Science and Technology Objectives
To provide guidance to the S&T community, the Army has established a set of 200 Science and Technology Objectives. A STO states a specific, measurable, major technological advancement to be achieved by a specific fiscal year (Figure I9). It must be consistent with the funding available in the current year budget, the FutureYears Defense Plan (FYDP), and the Program Objective Memorandum (POM). Not every worthwhile funded 6.2 and 6.3 technology program will be cited as a STO in part because the Army must reserve some program flexibility for the laboratory or center director to seize opportunities within his or her organization, based upon the organizations local talents and resources.
Figure I-9. Anatomy of an STO
The Army uses the STOs to focus and stabilize the 6.2 and 6.3 program, practice management by objectives, and provide feedback to our scientists and engineers regarding their productivity and customer satisfaction. STOs are reviewed annually at a joint materiel developer/TRADOC meeting and then reviewed and approved by the ASTWG (Figure I10). STOs, revised as necessary to maintain currency and consistency with economic factors, ensure TRADOC input to the planning process, and provide Army leadership guidance to S&T performing organizations. All Army Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System (PPBES) submissions, including budget estimates and execution plans and Defense Technology Objectives (DTOs), should comply with the STO guidance. Descriptions of current STOs are given in Volume II, Annex A, of this document and in the Army Science and Technology Management Information System (ASTMIS).
Figure I-10. Science and Technology Objective Process
Resourcing the Strategy
Figure I11 shows how the 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding categories relate to the overall acquisition process. Figure I12 shows Army S&T recent and future funding levels.
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Figure I-11. Science and Technology Related to the Aquistion Process
Figure I-12. Science and Technology Program Funding by Budget Category
The 6.1 research includes all efforts of scientific study and experimentation with a high potential to significantly improve land warfighting capabilities. In this basic research category (6.1), the Army maintains a strong peerreviewed scientific base providing the foundation for technological improvements to warfighting capability through university and inhouse research. In addition to conducting inhouse research, Army scientists monitor developments in academia and industry and evaluate the many proposals received for 6.1 funds (Figure I13). (See also Chapters V and VII.)
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Figure I-13. Army Basic Research
Applied Research (6.2) includes all efforts directed toward the solution of specific military problems, short of major demonstrations and development projects. This applied research category includes the development of components, models, and new concepts through inhouse and industry efforts. Individual research programs often enable a variety of new systems and support a number of identified needs. Since research programs may readily contribute to needs in several mission areas, the Army performs horizontal integration, or "crossmissionarea analyses," to understand 6.2 funding priorities.
Advanced Technology Development (6.3) includes all efforts directed toward projects that have moved into demonstration of hardware or software for operational feasibility. In the 6.3 category, experimental systems or subsystems are demonstrated to prove the technical feasibility and military utility of the approach selected. Advanced technology development (6.3) provides the path for the rapid insertion of new technologies into Army systems, be they new systems or product improvements. The Army establishes priorities for demonstrations that are needed prior to the development of the most critically needed systems and product improvements. The criteria for selection of 6.3 programs are:
-Reduce risks to funded 6.4 programs.
Figure I14 shows the Army S&T FY98 6.3 appropriated program and includes ATDs, ACTDs, and TDs, many of which form systemofsystems demonstrations.
The Army policy is to maintain stable funding for Army S&T. This stability principle of our investment strategy is consistent with the longterm nature of basic and applied research. Stability of focus and funding permits the Armys scientists and engineers to conduct meaningful longrange planning to ensure that the technologies required to address future warfighting needs and obtain AAN goals will be available when needed. Figure I15 shows the FY98 S&T appropriation by program and developing agency.
Figure I-14. FY98 6.3 Appropriated Program
Total = $657.5 Million
Figure I-15. FY98 Science and Technology
(6.1, 6.2, 6.3) Appropriated Program
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