C. Technology Cooperation with Non-Profit Institutions
Universities provide advanced scientific and engineering education which is critical to military security and economic strength, and have traditionally performed a major part of the nation's long-term basic research. Since the 1940s, the Army has supported academic work in areas of potential military interest. In response to evolving social, economic, and budget realities, Army support to universities is emphasizing more focused effort on Army problems, more effort to transition research results into commercial or dual-use products, and more support to people and institutions traditionally underrepresented in the national scientific and engineering enterprise.
To contribute to its own and the nation's future strength, the Army is increasing its efforts to support interest in science and engineering careers in colleges and universities, high schools, and elementary schools.
The Army cooperates with non-profit institutions (including universities) by means of CRDAs and PLAs (see Section VII.B.3), and the Army STTR program uses small businesses to commercialize technology developed in these institutions (see Section VII.B.2).
The Army is the government sponsor for two federally funded R&D centers (FFRDCs) and, as appropriate, uses the unique capabilities of FFRDCs sponsored by others.