2. Army International Organizations
a. The Deputy Under Secretary of the Army for International Affairs (DUSA[IA])
The Army has taken several steps to streamline Army International Cooperative Programs toward achieving the goals elaborated by Secretary of Defense Perry with the formation of the DUSA(IA). On May 15, 1996, the DUSA(IA) was formed to integrate, coordinate, and focus all Army international activities to include regional assessments, policy integration, security assistance, international cooperation, and resource management activities. All policy functions from SARDA, DCSOPS, DALO, and AMC were brought together. This consolidation provides the Army with a more unified coordinated international policy and approach for international activities from operations to requirements, to materiel development, to international standardization and Multinational Force Compatibility (MFC).
The DUSA(IA) draws the line between policy and execution; the DUSA(IA) develops and promulgates policy with AMC and TRADOC executing that policy. AMC will continue to oversee the development and execution of International Agreements (IAs) for materiel development to feed MFC. TRADOC will manage the development of coalition doctrine through such forums as Army to Army Staff Talks and international programs such as the Battlefield Interoperability Program (BIP), while continuing the development and execution of International Standardization Agreements--all designed to promote MFC that will enable the Army to fight two Regional Conflicts at one time.
b. The U.S. Army Materiel Command, International Cooperative Programs Activity
To enable AMC to execute international agreements in support of materiel development, HQDA "chartered," i.e., empowered AMC, to develop and execute IAs (Information/Data Exchange Agreements, Scientist and Engineer Exchanges, and Technical Research and Development Project Agreements) for AMC- managed technology. This is done under HQDA (DUSA[IA]) policy, whereby 21 days' silence is consent in order to execute. A new approach to staffing international agreements is now being promulgated to the field activities in the form of Integrated Product Teams (IPTs). This approach to product development, which will now be used to staff international agreements, calls on key individuals involved in a process to bring their skills and expertise to bear as a team. With the Army's new "single voice approach" through the DUSA(IA), the empowerment of TRADOC and AMC to approve and execute international programs, and the IPT process, the staffing and disposition of international agreements will be significantly streamlined.