CHAPTER 3: Weapons and Equipment


Section IV: Artillery

Mortar

60-mm M-57

82-mm 2B9 automatic

82-mm 2B14-1 Podnos

120-mm 2B11/2S12

120-mm M1943

range, conventional (km)

75-2500

100-5000

80-4270

460-7100

500-5700

extended range      

9000

 
ammunition types

HE
Illumination
Smoke

HE-Frag
HEAT
Smoke
Incendiary
Illumination
Chemical

HE-Frag
Illumination
smoke

HE-Frag
Smoke
Incendiary
Illumination
Chemical
IRTHSM
DPICM-ER
DPICM
HEAT

HE
HE-Frag
Smoke
Illumination
Incendiary
Chemical

rate of fire (rpm) maximum

30

100

24

10

9

sustained  

300 first hour

   

70 first hour

elevation (degrees)

40 to 85

-1 to 85

45 to 85

45 to 80

45 to 80

traverse (degrees)  

20

8

5, 26 moving bipod

6 total

mount type  

split-trail carriage, w/emplacement jack

 

baseplate & tripod or GAZ-66 truck

baseplate & tripod

basic load      

48

 
emplacement/displacement time (min)  

varies

 

3/3

Varies

weight (kg)

19.4

645

41800

3640

521.5 total, 283.5 firing position

crew

2

3

4

5

6

remarks  

The 2B9 is a breech-loaded, recoil-operated mortar using a 4-round clip.
Not shown.

Muzzle-loaded, smoothbore, man-packed mortar.

 

Not shown

 

Towed Artillery

152-mm 2A36 Field Gun

152-mm 2A65 Howitzer

152-mm D-20 Gun-Howitzer

range, conventional (km)

28.5

6.5-24.7

17.4

extended range

44

28.9

20.5

direct fire      
rate of fire (rpm), burst

6

8

6

sustained

1

1

1

ammunition type

HE
HE-BB
HE-Frag
ICM
APT
concrete piercing,
chemical
nuclear
Krasnopol
semi-active laser-guided

HE-Frag
ICM
Illumination
Krasnopol
Santimeter
Smoke
VHF jammer
Chemical
nuclear

HE-Frag
HEAT-SS
Smoke
Chemical
Nuclear
Illumination
Flechette
Mines
Incendiary
CP
RAP
incendiary

elevation (degrees)

-2.5 to 57

-3.5 to 70

-5 to 45

traverse (degrees)

25

-27

58

emplace/displace time (min)

5/10

2

2.5/2.5

speed towing, road (kph)

80

80

60

off road

45

20

15

prime mover  

Ural-4320

AT-S track, MTLB-T, Ural-375, Ural-4320

weight (kg)

9800

7000

5700

length (m), travel position    

8.89

width (m)    

2.317

height (m)    

2.52

crew    

8

remarks

ICM round penetration is 100-mm.

   

 

Towed Artillery

122-mm D-30 Howitzer

130-mm M-46 Gun

155-mm G5 (SA)

range, conventional (km)

4-15.3

27.15

30

extended range

21.9

 

39

direct fire  

1.14

5

rate of fire (rpm), burst

8

8

3

sustained

4

5

2

ammunition type

HE-Frag
HEAT-FS
Kitolov-2M
Chemical
Illumination
Smoke
HE-Frag-RAP
Flechette
incendiary

HE-Frag
APC-T
Smoke
Illumination
chemical

HE-Frag
smoke, illumination
Leaflet
submunitions

elevation (degrees)

-7 to 70

-2.5 to 45

-3 to 75

traverse (degrees)

360

50

82

emplace/displace time (min)

1.5-2.5/1.5-2.5

6/7

2

speed towing, road (kph)

60

50

90

off road

25

20

16

prime mover

MTLB-T, ZIL-131, ZIL-157, Ural-375D

AT-P tractor, AT-S track, ATS-59 tractor, M-1972 medium artillery tractor

10-ton vehicle

weight (kg)

3210

8450

13750

length (m), travel position  

11.73

11.4

width (m)  

2.45

3.3

height (m)  

2.55

2.3

crew

8

8

5

remarks

HEAT round penetration is 460 mm.

Variants: Type 59 & 59-1 of China, M59-1M of Egypt

in service in Iran, Iraq, south Africa, Quatar

 

Self-Propelled Artillery

122-mm
2S1 Howitzer

152-mm
2S3 Howitzer

152-mm 2S5 Gun

203-mm 2S7 Gun

range, conventional (km)

15.3

4-17.3

28.5

37.5

extended range

21.9

24

50

55

direct fire

1

     
ammunition type

DPICM-ER
DPICM
HEAT
smoke
HE-Frag
HE-Frag-RAP
illumination
incendiary
chemical
Flechette
Kitolov semi-active laser-guided

HE-Frag
HEAT-FS
HE-Frag-RA
DPICM
DPICM-BB
APT
Illumination
Smoke
0.2 kt nuclear
chemical
incendiary
Flechette
AT mine
AP mine
TV recon
Jammer
Krasnapol

APT
chemical
concrete piercing
HE
HE-Frag
ICM
Flechette
Illumination
Smoke
Krasnopol & Santimeter semi-active laser-guided
nuclear

concrete piercing
HE
HE-Frag
HE-RAP
DPICM

elevation (degrees)

-3 to 70

-4 to 60

-3 to 68

0 to 60

traverse (degrees)

360

360

30

30

rate of fire (rpm) maximum

6

6

6

2.5

sustained

5

4

2

1.5

basic load

40

46

30

8

emplace/displace time (min)

1/1

1/1

2/2

5-6/3-5

weight (mt)

15.7

27.5

28.2

46

speed, road (kph)

70

63

63

50

off road

32

30

15.5

 
swim (kph)

5

     
road range

500

500

500

650

trench crossing (m)

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

vertical step (m)

1.1

1

1

 
grade (degrees)

35

31

30

22

side slope (degrees)

25

17

25

12

ground clearance (mm)

395

450

450

400

fording  

1.5

1.5

1.2

crew  

4

7

7

remarks  

Self-entrenching. Load time 46 seconds. 7.62-mm PKT MG.

Self-entrenching.

Self-entrenching.

 

Self-Propelled Artillery

120-mm 2S9 Combination Gun

152-mm
2S19 Howitzer

120-mm 2S23 Combination Gun

155-mm G6 (SA)

range, conventional (km)

8.8

3-24.7

8.8

30

extended range

12.8

28.9

12.8

39

direct fire

0.8

 

0.8

 
ammunition type

HE-Frag
HE-Frag-RAP
HE-Frag
laser guided
HEAT-FS
Illumination
Smoke
Incendiary
Chemical
Flechette

HE-Frag
DPICM
DPICM-BB
HEAT-FS
HE-Frag-BB
AT mine
AP mine
Krasnopol
Jammer
Incendiary
Smoke
TV recon
Flechette
chemical

HE-Frag (3VOF49)
HE-Frag-mtr
HE-Frag-RAP-Mtr
DPICM how
HE-Frag laser-guided how
HE-RAP how
HEAT-FS
HE-Frag how
Illumination mtr
Smoke (WP) mtr
Incendiary mtr
Chemical mtr
Flechette how

HE-Frag
Smoke
Illumination
Leaflet
submunitions

elevation (degrees)

-4 to 80

-3 to 68

-4 to 80

-5 to 75

traverse (degrees)

70

360

70

80

rate of fire (rpm) maximum

10

6

10

8

sustained

4

4

4

3

basic load

40

40

30

 
emplace/displace time (min)  

1

 

1

weight (mt)

8.7

42

14.5

47

speed, road (kph)

60

60

70

85

off road  

15.5

40

30

swim (kph)

9

 

10

 
road range

500

550

600

 
trench crossing (m)

2

2.8

2

 
vertical step (m)

0.5

0.5

0.5

 
grade (degrees)

31

27

31

 
side slope (degrees)

19

20

19

 
ground clearance (mm)

450

435

480

 
fording

amphibious

1.5, 5 snorkel

amphibious

 
crew

4

5 to 7

4-6

6

remarks  

Self-entrenching in 40 to 60 minutes. 12.7-mm NSVT MG.

BTR chassis

 

 

Multiple Rocket Launchers

122-mm BM-21

122-mm 9A51 Prima

220-mm 9P140 (BM-22)

range, maximum (m)

35

35

40

salvo time (sec)

20

30

20

reload time (min)

7

8

15

warhead types

HE-Frag, ICM w/AP or AT mines, illumination, jammer, smoke

HE-Frag, ICM w AP or AT mines, illumination, jammer, smoke

chemical, HE-Frag, ICM w/ AT&AP bomblets, AT&AP mines, FAE

emplace/displace time (min)

2.5/0.5

2.5/0.5

3/3

trench (m)

0.975

0.875

2

step (m)  

0.65

0.6

grade (degrees)

60

60

60

side slope (degrees)      
ground clearance (mm)

410

 

580

weight (m)

14.85

14.85

20

length (m)      
width (m)      
height (m)      
speed, road (kph)

80

85

65

road range (km)

1000

990

500

crew

6

3

4

remarks

40 tubes

50 tubes

16 tubes

 

Multiple Rocket Launchers

300-mm 9A52-S SMERCH-M

ASTROS II (Brazil)
127-mm, 180-mm or 300-mm

range, maximum (m)

20-70

127-mm SS-30 30 km
180-mm SS-40 35-km
300-mm SS-60 60 km

salvo time (sec)

38

 
reload time (min)

36

 
warhead types

HE-Frag, chemical, 72 AP mines, 5 AT mines, FAE

 
emplace/displace time (min)

3/3

 
trench (m)

2

 
step (m)

0.6

 
grade (degrees)

57

 
side slope (degrees)    
ground clearance (mm)

440

 
weight (m)

43.7

 
length (m)

12.1

8

width (m)

3.05

2.4

height (m)

3.05

2.6

speed, road (kph)

60

70

road range (km)

850

 
crew

4

4

remarks

12 tubes.

*

* The Astros can fire three different canisterized wraps around rocket, 127-mm SS-30, 180-mm SS-40 and 300-mm SS-60.

Surface to Surface Missiles (SSM)

9P113 LUNA-M (FROG-7)

SS-1c SCUD

SS-21

warhead type

HE, DPICM subminitions, chemical, nuclear

HE, chemical (thickened VX),5-80 kt nuclear

Up to 482 kg

range (km)

20-70

300

20-120

CEP (m)

400

1000

15

reaction time (min)  

60

20

reload time (min)

Varies

varies

40 to refire


Any changes from the 1998 OPFOR Battle Book are depicted in GREEN printing.  Last updated on 13 April, 1999
For any comments, additions, deletions, or modifications for this Battle Book contact
LTC Bill Bryan.

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