News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



B. Integrated Future Operational Capabilities

The TRADOC integrated FOC are those FOCs that apply to more than one TRADOC proponent. They are integrated to provide the materiel developer with a sense of what common capabilities are needed across the force as a whole. The FOCs will be reviewed and updated annually.

1. Command and Control

TR 97–001, Command and Control (C2). Capability for commanders to have the freedom of moving around the battlespace to locations where they can best influence the battle at the critical time and place. Capability to link all battlespace elements from the individual soldier through the national command authority in real time. Capability to electronically partition data and hand off relevant data to the appropriate user. Capability to continuously plan, communicate intent, issue orders, monitor, and coordinate operations, including joint and coalition operations. Capability must support battle command functions wherever the commander is located. Capability must be small, lightweight, transportable, multimedia capable, and facilitate rapid movement and emplacement. Capability must be mobile and transportable yet ensure that designs and human engineering are adequate to house and support battle command personnel and systems for continuous operations (i.e., adequate space, power, internal communications).

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–014; AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCL 97–002, BCL 97–004, BCL 97–005, BCL 97–006, BCL 97–008; CM 97–001, CM 97–004, CM 97–008; EEL 97–024 EEL 97–025; EN 97–005, EN 97–006; FA 97–006, FA 97–009, FA 97–010, FA 97–013, FA 97–015, FA 97–024, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–027; IN 97–500, IN 97–510, IN 97–520, IN 97–530; MD 97–002; MI 97–005; MMB 97–017; MSB 97–003; MP 97–003; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–019, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–70; T.P. 525–75; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–002, Situational Awareness. Capability to create an accurate and high–fidelity, all–weather, common collaborative real–time picture of the battlespace to include weather, terrain, environment, and friendly/enemy/neutral/noncombatant situational and status information. The common picture must be continuous and selectable from the common air, stationary, or on–the–move (OTM) ground platforms, air defense, naval, space, and wargaming sources depending on the needs of the viewer. The common picture provides understanding of available information in terms of the battlespace—width, depth, height, position, time, terrain, materiel, weather, obstacles and barriers, early warning of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)/theater ballistic missile hazards, electromagnetic, and human. The relevant common picture must be scaleable to appropriate levels of command, tailorable by function and personal preference, and based on variable user defined parameters. To effectively use the common picture at various echelons, there must be a capability to electronically partition data and to hand off relevant data to the appropriate user. The common picture must be based on standardized decision–oriented graphics. These standardized graphics must be shared with and include joint and coalition forces, and must be portrayed over a common, relevant, tailored, and accurate terrain picture. Achievement of this capability is key to battlefield visualization by conveying to the warfighter an immediate understanding of the operational impact of the current and projected situation and provide predictive information, impacting enhanced survivability, facilitating synchronization of fires, maneuver, and logistics/personnel supportability and accountability in order to achieve maneuver dominance and influence battle tempo.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; AR 97–006; AV 97–002, AV 97–004, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCL 97–004; CH 97–008; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; DBS 97–065; DSA 97–004, DSA 97–005, DSA 97–006, DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–009, DSA 97–010, DSA 97–011, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–015, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–020, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–025; EN 97–003, EN 97–004, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–009, EN 97–011; EEL 97–011; FA 97–005, FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–009, FA 97–010, FA 97–013, FA 97–020, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003; MD 97–001, MD 97–002, MD 97–005; MMB 97–018, MMB 97–019; BCL 97–001; MI 97–005, 6; MMB 97–012, MMB 97–017; MSB 97–003, MSB 97–004, MSB 97–007; MP 97–006, MP 97–007; MSB 97–012, MSB 97–014; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–013, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–70; T.P. 525–71: T.P. 525–75; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–003, Mission Planning and Rehearsal. Capability of the warfighter to conduct rapid mission planning, preparation, and execution. Decision making and operations planning requires knowledge based capabilities and decision aids to improve quality and reduce decision making time. Decision making must take advantage of real–time information available on seamless information networks to plan and rehearse operations. Embedded training and simulation tools must be incorporated into decision support software for training, mission rehearsal, and other tasks that are critical either because of the complexity of the task or the time sensitivity of the results. Capability must operate OTM and under all conditions. Decision aids are required to facilitate in–depth, timely analysis of information, forecasting, and support "wargaming" efforts.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–005; AR 97–013; AV 97–003; BCL 97–001, BCL 97–003, BCL 97–010, BCL 97–016, BCL 97–017, BCL 97–019, BCL 97–020; CH 97–011; CM 97–001, CM 97–008; DSA 97–001, DSA 97–002, DSA 97–007, DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–027; EEL 97–021, EEL 97–022; EN 97–003, EN 97–004, EN 97–005, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–008, EN 97–009, EN 97–010, EN 97–011, EN 97–016, EN 97–017, EN 97–018, EN 97–030; FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–009, FA 97–015, FA 97–023, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; IN 97–520, IN 97–700; MSB 97–003, MSB 97–007, MSB 97–012, MSB 97–014; MI 97–001, MI 97–002; MP 97–003, OD 97–003; MMB 97–018, MMB 97–20; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–005, SP 97–007, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020; TRD 96–002, TRD 96–004, TRD 96–005, TRD 96–006, TRD 96–012.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–60; T.P. 525–70, T.P. 525–75; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–004, Tactical Operation Center (TOC) Command Post (CP). TOC and CP facilitate the commander and his staffs with capabilities to maintain situational awareness and to control/dominate the battlespace/mission tempo. Provides deployable, transportable, modular, reconfigurable, highly survivable, and highly mobile CPs that function equally well when stationary, en route, or OTM, in all environments to include battlefield clutter. Must support simultaneous operation of diverse information systems and be quickly reconfigurable to support various combinations of automated systems and staff functions, to include mission planning, rehearsal, and execution, ensuring maximized signature reduction. Facilitates real–time, robust, long–range, seamless connectivity to all space, air, ground, surface, and submersible information systems and subsystems as applicable to mission requirements. Provides commander and staff with the ability to perform C2 from remote sites.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–006; AR 97–007; AV 97–011; BCL 97–010, BCG 97–001, BCG 97–004, BCG 97–005; CM 97–001; CM 97–004, CM 97–008; DBS 97–050, DBS 97–053; DSA 97–015, DSA 97–019, DSA 97–027; EEL 97–017, EEL 97–021, EEL 97–022, EEL 97–024; FA 97–009, FA 97–012, FA 97–014, FA 97–022, FA 97–025, FA 97–036; MI 97–005, MI 97–006, MI 97–007, MI 97–008; MMB 97–017; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–005, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–018, SP 97–020.

Reference: T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–005, Airspace Management. Capability to effectively manage, in real time, multiple users of airspace thus minimizing conflicts and maximizing the overall successful mission accomplishment rate. This requires close integration between C2, Army Airspace C2, Army aviation, air defense, artillery, military intelligence, aeromedical support, special operations, airborne and infantry operations, mounted ground operations, sister service and coalition members operations, and possibly civilian airspace management agencies. Also requires communication and automation capability that is compatible with these organizations and that is compliant with the Army Battle Command System/Common Operating Environment equipment and with required standards. The system must be capable of rapid deployment, must be operational while mobile, and must maintain flexibility in response to an ever–changing operational situation. The system must have a real–time air picture and real–time communications with all airspace–user elements. The system must be able to electronically translate raw airspace data into a useable three–dimensional (3D) fused real–time airspace picture and direct two–way interface into the Contingency Theater Automated Planning System for Army airspace users requiring near–real–time deconfliction or situational awareness of air assets. In addition to analog and digital communication, the system should support an automated capability to collect, display, and disseminate airspace control measures to all airspace users. Data communication must interface with and facilitate sensor to shooter linkage systems for air defense and field artillery platforms. The airspace management system must comply with Federal Aviation Administration requirements for peacetime United States operations, and be compatible with all other airspace C2 systems, including existing joint, multinational and host nation airspace management requirements during joint or coalition exercises outside the United States.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–006; AV 97–001, AV 97–003, AV 97–012; DSA 97–015; FA 97–010; MD 97–001.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–72; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–006, Combat Identification. Capability to detect, discriminate, identify through active, noncooperative methods, and prioritize both ground and aerial platforms at ranges in excess of the threat’s detection and weapon systems effective ranges and inside the threat’s detection and response time. The capability must be effective day or night in adverse weather, in cluttered background environments, and in the presence of threat countermeasures. The capability must provide real time, accurate target location information.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–006; AR 97–004, AR 97–010; AV 97–005; DSA 97–005, DSA 97–010, DSA 97–011, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–024, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–028; FA 97–004, FA 97–013; MI 97–003; MP 97–006; MMB 97–015; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–75.

2. Communication

TR 97–007, Battlefield Information Passage. Capability for a highly employable seamless, secure, global information architecture that is dynamic, self–organizing, self–healing, which is modular, and is reconfigurable for use by airborne, light, and heavy forces. This architecture will provide a capability for total, uninterrupted, interoperable data networking of secure and nonsecure data, voice, imagery, and video transfer in real time, near–real time, and non–real time between government, nongovernment, and military health services systems assets agencies; combined arms; tactical and strategic forces; and joint, combined, and coalition forces throughout the battlespace from the National Command Authority to operator level. Included are information transfer over all phases (alert to redeploy), ranges (contingency operations to high intensity conflict), and levels (tactical, operational, and strategic) of operations with acceptable levels of throughput, capacity, information quality, grade of service, security, and precedence in austere environments with minimum sustainment requirements. Also included is the ability to track data lineage, and synchronize data updates from multiple sources. The architecture will be compatible with the joint technical architecture and common operating environment.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–006, AD 97–011; AR 97–001, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–010, AR 97–012; AV 97–001, AV 97–003, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCG 97–001, BCG 97–002, BCG 97–003, BCG 97–005, BCG 97–006, BCG 97–007; BCL 97–002, BCL 97–004, BCL 97–005, BCL 97–007; CH 97–001, CH 97–002, CH 97–004, CH 97–005, CH 97–008, CH 97–011; CS 97–004; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; DSA 97–07, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025; EEL 97–011, EEL 97–017, EEL 97–024 EEL 97–025; EN 97–002, EN 97–005, EN 97–007, EN 97–011, EN 97–018; FA 97–005, FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–009, FA 97–010, FA 97–011, FA 97–012, FA 97–013, FA 97–015, FA 97–019, FA 97–021, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–025, FA 97–026, FA 97–029, FA 97–030, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–003, FI 97–004, FI 97–005, FI 97–006, FI 97–007, FI 97–008; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–001, MD 97–002, MD 97–003, MD 97–005, MD 97–006, MD 97–008; MI 97–005; MMB 97–017, MMB 97–018, MMB 97–019; MP 97–003, MP 97–004; MSB 97–003; SP 97–001.

References: T.P. 525–71; T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–008, Power Projection and Sustaining Base Operations. Capability to support future operations with selected elements that have not deployed from homestation, or operate strictly out of a rear base or sanctuary areas. Capability to support split–based/force projection operations that must be deployable, robust, assured, and provide a seamless state–of–the–art command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) across the operational continuum (including joint and combined forces) on a continuous basis. Capability to transfer information within the architecture without requiring specific knowledge of the mechanism or platform characteristics that make up the automatic systems and communications. For example, the warfighter will have the capability to use the same telephone and computer in garrison and in any tactical environment. Capability to provide standardized access for deployed forces to strategic infrastructure services such as the distributed interactive simulation network, NIPRNET, and SIPRNET.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; BCG 97–001, BCG 97–006; BCL 97–009; CH 97–011; CM 97–004; CS 97–004; DSA 97–008, DSA 97–016; EEL 97–014, EEL 97–017; EN 97–002, EN 97–005; FA 97–011, FA 97–019, FA 97–021, FA 97–025, FA 97–026; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–007, FI 97–008; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–002; MP 97–004; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–005, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–008, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–018, SP 97–019.

Reference: Terrain Visualization Master Plan.

TR 97–009, Communications Transport Systems. Capability for a combination of communications transport systems that provide high capacity and throughput to efficiently and effectively support simultaneous real–time voice, data, imagery, video transfer, video conference, and personal communication services at all levels of security. These systems must be integrated into the global, seamless communications architecture.

Branch FOCs: AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–012, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–001, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCG 97–001, BCG 97–002, BCG 97–005, BCG 97–007; CH 97–001, CH 97–003, CH 97–008; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; CS 97–004; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025; EEL 97–024, EEL 97–025; EN 97–002, EN 97– 005; FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–029, FA 97–030, FA 97–036; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–004, FI 97–007, FI 97–008; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–001, MD 97–002, MD 97–003, MD 97–005, MD 97–006, MD 97–008; MI 97–005; MMB 97–017; MI 97–015; MP 97–004; SP 97–001, SP 97–005, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–012, SP 97–017, SP 97–019.

References: FM 100–6; T.P. 525–75, paragraphs 3–3d and 4–5d.

TR 97–010, Tactical Communications. Capability to extend simultaneous data, voice, image, and video transfer systems to the soldier/platform with acceptable levels of throughput, range, capacity, information quality, grade of service, security, and precedence in real or near real time. These systems will be multichanneled and will be interoperable with joint, combined, and coalition forces and provide a broad array and distribution in austere environments. Also required is a capability to provide uninterruptible, continual, real time sensor to shooter communication.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–006; AR 97–001, AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–07, AR 97–012, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–001, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCG 97–001, BCG 97–002, BCG 97–005, BCG 97–007; BCL 97–002, BCL 97–007; CH 97–008; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; CS 97–004; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025; EEL 97–023, EEL 97–024, EEL 97–025; EN 97–002, EN 97–005; FA 97–005, FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–009, FA 97–010, FA 97–012, FA 97–013, FA 97–015, FA 97–019, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–025, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–008; IS97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–002; MI 97–005; MMB 97–017; MP 97–004; MSB 97–003; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–005, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–008, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–018.

References: FM 100–6, T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–011, Information Services. Capability for seamless global information services that include data warehousing, televideoconferencing, multilevel security, and seamless messaging. Capability to verify data integrity, verify/authenticate the originator of a transaction, provide proof of participation of both sender and receiver of a transaction, ensure the availability of services to authorized users, and provide an optional data encryption capability.

Branch FOCs: AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–007; AV 97–001, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCG 97–001; BCL 97–013; CH 97–002, CH 97–005; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; CS 97–004; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–014; EN 97–002, EN 97–005; FA 97–005, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–036; FI 97–004, FI 97–008; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–002; MI 97–004, MI 97–005; MP 97–003; SP 97–006, SP 97–008, SP 97–009.

Reference: T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–012, Information Systems. Capability to supply the warfighter with key decision making information in a time sensitive manner, real– or near–real time. This capability involves acquiring, integrating, and synchronizing information from vertical and horizontal C2 systems; sensor systems; and battlefield functional area systems. This encompasses strategic, operational, tactical, and joint operations. The resulting "system–of–systems" provides the warfighter with a force multiplier in battle command, common picture, target acquisition, lethality/survivability, logistics, operations planning, and joint interoperability. The information systems must be scaleable, and the platforms capable of hosting multiple information system applications. The information systems must be compatible with the Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–011; AR 97–001, AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–012, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–001, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCL 97–001, BCL 97–002, BCL 97–005; CH 97–001, CH 97–002, CH 97–004; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; CS 97–004; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025; EEL 97–023, EEL 97–024, EEL 97–025; EN 97–002, EN 97–003, EN 97–005, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–008, EN 97–010, EN 97–011, EN 97–018, EN 97–030; FA 97–005, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–036; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–004, FI 97–008; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–002; MI 97–005; MP 97–004; MSB 97–014; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–005, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–008, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017.

Reference: T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–013, Network Management. Capability to maximize the availability of communication networks and data distribution systems to all echelons. This includes the following management functions: (1) network planning and engineering, which includes the automated and interactive placement of network resources against subscriber requirements, terrain conditions, tactical restrictions, and communications security requirements; (2) battlefield spectrum management, which includes the ability to perform frequency assignments that eliminate adverse collateral effects of cosite and adjacent frequency, and maximizes spectral efficiency and the effective utilization and allocation of bandwidth including bandwidth on demand when appropriate; (3) wide area network management, which is a capability to monitor and maintain communication services including fault, performance, and near real time reconfiguration management; and (4) communications security.

Branch FOCs: AR 97–001, AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–012, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–001, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; BCG 97–003; CS 97–004; DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017; FA 97–006, FA 97–013, FA 97–025, FA 97–036; FI 97–001, FI 97–002, FI 97–005, FI 97–006, FI 97–007; IS 97–001, IS 97–002, IS 97–003, IS 97–004, IS 97–005; MD 97–002; MI 97–005; MP 97–003, MP 97–004; SP 97–005, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–008, SP 97–012, SP 97–017, SP 97–018, SP 97–019.

Reference: T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–014, Hands–Free Equipment Operation. Capability to operate and control equipment hands–free while stationary or OTM. This capability must exist in noisy, unstable, and stressful conditions. These capabilities are required to facilitate operation by minimizing operator interface requirements.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–005; AV 97–002, AV 97–004, AV 97–009, AV 97–011; BCG 97–04; BCL 97–003; CH 97–001; DSA 97–022; EEL 97–024; EN 97–009, EN 97–018; FA 97–012.

3. Information Management

TR 97–015, Common Terrain Portrayal. Capability allowing commanders to rapidly and accurately visualize friendly and enemy battlespace conditions and situations, command directives, and other essential information in continuous real– or near–real–time displays, and provide a common background for simulations, training, mission planning, rehearsals, and commander’s decision aids. The capability includes the ability to conduct rapid assessments of accessible terrain, line of sight relationships, trafficability, and obstacle planning. The capability provides information as scaleable integrated digital projections, or tactical decision aid products. This capability, when integrated with weather, position location, environmental and situational updates, provides a common portrayal of the physical characteristics of the battlespace. This capability is an essential element of battlefield visualization and the portrayal of synthetic scenes and dynamic environmental effects in simulations.

Branch FOCs: AR 97–006; AR 97–002, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–011; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; DBS 97–033; DSA 97–006, DSA 97–020; EEL 97–021, EEL 97–022; EN 97–03, EN 97–030; FA 97–005, FA 97–006, FA 97–023; MI 97–006; MP 97–007; MMB 97–018; MSB 97–007; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–004, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–41; T.P. 525–75; Joint Vision 2010.

TR 97–016, Information Analysis. The Army requires the capability for common systems at all echelons to provide rapid analysis, processing, collaboration, understanding, and throughput of information from all sources (air, ground, sea, space) within compressed decision timelines. Fusion and aggregation must occur between bottom–up and top–down feeds. Information must be rapidly retrievable or accessible in an internet, nonhierarchical environment at all echelons by appropriate users requesting the data. High capacity data storage and data retrieval are required to facilitate seamless, real–time information exchange across joint, national, coalition forces, and intra–/intervehicular/platform exchange. Require means to tailor information (mission, enemy, troops, terrain, and time) to meet individual needs. Ability to process OTM is required thus mandating reduced processor size and weight. Processing capability must be accurate, timely, and enhance operator efficiency. Capability to work at various classification levels (multilevel security) is required. Achieving this capability will permit the processing environment to rapidly and dynamically assimilate information to satisfy multiple battlefield functions.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; AR 97–001, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–010, AR 97–011, AR 97–014; AV 97–004, AV 97–012; BCG 97–008; BCL 97–003, BCL 97–004, BCL 97–010; CM 97–001, CM 97–004, CM 97–007, CM 97–008; DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–020, DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–025; EN 97–004, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–008, EN 97–010, EN 97–018; FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–009, FA 97–010, FA 97–013, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; MI 97–002, MI 97–004; OD 97–003, OD 97–014; MMB 97–002, MMB 97–017, MMB 97–018, MMB 97–019; MSB 97–007, MSB 97–012; MP 97–004; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020; TRD 96–003.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–41; T.P. 525–63; T.P. 525–70, p. 5; T.P. 525–72; T.P. 525–75; T.P. 525–200–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4; Joint Vision 2010, p.13; Joint Concept for NBC Defense, A1 paragraph A6; Ordnance Corps Vision, paragraphs 3–2f, 3–2d, and 3–2e.

TR 97–017, Information Display. The Army requires a family of displays to access information easily from any location in the battlespace. Display requirements include an integrated family of displays that covers various needs from large screen displays in a homestation, rear area, or CP environment; mobile displays that can be accessed en route or in moving ground and aerial vehicles; and personal displays used by the individual soldier such as a heads up capability. Each of these display applications must be adapted to specific information needs and resolution requirements. All displays must be capable of realistic 3D portrayal and evolve to incorporation of holograms and full sensory virtual reality presentation. Displays must be fully reconfigurable to suit situational needs and personal preferences without disrupting the underlying information sources. Interactive tools must be incorporated in the display capability. The display hardware and software must be user friendly and minimize operator training requirements. Because the systems will be employed in stressful physical and mental environments, multiple layers of menus should be avoided. Achieving this capability facilitates access to tailored battlefield information from any location either static or OTM.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–013; AR 97–001, AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–010, AR 97–011, AR 97–013, AR 97–014; AV 97–002, AV 97–011, AV 97–012; CH 97–003; CM 97–001, CM 97–008; EN 97–003, EN 97–005, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–030; MI 97–001, MI 97–005, MI 97–007; MP 97–003; SC 97–006; SP 97–011; BCL 97–001, BCL 97–003, BCL 97–005, BCL 97–008; DSA 97–006, DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–015, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–020, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–027, DSA 97–028; MMB 97–018, MMB 97–019; MSB 97–007; TRD 97–003, TRD 97–008; FA 97–005, FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–012, FA 97–013, FA 97–015, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–024, FA 97–031, FA 97–035, FA 97–036.

References: FM 100–13; T.P. 525–3; T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–41; T.P. 525–60; T.P. 525–63; T.P. 525–70; T.P. 525–72; T.P. 525–75; T.P. 525–200–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4; Joint Vision 2010.

TR 97–018, Relevant Information and Intelligence. Establish linked processes to collect, process, and provide critical information and intelligence, that supports battlefield visualization, decision making and information operations—both offensive and defensive. Identify commanders critical information and priority intelligence requirements to support decisions. Develop essential elements of friendly information and requirements for non–military information. Assess friendly IO/C4I/C2 warfare (C2W) capabilities and vulnerabilities. Assess adversary IO/C4I/C2W capabilities and vulnerabilities.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; AR 97–001, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007, AR 97–014; AV 97–004, AV 97–012; CM 97–001, CM 97–008; EN 97–007, EN 97–008; FA 97–006, FA 97–007, FA 97–010, FA 97–013, FA 97–022, FA 97–023, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; MI 97–002, MI 97–004; OD 97–003, OD 97–014; BCG 97–008; BCL 97–003, BCL 97–004, BCL 97–010; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–022, DSA 97–025; MMB 97–002, MMB 97–017, MMB 97–018; MSB 97–012; TRD 96–003.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–7; T.P. 525–20; T.P. 525–21(R); T.P. 525–41; T.P. 525–55; T.P. 525–60; T.P. 525–69; T.P. 525–70; T.P. 525–71; T.P. 525–72; T.P. 525–75; T.P. 525–100–1; T.P. 525–200–1.

TR 97–019, Command and Control Warfare. The Army requires the ability to conduct combined, joint, and coalition operations that enhance and protect the commanders decision cycle and execution while negatively impacting an opponent’s ability to operate and make decisions. Information dominance must be achieved through the effective use of intelligence, C2, C2W operations, and supported by available friendly information systems. Information operations must be conducted across the full range of military operations in all battlespace conditions. Information operations encompass the need to protect information, attack information nodes, and exploit information sources.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–006, AD 97–008; AR 97–003, AR 97–006, AR 97–007; BCL 97–012, BCL 97–013, BCL 97–014, BCL 97–015; BCG 97–008; CM 97–007; DSA 97–030; EEL 97–007, EEL 97–009, EEL 97–010; EN 97–010, EN 97–011, EN 97–012, EN 97–013, EN 97–014, EN 97–026; FA 97–027; MI 97–003 MI 97–008, MI 97–009; MSB 97–002, MSB 97–005, MSB 97–008, MSB 97–009, MSB 97–014; MD 97–002; MP 97–003, MP 97–004; SP 97–001, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–012, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–018, SP 97–020.

Information Protection—Information protection requires the capability to reduce the adversary’s ability to attack friendly information systems and reduce friendly vulnerability to counter information gathering operations. C4I systems must survive to operate in all weather conditions, on dirty battlefields, and despite enemy disruption efforts. The protection capability must provide warning of unauthorized penetration and monitoring; facilities protection; a capability to recover from loss of processing capability or loss of data; computer virus detection, protection, and source identification; and multilevel security and controls to disguise active signatures and prevent pattern detection. Decoys must simulate sight, sound, thermal, image, and electronic signatures of friendly high–payoff C2 nodes. The capabilities supporting the protection of C2 and decision making information will also be available to protect non–C2 information systems.

Information Attack—Information attack requires the capability to destroy, disrupt, deny, deceive, degrade, target, destroy, or neutralize adversary information networks and C2 systems. Options may vary from surgical jamming of the frequency spectrum to intrusion into C2 systems to manipulate data. To effectively conduct information attack, a thorough understanding of the adversary’s decision making and C2 process is required. Information attack systems must be multifunction and modular and capable of defeating optics, electro–optics and night vision devices; jamming the entire frequency spectrum; electronic intrusion and data manipulation without alerting operators of computer compromise; electronic deception; computer attack; and the use of precision munitions to seek out and destroy high–payoff information systems engaged in collection, processing, dissemination, or display of information. Information attack impedes the adversary’s decision making process and potentially lengthens friendly decision making timelines and windows of opportunity.

Information Exploitation—Information exploitation requires integrated ground, airborne, and space–based multidiscipline collection systems that support situation development. Capability requires the collection of information from an adversary’s information age systems such as digital and LPI communications. Tools must exist to allow for analysis of an adversary’s C2 system. Distributed all–source analysis and dissemination systems are required to facilitate seamless access to intelligence information at all echelons.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–75.

TR 97–020, Information Collection, Dissemination, and Analysis. The Army requires collection capability that enables warfighters to see and understand the 360–degree, 3D battlespace with the timeliness necessary to shape the battlespace. The collection capability must be an integrated effort between ground, airborne, spacebased, manned or unmanned, organic, nonmilitary intelligence, joint, national, or multinational assets. Sensors must be able to detect, identify, and locate and confirm active and passive targets that are underground, above ground, waterborne, airborne, or in space to support targeting, situation awareness, or force protection requirements. To support targeting requirements sensors must be capable of collecting air and missile threats, supporting counter–drug activity, supporting the employment of smart munitions, detecting enemy emitters, detecting missile launchers, detecting chemical and biological (CB) facilities, detecting ICBMs/SLBMs, detecting logistics forces, and discerning and attacking targets through the employment of a smart/brilliant munitions. To support situation awareness requirements sensors must be capable of detecting "modern" communications signals and nontraditional electromagnetic signals, friendly and enemy data, terrain data, weather data, soil conditions, climatic information, NBC contamination (including physical state and density data), toxic industrial chemicals, natural and manmade obstacles, obscurants (including wavelength and density), battle damage assessment and the presence of mines; collecting information from adversarial data stores and map adversarial C2 nodes; providing reconnaissance, surveillance, early warning, and indications and warning; and supporting counter–drug activities, police intelligence operations, identification friend or foe (IFF), and drop–zone intelligence.

To support force protection requirements sensors must be capable of detecting intrusions in support of area security, supporting airspace deconfliction and IFF, and supporting survivability through the detection of laser employment, muzzle flash, use of millimeter–wave or acoustics and radar warning. Information must be collected for all levels of operations regardless of natural or manmade environmental conditions (weather, terrain, obscurants, electronic warfare, cluttered conditions, day/night, etc.). Collection systems must be modular and tailorable with multifunction capabilities and extended ranges. Collectors must be full spectrum, capable of covering wide areas, multidimensional, and extremely accurate to enable precision operations and strike. Sensors must operate autonomously in semiautomatic and manual modes, function within short detection timelines, be capable of remote operation, operate in a real–time/seamless environment, perform dedicated long–dwell missions, discriminate between conventional and weapons of mass destruction munitions, handle mass attacks, automatically identify targets, employ sensor–to–shooter linkages, operate in both point and area modes, be easily reprogrammable and employ modular plug–in capabilities. Capability is needed to enable a critical, timely, and near–instantaneous dissemination with associated mixed, netted, distributed, and nondedicated systems from foxhole to national command authority to ensure relevant information is passed to the en route commander.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004, AD 97–006, AD 97–007, AD 97–011; AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–009, AR 97–010, AR 97–011; AV 97–005, AV 97–007; BCG 97–005, BCG 97–007, BCG 97–008; BCL 97–006, BCL 97–007; CH 97–011; CM 97–002, CM 97–009; DBS 97–013, DBS 97–014; DSA 97–002, DSA 97–003, DSA 97–005, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–009, DSA 97–010, DSA 97–011, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–018, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–028; EN 97–004, EN 97–005, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–009, EN 97–011, EN 97–021; EEL 97–005, EEL 97–007, EEL 97–012, EEL 97–013, EEL 97–015; FA 97–002, FA 97–003, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–010, FA 97–013, FA 97–022, FA 97–024, FA 97–029; IN 97–600, IN 97–620, IN 97–621, IN 97–622, IN 97–630, IN 97–640, IN 97–650, IN 97–670; MI 97–003, MI 97–008; MMB 97–001, MMB 97–002, MMB 97–007, MMB 97–008, MMB 97–009, MMB 97–010, MMB 97–011, MMB 97–012, MMB 97–013, MMB 97–015, MMB 97–019, MMB 97–020; MSB 97–003, MSB 97–007, MSB 97–012, MSB 97–014; MP 97–010, MP 97–011; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–3; T.P. 525–5, p. 2–7, paragraphs 2–2.h.1 and 2–2.h.2, p. 2–9, paragraph 2–3b(2), p. 3–2.b.(7), p. 3–2.b.(7)(c), p. 3–2.d.(6), p. 3–6, paragraph 3–2.a.(4), p. 6, paragraph 3–2, p. 3–7, paragraph 3–2.a.(10), p. 3–8, paragraphs 3–2.b.(2), 3–3b(1), 3–3b(6), 3–2.b(7)(a), 3–2.b(7)(c), 3–2.d(6), and 4–1e(2)(f), p. 3–9, paragraph 3–2.b, p. 3–10, paragraphs 3–2.b.(7) and 3–2(c), p. 3–11, paragraph 3–2.c.2, p. 3–20, paragraphs 2–3.b.1, 3–3.c.4, and 4–1.b.3, p. 4–7, paragraph 4–1.e.(2), p. 4–8, paragraphs 4–1c and 4–1e; T.P. 525–60; T.P. 525–63; T.P. 525–70, p. 4, paragraph 3–3.a, p. 5, paragraphs 3–3 and 3.3.b.3, p. 5–6, paragraphs 3–3.a.4 and 3–3.b; T.P. 525–75, paragraphs 3–3b, 3–3f, 4–5b, and 4–5f; T.P. 525–200–2 p. 5, paragraph 3–3.b, p. 6, paragraph A–5.a.(6), p. 5, paragraph 3–3.b, p. 6, paragraph A–5.a.(4), p. 7, paragraphs A–5.a.(11) and A–5.c; T.P. 525–200–3, T.P. 525–200–5, p. 6, paragraphs 3–7b and 3–7a, p. 8, paragraph 4–4d; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–021, Real–Time Target Acquisition, Identification, and Dissemination. The Army requires the capability to conduct continuous, responsive, proactive, real–time ground, air and space–based target acquisition from a moving or stationary platform. Capability to detect, locate, track, identify and classify active and passive targets in all weather, all terrain and all environments at extended ranges throughout the extended, 360–degree, 3D battlespace. Capability to defeat emerging threat protective systems. Capability to precisely conduct automatic target recognition, battle damage assessment, and moving target indication with zero target location error. Capability to disseminate targeting information throughout the force with a netted, distributed, nondedicated, integrated, seamless communications network. Capability must be compatible with fratricide prevention measures, operated beyond threat’s ability to detect and inside threat’s detection and response times.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–006; AR 97–004; AV 97–005; DSA 97–009, DSA 97–010, DSA 97–011, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–016, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–028, DSA 97–030; EEL 97–005, EEL 97–012; FA 97–001, FA 97–002, FA 97–007, FA 97–008, FA 97–013, FA 97–020, FA 97–024, FA 97–029, FA 97–035, FA 97–036; IN 97–660.

References: T.P. 525–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

4. Mobility/Countermobility

TR–022, Mobility—Combat Mounted. Capability of combat forces to dominate maneuver and use position advantage to deliver fires in order to destroy the enemy’s will to fight. This includes speed, acceleration, in–stride obstacle mitigation, firing OTM, gaining position advantage against the threat, real time dissemination of battlefield information and situational awareness, and NBC detection and mitigation on a stabilized platform in all battlespace environments to include battlefield clutter. Must be capable of extended operations with decreased logistics and must provide commonality and equality in both speed and maneuverability for all ground and aerial maneuver vehicles supporting the force. Must be capable of meeting load bearing requirements for mission accomplishment.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–002; AV 97–002, AV 97–008, AV 97–009; AR 97–002, AR 97–012; BCL 97–001; CM 97–001, CM 97–002, CM 97–004, CM 97–005, CM 97–008, CM 97–009; DSA 97–007, DSA 97–008, DSA 97–015, DSA 97–019, DSA 97–020, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–025, DSA 97–027; EN 97–003, EN 97–007, EN 97–008, EN 97–009, EN 97–018; FA 97–011, FA 97–021, FA 97–025, FA 97–026; IN 97–300; MMB 97–003, MMB 97–004; MSB 97–001, MSB 97–005, MSB 97–006; MP 97–001, MP 97–005, MP 97–007, MP 97–008, MP 97–013; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020.

Reference: Operational Concept for Maneuver Engineering.

TR 97–023, Mobility—Combat Dismounted. Forces operating in dismounted battlespace require the capability for rapid, agile maneuver in close terrain, vehicular restrictive terrain, and during airborne, air assault, and waterborne operations. Human capability enhancements of load bearing capabilities and nutritional/medical enhancements of human performance will make dismounted soldiers capable of extended activity in all physical environments and climates, to include night and obscured environments.

Branch FOCs: CM 97–003; DBS 97–030, DBS 97–031, DBS 97–033, DBS 97–034; EEL 97–017; EN 97–007, EN 97–008, EN 97–009, EN 97–018; IN 97–310, IN 97–320, IN 97–321, IN 97–330; MD 97–003; MSB 97–001, MSB 97–006, MSB 97–008; MP 97–005, MP 97–013.

References: T.P. 525–200–3; Operational Concept for Maneuver Engineering.

TR 97–024, Combat Support/Combat Service Support Mobility. Capability to effectively and efficiently move resources in a timely manner and keep pace with the supported force. Will provide maneuverability and agility, survivability, flexibility, timeliness, and safety in daylight, darkness, collision avoidance, and obscured vision conditions during all phases of movement.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–002; AV 97–008, AV 97–009, AV 97–010; CM 97–013, CM 97–016; DSA 97–019; EN 97–09, EN 97–15, EN 97–16, EN 97–17, EN 97–18, EN 97–19, EN 97–20; FA 97–011, FA 97–O21, FA 97–030; MD 97–003, MD 97–005, MD 97–006; MP 97–005; MSB 97–008; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–004, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–020; TC 97–003.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–200–3; T.P. 525–70; T.P. 525–75; T.P. 525–78; T.P. 525–200–2; TRADOC Black Book No. 4; Joint Vision 2010.

TR 97–025, Countermobility. Capability for commanders to restrict the mobility of the threat, to control battle tempo, and to seize and maintain maneuver dominance. Capabilities include area denial, disrupting, turning, fixing or blocking enemy movement at the appropriate times and places of need. The capability also covers rapid, effective accurate delivery and emplacement of battlefield obstacles through use of direct/indirect, air/ground operations. Obstacles may consist of lethal or nonlethal means of delaying and neutralizing enemy formations before they can be brought to bear. Other capabilities include planning, creating, and emplacing manmade obstacles and exploiting natural obstacles while simultaneously assuring our own freedom to maneuver.

Branch FOCs: BCL 97–003; CM 97–007, CM 97–010, CM 97–011; EN 97–010, EN 97–011; FA 97–028, FA 97–033; IN 97–180; MMB 97–007; MSB 97–013, MSB 97–014; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4; Joint Vision 2010; Mission Need Statement for Tactical Liquid Explosives.

TR 97–026, Deployability. Capability to rapidly deploy, employ, and redeploy while keeping pace with future technological advances in air, land, sea, and space delivery capabilities in support of strategic operational and tactical power projection and prepositioned operations. Capability to be deployable with minimal preparation, operate in and from unimproved areas (at sea this includes operating in seastate 3), and conduct en route operations. Capability to be rapidly operational with minimal support upon arrival with emphasis on reception, staging, onward movement, and integration to the tactical assembly area.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–001; AR 97–002; AV 97–008; BCL 97–001; CH 97–009; CM 97–012; CS 97–002, CS 97–004; DSA 97–018; EEL 97–002, EEL 97–003, EEL 97–018; EN 97–004, EN 97–006, EN 97–007, EN 97–009, EN 97–014, EN 97–016, EN 97–017, EN 97–018, EN 97–020, EN 97–021, EN 97–029; FA 97–014, FA 97–016, FA 97–021, FA 97–026; IN 97–301; MD 97–002, MD 97–006, MD 97–008; MP 97–016; FI 97–001, FI 97–004, FI 97–005, FI 97–006, FI 97–008; MSB 97–001; QM 97–001, QM 97–002, QM 97–003, QM 97–004, QM 97–005, QM 97–006, QM 97–009, QM 97–011; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–003, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–011, SP 97–012, SP 97–013, SP 97–014, SP 97–015, SP 97–016, SP 97–017, SP 97–019, SP 97–020.

References: T.P. 525–5; T.P. 525–60; T.P. 525–100–1; T.P. 525–200–2; T.P. 525–200–5; T.P. 525–200–6; TRADOC Black Book; CASCOM Pub—Vision of Combined Arms Support.

TR 97–027, Navigation. Forces require navigation capabilities that produce automated and on–demand, real–time, on–board, all–weather position location that locates terrain features and elements of friendly units, while they are stationary and OTM. Capability will provide an autonavigation feature linked to terrain products and operational plans. Navigation information will be an integrated part of situational awareness. Capability includes aerial, ground, and water surface navigation and movement masked by terrain.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–004; AR 97–002, AR 97–003, AR 97–004, AR 97–006, AR 97–007; AV 97–002; CM 97–014; DBS 97–032; DSA 97–006; EEL 97–002; EN 97–004, EN 97–007, EN 97–011; FA 97–005, FA 97–012; IN 97–320; MMB 97–003; MSB 97–014; MP 97–006; SP 97–001, SP 97–002, SP 97–006, SP 97–007, SP 97–009, SP 97–010, SP 97–012, SP 97–014, SP 97–017.

References: FM 100–13; T.P. 525–5; TRADOC Black Book No. 4.

TR 97–028, Unmanned Terrain Domination. Capability of land forces to dominate an area of operations through the effects of mass (the necessary concentration of combat power at the decisive time and place) without the need to fully commit troops. Includes the autonomous unmanned capability to achieve total situational awareness (on the ground or in the air), evaluate data received, develop courses of action consistent with the commander’s intent, and employ combat power (lethal and nonlethal "smart" munitions) to achieve the commander’s objectives. This "economy of force" means will control terrain, reduce the risk to soldiers in certain areas, and complement and maintain maneuver dominance at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels. Additionally, this capability will substantially enhance peacemaking and peacekeeping operations.

Branch FOCs: AD 97–002, AD 97–007, AD 97–009; AV 97–002; DSA 97–001, DSA 97–002, DSA 97–006, DSA 97–007, DSA 97–009, DSA 97–010, DSA 97–011, DSA 97–012, DSA 97–013, DSA 97–014, DSA 97–015, DSA 97–017, DSA 97–021, DSA 97–024, DSA 97–025; EEL 97–01, EEL 97–04, EEL 97–05, EEL 97–06, EEL 97–07, EEL 97–13; EN 97–04, EN 97–10, EN 97–11; FA 97–001, FA 97–013; MI 97–001, MI 97–003, MI 97–008; MMB 97–001, MMB 97–002, MMB 97–012; MSB 97–002, MSB 97–014.

References: T.P. 525–5, paragraphs 3–2b and 4–9; T.P. 525–75; TRADOC Black Book No. 4, p. 16, 23, 24; Joint Vision 2010 (p. 13, 18); Mission Need Statement for Teleoperated Munitions; Mission Need Statement for Nonlethal Mines and Munitions; Mission Need Statement for Unmanned Terrain Domination Capabilities.

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