYOP), civil military operations (CMO), public affairs (PA), and intelligence. The corps must be capable of transitioning through the variations of echelons above corps headquarters (EAC HQ) sequentially, or performing some EAC HQ functions simultaneously based on the factors of METT-TC.

c. The corps HHC will not normally require additional army augmentation (from outside its base) to function as one of these HQs. The corps HQ will require army augmentation to act as an ARFOR performing ASCC tasks and some combination of joint (Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and others) augmentation to fully perform all JTF or JFLCC tasks. The Corps may augment itself with specific capabilities from the corps subordinate brigades based on METT-TC factors.

d. The Corps XXI will be tailored for all missions. Its C2, combat, combat support (CS), and CSS structure can be tailored in a variety of packages to support specific missions in any environment, especially when operating from split bases.

e. All current joint and multinational support agreements remain in effect.

4. Mission. The Corps XXI conducts operations with joint, interagency, or multinational forces, facilitated by information superiority across the full range of military operations, in a MTW or small-scale contingency, against any threat, in any assigned AO. Corps operations may include a mixture of offense, defense, stability, and support actions executed sequentially or simultaneously.

5. Air Land Dominance. The Corps XXI achieves Air Land Dominance by executing tasks in the distributed operations end of the operations continuum. Corps XXI distributed operations consist of the functions and activities executed simultaneously or sequentially throughout the depth, width, and height of the AO. The Corps XXI seeks to conduct multiple simultaneous operations that combine the effects of its subordinate units to overwhelm any adversary, preventing him from responding effectively. Improved situational understanding allows greater precision in attacking multiple decisive points defeating enemy functional systems and eliminating specific enemy capabilities. Corps XXI distributed operations use the operational framework of decisive, shaping, and sustainment operations. Corps XXI operations within this framework include:

a. Decisive Operations. Those actions that apply simultaneous, overwhelming military capabilities directly at decisive points. They require the precise integration and application of military power throughout the AO. The Corps XXI decisive operations include:

(1) Conduct offensive and defensive actions in cooperation with joint, interagency, or multinational forces to strike the enemy simultaneously or sequentially, and when possible, asymmetrically at multiple decisive points to gain operational results significant to the JFC’s campaign objectives.

(2) Conduct maneuver and fires, including close combat, to destroy or neutralize decisive points or to control land areas, including local populations and resources.

b. Shaping Operations. All actions taken before the enemy can bring forces to bear at decisive points and set the conditions for decisive operations. Their goals are to reduce or eliminate the enemy’s ability to resist in a coherent manner before he can commit his forces to decisive operations. Corps XXI shaping operations include:

(1) Command and Control the execution of joint or multinational combined arms operations that orchestrate subordinate units to set the conditions to accomplish operational objectives.

(2) Support subordinate units’ operations with reconnaissance and security forces, C2, intelligence, fires, information operations, aviation, air defense, chemical, military police, combat engineers, and reserves.

(3) Conduct shaping operations, facilitated by situational understanding, to set the conditions for decisive operations using maneuver forces, information operations, fires, intelligence, and other assets.

(4) Conduct operational shaping to employ the full range of military power as or subordinate to an ARFOR, JTF, or JFLCC.

(5) Conduct stability or support actions with all or part of its subordinate units, simultaneously or sequentially with operations designed to achieve supporting offensive and defensive purposes, to establish the conditions for the successful execution of diplomatic and economic initiatives, agreements or treaties as directed by the JFC, in a joint, interagency, and multinational C2 structure.

(6) Conduct information operations to degrade the enemy’s command and control, communication, computers, and intelligence (C4I) system, protect friendly C4I, and affect the perceptions of other target audiences in support of decisive operations.

(7) Allocate resources (from US forces, contractors, FNS, multinational) to subordinate units to provide capabilities not resident within those forces to reinforce capabilities already on hand.

(8) Support the transition from one type of action to another to operate in various environments (urban, mountainous, jungle, and desert), and to operate effectively in joint, interagency, and multinational environments.

c. Sustainment Operations. Those actions taken to protect and ensure the functioning of the corps and its subordinate units, to ensure freedom of action. Corps XXI actions in sustainment operations include:

(1) CSS.

(2) Terrain management.

(3) Exercise movement and traffic control.

(4) Secure sustainment areas and LOC, including C2 of the corps Tactical Combat Force.

6. Specific Capabilities. This paragraph contains the specific required capabilities of the Corps XXI as described in the Army’s Universal Task List (AUTL). The Corps XXI performs tactical tasks when subordinate to a theater or numbered army, and operational tasks when acting as an ARFOR, JTF, or as a JFLCC. The execution of operational level tasks requires augmentation from army, joint, interagency, or multinational forces. An organic army cadre will develop joint training requirements detailing the exercises, tactics, techniques, procedures, and structure necessary to perform operational functions upon augmentation.

a. Deploy/Conduct Maneuver.

(1) Operational tasks:

(a) Plan and control the movement and maneuver of joint and multinational conventional and special operations forces.

(b) Conduct and synchronize decisive campaigns or major operations, including close combat, to seize or retain terrain, or defeat or destroy enemy forces.

(c) Conduct security missions.

(d) Conduct ground and air reconnaissance and surveillance.

(e) Plan and provide mobility and countermobility.

(f) Plan and provide general engineering and terrain visualization.

(g) Plan and execute population, prisoners of war, and straggler control.

(h) Conduct or assist entry operations, both opposed and unopposed, when properly resourced.

(i) Control or assist RSOI.

(j) Establish, protect, and secure lines of communications.

(k) Plan, execute, or assist in enforcing sanctions, embargoes, or blockades.

(2) Tactical tasks:

(a) Tailor combined arms forces employing combinations of artillery, attack aviation, and cavalry supported by CS and CSS to conduct decisive and shaping operations throughout the AO.

(b) Integrate aviation and ground maneuver.

(c) Conduct aviation missions.

(d) Augment subordinate unit’s engineer capability.

(e) Plan and provide mobility and countermobility.

(f) Plan and provide general engineering and terrain visualization.

b. Develop Intelligence.

(1) Operational Tasks:

(a) Develop intelligence requirements based on the commander’s concept of the operation and intent which can be satisfied by national, joint, multinational or organic intelligence data bases or through collection by national, theater, multinational or organic intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets.

(b) Plan the use of corps or JFC ISR assets from a central organization to integrate all functional area producers of intelligence to gain superior situational understanding and develop windows of information superiority to support shaping decisive and sustainment operations.

(c) Access joint force, multinational, and national ISR assets and control them based on METT-TC.

(d) Enable a holistic understanding of ISR capabilities (organic and non-organic). This requires an ISR integration cell whose primary mission is to conduct dynamic tasking and retasking, asset management, visualize all ISR capabilities (location and feeds) by echelon, and provide "Now Battle" updates to enroute and engaged forces.

(2) Tactical Tasks:

(a) Conduct battle damage assessment to include analytical assessment of the enemy capabilities and intentions.

(b) Provide all-source intelligence from a collaborative environment with the capability to access and leverage National, EAC and ECB analysis, data bases and collection assets. Which supports the overall battlefield visualization and the commander’s CCIR.

(c) Provide all subordinate units with continuous near real-time intelligence concerning the corps’ AO or area of interest.

(d) Support information operations by providing relevant information to understand red and blue’s center of gravity and their associated capabilities and vulnerabilities. This data enables effective employment of computer network protect and computer network attack actions. These capabilities will seldom be organic to Corps but will be augmented with EAC and National assets.

(e) Control all attached and augmenting intelligence assets, organizations, and personnel supporting the corps.

(f) Receive augmentation from EAC and national collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination systems and personnel based on METT-TC to operate fully in the corps AO.

(g) Provide tailored, cross-functional area ISR teams to subordinate units based on METT-TC to provide focused understanding, and increased survivability in the corps AO.

(h) Provide a robust human intelligence and counter-intelligence capability with embedded staff capabilities to leverage National HUMINT capabilities and integrated with organic CI/HUMINT capabilities.

(i) Acquire signature access through unmanned and robotic sensor reducing the number of soldiers vulnerable to hostile action and allowing those signatures to be worked in collaborative analytical environment from National, EAC and organic assets.

(j) Provide support to force protection operations with threat, weather, and environmental intelligence.

(k) Provide police intelligence.

c. Employ (Operational) Firepower.

(1) Operational Tasks.

(a) Conduct Joint Force targeting through the identification and selection of land, sea, space, and air targets (such as WMD targets) that decisively impact campaigns and major operations. Interact with Force Commanders, other services and coalition partners through the joint targeting process to achieve total force targeting throughout the battlespace.

(1) Establish the Joint Force Commander’s guidance and priorities for targeting and identification of requirements by land, sea, and air components and coalition partners. Ensure that lethal and non-lethal targeting processes are synchronized to achieve comprehensive, synergistic effects throughout JOA.

(2) Recommend for assignment, the operational firepower means to operational targets consistent with the JFC’s plan and intent.

(3) Develop, evaluate, and select operational targets for attack to achieve optimum effect on enemy decisive points and centers of gravity.

(4) Prioritize high-payoff and high-value targets.

(5) Conduct operational combat assessment. Conduct timely and accurate estimate of damage resulting from the application of lethal and non-lethal military force. Evaluate damage from munitions and the overall impact and effectiveness of operations against the enemy.

(6) Develop fire support coordination measures and procedures to assist in the C2 of Joint forces fire support coordination.

(b) Attack operational-level targets; shape and control the tempo of campaigns using all available joint and multinational operational firepower.

(1) Plan and execute PSYOP operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals.

(2) Suppress enemy air defenses through coordinated, integrated, and synchronized attacks.

(3) Interdict operational forces/targets through coordinated, integrated, and synchronized actions that divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military potential before it can be used effectively against friendly forces conducting campaigns and major operations in an operational area.

(4) Engage operational land, sea, air, and space targets with available joint and multinational operational firepower delivery systems.

(5) Synchronize and integrate operational attacks on single or multiple operational targets at the decisive time and place.

(2) Tactical Tasks.

(a) Process surface tactical targets and determine the desired effects.

(1) Systematically coordinate reconnaissance and surveillance of a defined area.

(2) Detect targets and determine location of targets on the AO.

(3) Identify targets. Discriminate among recognizable objects as being friendly or enemy.

(4) Analyze each target to determine if and when it should be attacked.

(5) Determine the appropriate attack system for a particular target.

(6) Develop order to fire to the selected lethal or non-lethal attack system.

(7) Conduct tactical combat assessment. Determine the overall effectiveness of force employment during tactical military operations

(b) Conduct fire support and coordinated employment of the fires.

(1) Use effects delivery systems to cause casualties to troops or to destroy materiel and equipment. (lethal fire support)

a) Apply indirect fire effects delivery systems to delay, disrupt, destroy, suppress or neutralize enemy equipment.

b) Request the employment of Army, Navy, Marine and Air Force aircraft and other systems to deliver rocket, cannon and missile fires, and bombs on enemy surface positions.

c) Employ aircraft in support of land operations by attacking hostile targets close to friendly ground forces.

(2) Employ means designed to impair the performance of enemy personnel and equipment. (non-lethal fire support)

a) Use planned PSYOPS activities conducted as part of combat operations, or of stability and support operations to bring psychological pressure to bear on enemy forces and civilians under enemy control.

b) Degrade enemy equipment performance or render the equipment ineffective for its intended use.

(c) Conduct Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses. Neutralize, destroy or temporarily degrade enemy air defense systems.

d. Perform Logistics and CSS.

(1) Operational Tasks:

(a) Control all sustainment units subordinate to the corps.

(b) Provide CSS to both digital and analog corps units.

(c) Conduct centralized CSS using the centralized distribution management system.

(d) Conduct CSS from split bases.

(e) Employ flexible modular units to mass CSS to the force.

(f) Capitalize on enabling technologies to increase the velocity in the distribution system.

(g) Provide movement control in corps AO or JOA, especially total asset visibility of CSS assets before, during and after all operations.

(h) Support the redeployment of forces.

(i) Provide contractor, HN, NGO-PVO, and multi-agency transition support.

(j) Provide human resources support that includes: civilian personnel management, military personnel management, resource management, finance services, records management, public affairs, legal support, and chaplain activities.

(k) Perform reconstitution.

(l) Provide combat health support.

(m) Build and maintain sustainment bases.

(n) Provide support to other nations, groups, or governments.

(2) Tactical Tasks:

(a) Provide tactical CSS to both digital and analog corps units.

(b) Provide CSS for logistics functions passed back during the subordinate unit redesign.

(c) Anticipate the maneuver commander’s CSS needs and redirect, mass, and shift CSS assets to locations on the battlefield where they are most needed.

e. Exercise Command and Control.

(1) Operational tasks:

(a) Integrate all functional elements of the corps or joint and multinational forces to plan, prepare, and execute the full range of operations.

(b) Plan and provide command and control for up to seven major maneuver subordinate commands in addition to other corps subordinate units, including joint and multinational forces.

(c) Integrate, orchestrate, or synchronize joint, interagency, and multinational capabilities within the corps AO when acting as a JTF, JFLCC, or ARFOR.

(d) Operate an Effects Control Center (ECC) to orchestrate the effects of joint, multinational and tactical firepower and command and control organic fires assets.

(e) Manage the information system and provide the common operational picture to subordinate units in the corps or JTF C2 structure as well as to higher and adjacent forces.

(f) Plan and execute operations and integrate the use of all applicable C4/IT to achieve information superiority and superior situational understanding in all corps operations.

(2) Tactical Tasks:

(a) Provide C4/IT support for corps subordinate units command posts.

(b) Provide liaison teams – as JTF, JFLCC, and ARFOR – to adjacent forces (analog and digital).

(c) Provide secure, robust, and survivable communications networks for voice, data, and video.

(d) Provide information assurance by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities.

f. Protect the Force.

(1) Operational Tasks:

(a) Provide operational air and space defense.

(b) Provide protection for operational forces, means and noncombatants.

(c) Protect systems and capabilities in JOA.

(d) Conduct deception.

(e) Provide security for operational forces and means.

(2) Tactical Tasks:

(a) Conduct air and missile defense.

(b) Protect against hazards in the AO.

(c) Employ operations security.

(d) Conduct deception in support of tactical operations.

(e) Conduct local security.

(f) Conduct populace and resource control.

Resettle refugees.

(g) Conduct internment operations.

(h) Rescue, evacuate, and recover military and civilian personnel.

(i) Maintain law and order, and provide assistance to joint and multinational law enforcement elements.

Annex B: Corps XXI CSS Concept (Draft)

Purpose. To provide the Combat Service Support (CSS) operations and organizational concept of support for the Force XXI Corps.


The Force XXI Corps will rely upon a revolution in CSS to achieve success on the battlefield. This requires an immediate and dramatic change in three functional domains: technology application and acquisition agility, force projection, and force sustainment. These changes enable a Corps that can project combat power rapidly into any part of the world, with a correlating sustainment system that achieves its objectives in time, speed, survivability, supply availability, and anticipatory support. The ability to integrate emerging technologies and enabling systems is essential to the process of obtaining efficiency and effectiveness in operations. The overarching result is the right CSS, at the right place, at the right time, in the right quantity.

The CSS community’s recent development of the Theater Battlefield Distribution (BD) concept is based upon unity of command, increased velocity, situational understanding, and an agile CSS structure. Centralized BD management at each echelon will optimize the distribution infrastructure and leverage real-time information. The principles of maximum throughput with follow-on sustainment bypasses intermediate support nodes and minimizes handling with increased distribution velocity. BD anticipates the CSS requirements in an effort to get the optimum sustainment possible in the distribution pipeline in support of maneuver forces.

The central organization for the execution of the BD concept is the Distribution Management Center (DMC). The DMC is established at all levels in the theater of operations. The DMC monitors the BD pipeline using emerging technologies and enabling systems, which provide total asset visibility (TAV) including the important intransit visibility systems. These systems allow precise execution of the Corps Commander’s established priorities of support. Therefore, the strategy for implementing BD revolves around achieving maximum throughput with anticipatory and predictive CSS while continuing to minimize the CSS footprint. This Force XXI strategy serves as the foundation for future doctrine, training, leader development, organizations, materiel, and soldier support (DTLOMS).

The BD concept is predicated on the availability of secured and survivable communications. This gives CSS managers a common operational picture of the intelligence situation and ensures that the emerging technologies are available to maintain asset visibility and conduct traffic management. Force protection requirements along LOCs may increase due to a potential increase in the size of the Corps AO. The integration of CSS units, Military Police, Engineers, Air Defense Artillery, and combat units into a Corps rear area protection plan is required to ensure survival of CSS in the extended battlespace.


The Corps CSS units conduct sustainment operations across the breadth and depth of the battlefield utilizing BD and situational understanding to assist in providing responsive CSS to all units. CSS units must be capable of sustaining and communicating with both analog and digital forces, utilizing a distribution based logistics system on an asymmetrical battlefield, while providing daily resupply and services over an extended AO. The Force XXI Corps CSS units must be modular, flexible, provide seamless rapid support, and have centralized distribution management. CSS managers must have immediate access to timely and accurate CSS situational awareness to ensure the optimal utilization of available assets. Additionally, Corps CSS units will provide support for those logistics functions that were "passed back" from the Force XXI (Heavy) Division.

Corps CSS units must plan and execute support to early entry and reception, staging, onward movement and integration (RSO&I) operations. The development of the CSS force structure will be guided by key drivers: time/distance factors, mode availability, node capacity, supply availability, and information/anticipatory CSS capacity. The EAD design will incorporate centralized BD and hub and spoke concepts.

Corps CSS units will provide sustainment through a number of multi-functional and tailorable support groups comprised mostly of functional units. These groups provide support both on an area and dedicated basis. To accomplish the Corps CSS sustainment mission, units must have recommended enabler systems that allow increased situational understanding, provide TAV, and maximize throughput, in order to reduce the overall CSS footprint.

Support of Corps operations relies heavily on reserve component CSS units, and the increase in the number of digital systems will create a greater reliance on contractor maintenance support in the Corps’ AO. Regionally available contractor support will also be used to the maximum extent possible.

Perform Logistics and Combat Service Support in the Army Universal Task List Format (Art. 4).

Provide Arms (TA 4.1). The Force XXI Corps will maximize the use of Strategic Configured Loads (SCL) prepared in CONUS based on the combatant commander’s requirements. The SCL will move to the consumer with minimal handling. The SCL can be converted to Mission Configured Loads (MCL) in theater based on METT-TC.

Provide Fuel (Art. 4.2). Responsive supply of bulk class III is critical to the success of the Force XXI Corps on the battlefield. Petroleum units will establish a support base for receiving, temporarily storing, providing quality assurance, and distributing petroleum to petroleum supply units. The integration of digitization and automation will enhance the logisticians TAV of fuel.

Fix Equipment (Art. 4.3). The Force XXI maintenance concept is replace forward, repair rearward. Modular maintenance units will provide area support to non-divisional units and back-up and reinforcing support to divisional units for ground, air, and medical maintenance. The integration of technology such as on-system sensors, and enhanced Test, Measurement & Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE), to predict and diagnose equipment and system failures is focused on increasing readiness and reducing class IX stocks. The multi-capable mechanic enhances repair of equipment and speeds weapons systems return to the battlefield.

Provide Personnel Support (Art. 4.4).

Military Personnel Management (MPM). MPM support for Force XXI is focused on Manning the Force and taking care of the individual soldier. Its support to the Corps relies upon emerging technologies that provide situational understanding, asset visibility, predictive modeling, and exception reporting provided by secure, robust, and survivable communications and STAMIS. Manning the Force requires planning and executing critical tasks to predict, resource, monitor, assess, and adjust the personnel strength of the force. Force XXI manning will focus on unit instead of replacement point capabilities. It combines anticipation, movement, and skillful positioning of personnel assets. Personnel units are modular in design to facilitate tailoring of MPM support to reduce the footprint on the battlefield as well as to maintain functional command and control of Title 10 MPM support from the national provider level to the individual soldier. The realignment of MPM doctrine into three functions (personnel manning, personnel services, and personnel support) enhances modular personnel unit operations. It also incorporates previously considered nondeployable TDA functions into MPM support across the spectrum of operations, particularly during early entry and split base operations. MPM support to the Corps will require augmentation from EAC when the Corps is operating as an ASCC, ARFOR, JTF, or JFLCC.

Finance Services and Resource Management. The Force XXI finance mission is to fund Army, joint, and combined operations, and to provide timely commercial vendor and contract payments, pay and disbursing services, banking and currency services and accounting support on an area basis. Emerging technologies and enablers will afford finance organizations the capability to provide support throughout the spectrum of operations. When the Corps is designated as an ASCC, ARFOR, JTF, or JFLCC, the Corps’ Finance Group receives and integrates theater-level augmentation assets from the ASCC Finance command to execute Title 10 and 31 financial management responsibilities.

Legal. Force XXI Judge Advocate support employs technological enablers to coordinate legal resources found in the Corps headquarters and subordinate units. Sustainment (i.e., administrative and contract law, claims) and personnel support (i.e., legal assistance, criminal law) functions are consolidated to gain economies of scale while legal support of command and control (i.e., operational law) is distributed to the lowest level of command practical. Situational understanding allows the Corps Staff Judge Advocate to weight efforts as necessary to facilitate delivery of the full spectrum of legal services.

Religious Support. In future operational environments, the overarching religious support mission will not change. The tactics and techniques for meeting the mission objectives, however, will change. The Corps Unit Ministry Team (UMT) develops plans and guidance for religious activities for military operations and ensures effective use of UMT personnel and resources on the Force XXI battlefield. The cumulative affect of Air Land Dominance on a noncontiguous battlefield will increase the spiritual, psychological, and interpersonal demands placed upon the Corps’ soldiers. Technology can provide additional means to plan, coordinate, and execute religious support to address these demands, but the personal delivery of religious support by the UMT will be imperative.

Perform Field Services Support (Art. 4.5). Force XXI Field Services Support (Aerial Delivery, Laundry and Shower, Mortuary Affairs, and Force Provider) encompasses the capabilities of flexibility, modularity, throughput distribution, split-based operations, and intransit/total asset visibility. Field Services employ the use of automation and materiel enablers to facilitate soldier support and comfort, through the use of improved laundry and shower systems, modular force provider sets, enhanced remains identification/handling/and distribution, and advanced aerial delivery systems. The increased speed and lethality of the FXXI battlefield necessitates a change in the quality of life support to soldiers.

Provide Combat Health Support (Art. 4.6). Force XXI Combat Health Support (CHS) is responsive, split-base capable, rapidly deployable, and operationally agile. Emerging technologies and enablers will seamlessly flow the ten functional areas (i.e., evacuation, logistics/blood, area support /medical treatment, preventive medicine, hospitalization, laboratory, dental services, veterinary services, combat stress control, and command and control) into support of Corps operations from MTW through SASO. Medical logistics functions will capitalize on the efficiencies gained by the battlefield distribution system. CHS packages are tailorable to fit the operation. New levels of effectiveness will allow the AMEDD to focus on three key "characteristics" (i.e., a healthy and fit force, focused casualty and injury prevention, and efficient casualty care and management – to include enhanced enroute care).

Provide Movement Services (Art. 4.7). Force XXI operations with improved situational understanding allow maneuver forces to move with greater speed and precision. Force XXI operations synchronize movements to maximize combat commander’s ability to achieve positional advantage through situational understanding and exploit the tactical situation. Operations executed over extended distances and a responsive theater distribution system require centralized control of transportation platforms and synchronized movement management allowing commanders to shift limited transportation resources to influence the tactical situation.

Supply the Force (Art. 4.8).

Sustainment materiel for the Force XXI Corps will flow from the strategic sustaining base through a seamless distribution system, bypassing routine warehouse/storage facilities whenever possible.

Contingency Contracting. Force XXI contracting support employs technological enablers to coordinate contingency contracting resources located within the COSCOM and subordinate units. Contracting functions are consolidated to eliminate competition for scarce resources, augment Corps CSS assets from commercial sources in accordance with priorities established by the Corps and COSCOM commanders, and gain economies of scale through efficient use of contracting personnel to support the Corps’ requirements. The Corps contracting chief applies METT-TC to orchestrate available contracting assets with military CSS, Regionally Available Commercial Support, and the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) to sustain the Corps. Situational understanding allows the Corps contracting chief to weight efforts to facilitate the provision of the full spectrum of locally procured supplies, services, and minor construction from the commercial economy.

5. Protect the Force (Art. 6), Protect Against Hazards in AO (Art. 6.2). Provide Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Support (Art. 6.22.2). Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) companies are modular organizations tailored to handle modern unexploded ordnance (UXO) in the Corps AO.