3. Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs)
FFRDCs perform, analyze, integrate, support, and/or manage basic or applied research and/or development, and receive at least 70 percent of their financial support from the federal government. FFRDCs have access to government and supplier data, employees, and facilities beyond that which is common for a normal contractual relationship. (A master list of these activities is maintained by the NSF.) The Army is the government sponsor for two FFRDCs: the Arroyo Center, a research division of RAND, Santa Monica, California; and MITRE Corporation's C3I operating division in Washington, D.C.
Staff at the Arroyo Center perform studies and analyses for the Army. This FFRDC's mission is to provide objective and independent analytical research on major Army policy, management, and technology concerns, with an emphasis on mid- to long-term problems. Efforts include policy and strategy analyses; research within the framework of the Army's future force needs and employment concepts; analyses and testing of alternative policies for manning, training, and structuring the Army of the future; analyses of issues associated with future readiness and sustainability; and studies in applied technology. These analyses identify and assess the ways in which technological advances can enhance the future Army's capabilities. Examples in this last area include an assessment of advanced light armored vehicles, terrorists and biological weapons in the 1990s, and the Army's role in space.
MITRE Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) FFRDC has two divisions, the MITRE Bedford Division sponsored by the Air Force and the MITRE Washington Division sponsored by the Army (the "primary sponsor" is in OSD). The mission of this FFRDC is to conduct studies and analyses, systems engineering support, and laboratory experimentation based on sponsors' requirements. MITRE conducts its own In-House Research and Development, tailoring the programs to sponsors' missions. An important link between the Air Force and the Army, MITRE provides an objective, technical basis for the conception, analysis, selection, design, and evaluation of information and communications systems.