Army National Guard Division Redesign
As many associated with the military know, the majority of the force structure is contained in the reserve components. This is especially true in the Army. Over the years, the Army's structure has changed in personnel numbers, numbers and types of organizations, and missions. As recently as fiscal year (FY) 1994, the Army Reserve was restructured significantly by converting the vast majority of its combat units to combat serv-ice (CS) and combat service support (CSS) units. This resulted in approximately 56 percent of the total remaining combat units being in the Army National Guard (ARNG). It is in these units that the next major reserve component force structure change is to take place. This change will result from the ARNG Division Redesign Study (ADRS) (not to be confused with the active Army's division redesign).
Total Army Analysis 2003 (TAA03) estimated a CS and CSS shortfall of approximately 124,800 in the number of spaces required to meet the National Military Strategy. The congressionally appointed Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces recommended in May 1995 that "Reserve component forces with lower priority tasks should be eliminated or reorganized to fill force shortfalls in higher priority areas." The Guard ADRS program, which was approved by the Secretary of the Army on 23 May 1996, reduces the Army's CS and CSS force shortfall. The ARNG plan converts up to 12 lower priority ARNG combat brigades and slice elements from 2 divisions to the required CS and CSS structure during FY's 1999 to 2009.
Pre- and Post-Design Configuration
The current ARNG division and brigade force structure consists of 8 divisions, 15 enhanced separate brigades (eSB's), and 3 separate brigades. When the ADRS is completed, the ARNG will consist of three divisions as presently configured; three divisions that have an eSB (which displaces a maneuver brigade in the division); two AC/ARNG integrated divisions, one each at Fort Riley, Kansas, and Fort Carson, Colorado (each having three eSB's); two composite divisions formed by reconfiguring two existing ARNG divisions; and six stand-alone composite brigades.
Proposed Conversion Plan
The ADRS conversion plan is a four-phased process beginning in FY 2001 and ending in FY 2009. Phase I, which involves 3 brigades, begins in FY 2001 and ends in FY 2005. The brigades to be converted are the 2d Brigade, 40th Infantry Division; 67th Brigade, 35th Infantry Division; and 2d Brigade, 38th Infantry Division. All units being converted were volunteered by their states. The three brigades to be converted in Phase II, which takes place during FY 2003 to FY 2005, are yet to be determined. Phases III and IV will convert two divisions in the FY 2005 to FY 2009 timeframe.
Many ARNG officers and senior noncommissioned officers (NCO's) are qualified in two or more branches or military occupational specialties (MOS's). Conducting reclassification training for them presents a significant challenge because of the sheer numbers involved. For example, during Phase I there are 6,580 total training requirements. Almost 85 percent (5,565) of the training requirements are contained in 11 MOS's. ADRS expects the Total Army School System (TASS) to be key to the successful conversion effort, since most training will be conducted at reserve component TASS battalions. Training assumptions for ADRS are
· Units will be targeted to train 100 percent of their reclassified soldiers to be qualified in their duty MOS's.
· Cross-leveling between units will not take place because of geographic dispersion.
· Units currently under strength will recruit to 100-percent strength.
· Sixty percent of new recruits will have previous service and will require reclassification training.
· A 1-year carrier unit identification code is approved.
· Seventy percent of the training will be conducted in the carrier year, and 30 percent will be conducted in the execution year.
· Personnel holding an MOS (duty, primary, or secondary) needed in a new unit will be assigned against that position and not require reclassification training.
· Many officers will have to undergo some sort of branch-qualification training. The proponent schools are developing web-based instruction to accommodate this requirement. Transportation Corps branch qualification training is already on line, and Quartermaster branch qualification should be available on line this summer.
Because the officers who require branch-qualification training are coming from combat backgrounds and there is no cross-leveling between units, the Guard faces another significant training challenge. Not only must these officers be branch qualified, but it is critical that they also attend a multifunctional logistics course of some type. Courses currently available to meet this requirement include the Support Operations Course, the Reserve Component Multifunctional CSS Course, the Associate Logistics Executive Development Course, and the Combined Logistics Captains Career Course.
Each of the four phases of ADRS is to be executed as a stand-alone program that is funded in six resourcing areas
· Equipping: Provides funds for issuing new equipment to the activating units.
· Training: Includes the cost of both branch and MOS and new equipment training.
· Installations: Used primarily to fund facilities such as maintenance areas, armories, storage areas, and the changes required to accommodate the new equipment. Training area utilization also is affected.
· Sustainment: Covers the costs associated with operations and maintenance requirement changes, second-destination charges (where the new equipment is inspected is not necessarily its final destination), and bringing equipment up to 10/20 standards.
· Manning: Includes additional expenditures for turn-in and issue, program management, and training.
· Environmental: Covers expenses associated with spill-prevention measures for fuel and other toxic substances.
Phase I is programmed to cost $737.3 million, including $406 million for equipping; $138.3 million for training; $158 million for installations; and $35 million for environmental compliance.
Title 10 Tour Opportunities
The ARNG has positions open in the Title 10 Active Guard Reserve Tour Program. There are opportunities in many fields for both officers and NCO's, especially those in CSS branches and MOS's. For more information about the Title 10 program, contact the Assistant Chief of Staff, ARNG, Army Combined Arms Support Command, Fort Lee, Virginia, at (804) 734-0426 or DSN 687-0426, or send an e-mail to [email protected] ALOG
Lieutenant Colonel Bernard F. Veronee, Jr., Active Guard/Reserve, is the Deputy Assistant Commandant, Army National Guard, at the Army Logistics Management College at Fort Lee, Virginia. He is a graduate of the Armor Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Army Command and General Staff College, the Reserve Component Multifunctional CSS Course, the Transportation Officer Qualification Course, and the Army Logistics Management College's Associate Logistics Executive Development Course. He has a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of Richmond and a master's degree in education from Virginia State University.