News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan

C. Branch/Functional Unique Future Operational Capabilities

Branch/functional unique FOCs are those FOC submissions that offer unique capabilities for a particular TRADOC proponent. The TRADOC proponent is responsible for ensuring the FOC is reviewed and updated annually.

1. Chaplain School

CH 97–011, Religious Support Projection. Capability to project religious support (e.g., rites, sacraments, emergency ministrations, worship, counseling, education) to soldiers positioned outside physical contact with religious support elements on a dispersed battlefield. This capability is critical to religious support for independent company–size (or smaller) units conducting split–based operations, or attached to multinational forces devoid of religious support.

Reference: T.P. 525–78.

2. Chemical School

CM 97–010, Advanced Flame and Incendiaries. The capability to employ target degrading, obscuring, and defeating advanced incendiary materials/effects throughout the battlefield. Must provide electro–optical (multispectral) obscuration and cause dissipation or attenuate other battlefield obscurants. Must be accurately deployable in a soldier—carried, mounted, dismounted, projectable or space–based configuration. Must be safely transportable and employable by a minimum of nonspecialized soldiers. Must provide training munitions or simulations techniques.

References: T.P. 525–3, p. 16, paragraph 4g(4), p. 20, paragraph 4h(2)(h)(4); T.P. 525–5, p. 3–12, paragraph 3–2d; p. 3–18, paragraphs 3–3b(1)(a) and 3–3b(1)(c).

3. Combat Service Support Battle Laboratory

CSS 97–002, Containerization and Packaging. Capability to optimize package and container load configurations to cover the spectrum of distribution platforms in CONUS and in theater. Will provide cargo adaptable packaging that is recoverable, recyclable, light weight, needing little to no dunnage, and capable of being decontaminated, electronically tracked during employment and monitored for integrity and effects of adverse environmental conditions (e.g., temperature, moisture, shock).

Reference: T.P. 525–100–1, p. 11, paragraph XX.

4. Early Entry Lethality and Survivability Battle Laboratory

EEL 97–018, Rapid Insertion of Army Equipment and Aviation. Capability to self–deploy or preposition army aviation assets for rapid insertion during force projection operations.

References: T.P. 525–66; T.P. 525–200–2.

5. Engineer School

EN 97–001, Develop Digital Terrain Data. Capability to acquire, analyze, develop, update, and validate digital terrain data that provides a basic foundation for the common knowledge of the battlespace, which is scaleable, tailorable, timely, and relevant to the situation. This capability includes the ability to enrich terrain data with higher resolution feature and elevation data, from information collected throughout the battlespace by a wide variety of sensors and units.

References: T.P. 525–41, paragraphs 1–3b and 2–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4, p. 20–25; Joint Vision 2010, p. 13.

EN 97–002, Common Terrain Database Management. Capability to collect, catalog, warehouse, transform, update, and distribute in real– or near–real time large quantities of digital terrain data to provide the most up–to–date information to all users. This should include procedures for tracking data lineage, synchronizing data updates from various sources, and verifying the accuracy of data updates. It also includes the ability to share data horizontally and vertically on the battlefield, and exchange data updates between terrain data producers in CONUS or the theater and the terrain data managers/users.

References: T.P. 525–41, paragraphs 1–3b, 2–4, and 2–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4, p. 20–25; Joint Vision 2010, p. 13.

EN 97–014, Provide, Repair, and Maintain Logistics Facilities. Capability to procure, construct, repair, and maintain logistics facilities for supply, maintenance, and ammunition storage. This capability includes repair of damages by hostile fire and damage remediation.

References: FM 5–104, p. 78–84; TRADOC Black Book No. 4, p. 25; Joint Vision 2010, p. 24.

EN 97–015, Procurement and Production of Construction Materials. Capability to rapidly obtain a supply of suitable construction materials as a basis for constructing, maintaining, or repairing facilities in the theater of operations. This capability includes obtaining materiel through the standard military supply system, procurement from local manufacturers or producers, and extracting local natural resources or local military processing. Local extraction requires the ability to excavate, load, and transport natural raw materials from borrow pits; establish quarries to recover rock by drilling and blasting; or conduct logging operations. Local processing of materials requires the ability to crush, screen, and wash rock to specific size and gradation needed for asphalt and concrete; mix and transport asphalt; and produce, mix, and transport concrete.

References: FM 5–104, p. 7–14; Joint Vision 2010, p. 24.

EN 97–026, Fire Protection. Capability to provide rapid firefighting and emergency rescue to high–risk supply facilities, forward area rearm and refuel points, and Army aviation facilities, and provide knowledge and expertise in fire prevention.

EN 97–028, Engineering Support to Nonmilitary Operation. Capability to provide engineering services to humanitarian operations, relief to natural or manmade disasters, and support to civil authorities. Includes counter–drug operations and post–conflict remediation.

References: TRADOC Black Book No. 4, p. 16; Joint Pub. 4–04.

6. Finance

FI 97–001, Military Pay. Capability to quickly establish a client/server automation system in finance units at echelons detachment and above. System will need to provide the capability to locally produce leave and earning statements, and query and update military pay records for all services. It will also be compatible with automated identification technology (MARC and others). The future system will be integrated with Adjutant General School (personnel) databases. It will allow for split–based operations (Split Operations) resulting in the smallest possible PSS footprint on the battlefield.

Reference: T.P. 525–200–6, p. 6 paragraph 3–3c.(2), p.7, paragraph 3–3c.(3).

FI 97–002, Civilian Pay. Capability to quickly establish a client/server automation system in finance units at echelons detachment and above. System will need to provide the capability to query and update DoD civilian employee pay records. The future system will be compatible with automated identification technology and will support all future Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) developed software. This system promotes split operations by limiting the need to deploy DFAS assets.

Reference: T.P. 525–200–6, p. 6, paragraph 3–3a.

FI 97–005, Travel Support. Capability to quickly establish an automation system capable of standalone or client/server operations at echelons battalion and above. The system will allow deployed personnel to provide travel support to service members and civilians. It must have the capability to process travel advances made during noncombatant evacuation operations. This includes instances when the State Department issues noncombatant evacuation orders for U.S. citizens in the host nation or target country. The system must be capable of recording all travel settlements, and advances and travel. The future system must also capture all cost associated with authorized travel and update appropriate resource management and pay databases via digital communications.

FI 97–006, Disbursing. Capability to quickly establish an automation system capable of standalone or client/server operations at echelons detachment and above. The system would track all disbursements (cash, check, foreign currency, or EFT) and collections. The future system must be compatible with automated identification technology and be fully integrated with pay and RM systems.

FI 97–007, Accounting. Capability to quickly establish a network of accounting computers using wireless communications technologies at echelons above battalion. The system will capture the use of all appropriated and nonappropriated funds. The timely accurate accounting data provided by this system will help commanders meet their responsibility for stewardship of public resources. This data will help ensure rapid and accurate reimbursement of OMA funds used to finance deployments. This system will be fully integrated with DFAS and supports split operations.

7. Medical

MD 97–001, Patient Evacuation. Required capability of the Army Medical Department (AMMED) is to provide a seamless air and ground medical evacuation system throughout the operational spectrum. The system must have the capability to provide continuous support in all environmental conditions, communicate with supporting and supported units, maintain situational awareness on the future digitized battlefield, be modular in design, and possess the capability to provide state–of–the–art medical care compatible with the medical structure on the battlefield. Medical evacuation provides a means of reducing morbidity and mortality through timely movement of casualties under continuous medical supervision and care. Furthermore, the system must allow for coordination, integration, and be compatible with joint and combined forces. Medical evacuation must be capable of operating in an NBC contaminated environment.

Aeromedical Evacuation—The changing nature of modern warfare demands that medical evacuation platforms have communication, navigation, and situational awareness capabilities compatible with the forces they support. It also demands the medical capability to provide treatment and sustain casualties during evacuation over greater distances. Future aeromedical evacuation platforms must have the capability to visually acquire patients at night or during periods of degraded visibility, and positively identify casualty and casualty pickup points, as well as maintain threat avoidance. As future options force the Army to leave large hospitals in the rear and push resuscitative surgery forward, aeromedical evacuation aircraft must be capable of providing enhanced en route medical care and monitoring capabilities. Medical evacuation aircraft must possess the capability to effectively operate on the future digitized battlefield.

Ground Evacuation—Capabilities required in the future ground medical evacuation platforms include expansion of treatment space for the medical attendant to provide en route care, ability to keep pace with the supported force, accessible storage of medical equipment, and improved medical capabilities of the vehicle. Those capabilities include an on board oxygen production unit, a medical suction system, improved litter configuration, and provisions for a medical mentoring system. Capabilities required in the treatment role include providing adequate space and equipment configuration for a trauma treatment team to provide care to combat casualties inside of the vehicle under the protection of armor.

References: T.P. 525–50, paragraphs 2–3d(1), 3–1, and 3–3b.

MD 97–004, Combat Health Support in a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Environment. Capability required to perform medical support operations in NBC environments. Medical doctrine needs to incorporate the full range of NBC threat, from peacetime regulatory limits to all out war. NBC environments seriously degrade the ability to triage, diagnose, and treat casualties while in protective posture. Each NBC hazard presents unique, well–documented injuries, but when used in combination or combined with conventional insults or disease nonbattle injuries, the injuring effects are not fully understood.

References: FM 3–5, Chapter 9; FM 8–10–7; T.P. 525–50, paragraph 2–2d; Medical Readiness Strategic Plan–2001, Chapter 12.

MD 97–005, Far–Forward Surgical Support. Capability to provide forward deployed emergency resuscitative surgery across the range of military operations, to include NBC environments. Capability to project surgery forward increases as a result of the extended battlefield. Capability to provide urgent resuscitative surgery for casualties who require surgical stabilization prior to further evacuation. Capability to provide improved shelter systems that allow for both tactical and strategic deployability, quick set–up, and a rapid–response surgical capability under environmentally controlled conditions.

Reference: T.P. 525–50, paragraph 3–3c.

MD 97–006, Hospitalization. Capability to provide full hospital care across the range of military operations, to include NBC environments. Hospital personnel must provide definitive care for return to duty or stabilizing care for evacuation out of theater to an increasingly diverse population of deployed personnel from all the uniformed and government services. In addition, combat hospitals must care for refugees and displaced civilians as the result of combat, civil strife, or natural disasters. Required capabilities include inpatient care, outpatient care, and consultant services in the medical, surgical, obstetrical, gynecological, pediatric, geriatric, and NBC arenas. Combat hospitals must organize as effectively augmented, fully functional modules to rapidly deploy and operate forward, independently of the main hospital unit.

Clinical systems such as cardiac resuscitation, ventilation management, intravenous fluid administration and surgery, and anesthesia equipment must all possess the capability to keep pace with deployability requirements as well as the ever increasing disease and injury spectrums found in the area of operation. Integral to clinical systems are the skills of the hospital staff themselves. Senior medical leadership must possess the capability of staffing combat hospitals with personnel who demonstrate the unique skills needed for the particular type of mission. Future capabilities of all hospital personnel must include keeping pace with changing mission requirements, functioning in an NBC environment, and caring for decontaminated NBC casualties.

Reference: T.P. 525–50, paragraph 3–3c.

MD 97–007, Preventive Medicine. Capability to improve soldier sustainability through the prevention of endemic diseases; injury from radiation environmental, occupational, and CB warfare agent hazards; or from combat stresses. It must be capable of deploying a modular support package to provide comprehensive support, adaptable to a full range of military operations. Will provide rapid and comprehensive environmental and occupational monitoring to assess acute and chronic health risks encountered during military operations. Will provide versatile, mobile, and enhanced disease vector control support to reduce vector–borne diseases in a theater of operations. Must be capable of integrating disease surveillance from the forward line of troops to CONUS.

References: T.P. 525–5, paragraph 2–1a(8); T.P. 525–50, paragraph 2–2d.

MD 97–008, Combat Health Logistics Systems (CHLS) and Blood Management. Capability to support force projection Army in multiple locations through split–based operations. The CHLS must be modular in design and anticipatory to provide the necessary flexibility and mobility. Division–level class VIII support includes receipt, storage, processing, disposal, and distribution of medical materiel; unit–level medical maintenance; receipt of type O red blood cells; and single optical fabrication and repair. Corps and echelons above corps support includes receipt, storage, processing, contracting, disposal, and distribution of medical materiel, unit and direct support/general support level medical maintenance; blood distribution and the limited capability to collect blood; single and multivision optical fabrication and repair; medical gas distribution; and the building of medical assemblages/resupply packages. The CHLS must centrally manage critical class VIII items, patient movement items, blood products, medical maintenance, and class VIII contracting. It must be capable of coordinating logistics and transportation support with nonmedical logistics organizations for all medical logistics activities within an area of operations. It must be able to support reception operations for prepositioned afloat medical materiel at ports of debarkation. The CHLS must employ state–of–the–art standardized medical logistics information management and communication systems to facilitate total asset and in–transit visibility, automated transmission of optical fabrication requests, management of blood and blood products, management of medical equipment readiness, and management of captured enemy medical materiel and equipment. These systems must be compatible with and connected to all services to accomplish the single integrated medical logistics management mission of the AMMED.

Reference: T.P. 525–50, paragraph 3–3d(1–3).

MD 97–009, Combat Stress Control (CSC). Capability to deploy small stress control (mental health) teams routinely to all battalion and company–sized units, at all echelons, across the continuum of operations from combat to unit field training, garrison, and unit family support. Corps–level CSC units’ teams will augment officer/NCO teams organic to forward support and area support medical companies. All these teams provide ongoing command consultation, education, stress monitoring, unit surveys, critical event debriefings, reconstitution support, DoD–mandated medical and stress surveillance, and other unit–level interventions. They will help the command sustain operation performance of crucial weapons and logistics systems, and prevent stress–induced error, disability, and misconduct (primary prevention). Stress control teams will be linked with a Human Dimension Team (organic to Corps Medical Command) to magnify preventive capability. The same stress control teams have the capability for task organization to provide restoration treatment near stress casualties’ units for quick return to duty (second prevention), and echelon reconditioning treatment to maximize return to duty and prevent chronic disability (tertiary prevention).

References: T.P. 525–50, paragraph 3–3h and Annex I.

MD 97–010, Medical Laboratory Support. Medical laboratories must be modular in design to provide the necessary flexibility and tailorability to support split–based operations and deployment as functional emulative increments. The medical laboratory system must provide a seamless continuum of functional capability across the entire range of military operations with the level of capabilities and sophistication increasing with each successively higher echelon of care. Far–forward medical laboratory support at the division requires limited, rapid laboratory procedures to support patient stabilization, resuscitation, and advanced trauma management of combat casualties. Additional blood gas and chemistry capabilities are needed to augment basic manual laboratory procedures currently performed by laboratory personnel assigned to divisional/nondivisional medical companies. Equipment and rapid diagnostic tests are needed to provide point–of–care laboratory support for blood gas, basic hematology, and limited urinalysis testing at division–level forward surgical teams. These laboratory procedures will be performed by nonlaboratory personnel assigned to the forward surgical team and will require remote monitoring by qualified laboratory personnel. Additional anatomic pathology and clinical reference laboratory capabilities can be added to a corps or echelons above corps hospital with the attachment of a theater level pathology augmentation team. Medical equipment sets for the pathology augmentation team must be developed to support the additional capabilities for anatomic pathology and more definitive chemistry and microbiology procedures. Independent of the corps and echelons above corps hospital laboratories, the Area Medical Laboratory is a theater–level unit that will focus on the assessment and field confirmation of health threats to forces in the area of operation posed by endemic diseases, occupational and environmental health hazards, radiation hazards, and CB warfare agents. It must have equipment that is state of the art and readily upgradeable to keep abreast of new and emerging technologies that arise in the R&D community. A specialized biocontainment shelter system must be developed for the Area Medical Laboratory to provide a safe, environmentally–controlled working environment for the handling and analysis of highly infectious pathogens and hazardous materials.

Reference: T.P. 525–50, paragraph 3–3j.

MD 97–011, Dental Service. Capability to provide emergency, preventive, general, and specialty dental care throughout the full range of military operations. Capability to insure the highest level of soldier oral health prior to deployment. This requires the ability to provide dental care on a sustained basis for all of America’s Army. America’s Army is composed of the Active Army, the National Guard, and the Reserve Component. Capability of providing far forward dental services to small and forward deployed troop concentrations. This far forward care will result in the early treatment of dental emergencies, the immediate return of the soldier to duty, and minimal evacuations of dental emergencies to the rear. These teams will augment and reconstitute division dental assets as necessary. Capability to amplify and augment medical assets during combat and mass casualty situations. This includes, but is not limited to, Advanced Trauma Management, augmentation of anesthesia teams, wound closure, and first aid. This alternative wartime capability will reduce battlefield morbidity and mortality.

References: T.P. 525–5, paragraphs 1–2a(2), 1–2b(3)(b), 1–2d, 1–2e, 1–3, 1–3a, 1–3b, 2–6, 2–3b(2), 3–1a, 3–1a(2), 3–1a(3)(5), 3–1b, 3–2a(1), 3–2a(5), 3–2e, 4–1c, 4–1d, and Figures 1–2 and 2–4,line 1; T.P. 525–50, paragraphs 2–3a, 2–3d(2), 2–3e, 3–1, 3–2c, 3–2e, and 3–3a(2).

MD 97–012, Veterinary Services. Capability to deploy personnel/teams to provide theater–level veterinary services and support. Support includes health and treatment of government animals; food hygiene, safety, and quality assurance for subsistence at the point of origin and for DoD operational rations; inspections of commercial food, water, and ice establishments; and surveillance for NBC contaminated subsistence. These teams must have the capability to task organize and deploy modules for short duration in support of civil operations.

References: T.P. 525–5, paragraphs 1–3, 1–3b, 3–2a(5), and 4–4; T.P. 525–50, paragraph 2–3c(1)(2).

8. Ordnance School

OD 97–016, Tool Improvement. Capability to repair Army equipment using fewer, improved, multipurpose hand tools, and portable test equipment. Will provide test equipment and tools that are multicapable, portable, multisystem, possess an open architecture to facilitate upgrades, and incorporation of new technology.

Reference: T.P. 525–200–6.

9. Quartermaster School

QM 97–010, Mortuary Affairs. Capability to provide rapid identification and evacuation of human remains. Will provide rapid automated identification, location, and evacuation of human remains.

Reference: T.P. 525–200–6, paragraph 4–6a.

10. Space

SP 97–021, Space Control. An offensive and defensive capability is required to allow U.S. forces to gain and maintain control of activities conducted in space. This capability is designed to prevent an enemy force from gaining an advantage from space systems and space capabilities, and protect U.S. forces’ ability to conduct military operations. Capabilities to conduct surveillance and protect U.S. space systems are required. Measures to deceive, disrupt, degrade, or destroy threat space systems, segments, or infrastructure are required to support force projection operations. Depending on operational considerations, nonlethal means of denying threat satellites may be required for certain orbits or portions of orbits, and to minimize generation of space debris. The ability to achieve and maintain space control is required from both terrestrial and space locations. A U.S. infrastructure providing support for space control operations is a required capability.

Reference: T.P. 525–60, Chapter 3.

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