CHAPTER 6: OPFOR Defensive Operations
6-3 TERRAIN CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DEFENSE.
METT-T considerations are critical to the success of any OPFOR defense. The OPFOR must examine the BLUFOR situation, since the BLUFOR and his weapons systems influence the mix of weapons the OPFOR must use and the preparation needed. Whenever possible, OPFOR units select positions to take advantage of the terrain's protective features. The OPFOR selects defensive positions behind natural obstacles (mountains, trees, and thick vegetation) or in man-made terrain features that provide cover and concealment and a good field of view of the approaching opponent.
Establishing the defense when in contact with the BLUFOR limits the OPFOR's ability to prepare a good fighting position and provide cover and concealment from BLUFOR fire and observation. If the terrain permits, the OPFOR should use a reverse slope defense. Part of the force remains in contact with the BLUFOR on the forward slope, while the remainder of the force prepares the position on the reverse slope.
The advantages of a reverse slope defense include:
Limiting or preventing BLUFOR's observation of the defensive position.
Attacking forces are not able to receive direct fire support from following forces.
BLUFOR's long-range antitank (AT) fires are not effective.
Attacking force silhouettes itself crossing the crest of the hill.
Engineers can conduct their work out of direct fire and observation from the BLUFOR.
The disadvantage of a reverse slope defense is that weapon systems cannot exploit their maximum range. When possible, the OPFOR would use both a forward and a reverse slope defense to take maximum advantage of the terrain.
|Any changes from the 1998 OPFOR Battle
Book are depicted in GREEN printing. Last updated on 01 March, 1999
For any comments, additions, deletions, or modifications for this Battle Book contact LTC Bill Bryan.