2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
Space systems and space applications are continuing to increase in importance to operational capabilities. The use of satellite communications, terrain and navigation using Global Positioning Systems (GPS), satellite weather forecasting, space systems to conduct information operations, intelligence collection, and threat warning systems to support operations are indications of the success the Army has had in normalizing space into standard operating procedures. The use of space products supports Army doctrine during peacetime and in times of conflict.
As space applications are primarily in the area of force enhancement and force application, the Army looks at the exploitation of space systems as a valuable means of enhancing existing systems and inserting operational capabilities not previously available. In addition, many space applications can be implemented by the use of commercial systems. One example of this is the commercial space package procured by the Army in FY94/95, which consists of commercial fixed and mobile satellite terminals, commercial weather receivers, mission planning and rehearsal systems, the prototype Tri-band satellite communications terminal, and the multispectral image processing systems. This equipment is available from Army Space Command to support contingencies and deployment exercises by providing initial communications, mapmaking capability, in-theater weather forecasting, and mission planning and rehearsal. Table III-Q-1 represents the relationship between the Space Modernization areas and Systems, Systems Upgrades and Advanced Concepts (S/SU/ACs). Force application will, in the near term, involve the protection of North America from ballistic attack and will include Army systems to counter such attacks.
Table III-Q-1. Space System Capabilities
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