Chapter III. Technology Transition
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

4. Roadmap for Army Logistics

Table III-O-2 presents a summary of SU/ACs and Technology Demonstrations in the Army logistics science and technology program that support Logistics Modernization.

Table III-O-2. Logistics Demonstrations and Systems Summary

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The roadmap in Figure III-O-1 portrays the projection of programs to include technology demonstrations, ATDs, and SU/ACs which support Logistics Modernization.

Figure III-O-1. Roadmap for Logistics Modernization

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a. Project the Force

The project logistics function encompasses strategic, operational, and tactical mobility needed to rapidly deploy CONUS-based forces and sustain operations to ensure land force dominance and decisive victory. There are five key components of "Project the Force": militarily useful railcars, rapid sealift, versatile airlift, improved airdrop delivery, and flexible Logistics-Over-the-Shore (LOTS). The Army Strategic Mobility Program supports the U.S. Air Force C-17 and U.S. Navy Fast Sealift programs to provide airlift and sealift components. The following demonstration will support the advanced development of the army's airdrop delivery component.

Precision Offset, High Glide Aerial Delivery (94-99). Semi-rigid Deployable Wing (SDW) technology will be used to demonstrate precision, high offset delivery of supplies and equipment. Details can be found in Section H, Close Combat Light. Supports: Aerial Delivery, Precision Offset, High Glide Aerial Delivery, EELS, DSA, and CSS Battle Labs.

b. Sustain the Force

The sustain logistics function includes all services needed to provide ammunition, water, food, fuel, personnel hygiene, mortuary affairs, and personnel support. Medical sustainment of the force is significant. Section J of this chapter discusses the Combat Health Support Moderization Strategy. Modernization of sustainment functions focuses on logistics automation, survivability, and improving the quality of life of soldiers. The following ATD and Technology Demonstrations support sustaining the force.

Total Distribution ATD (TD ATD) (94-97). The TDATD will demonstrate the integration of automated logistics planning tools, computer simulation and modeling techniques, advanced microelectronics, satellite tracking, and communications technology to significantly enhance total asset visibility by displaying the requirements for and the location of assets at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels. The objective Total Distribution System (TDS) would support an enhancement to the Total Distribution Program capability to provide strategic, operational, and tactical commanders with automated logistics planning and visualization capabilities for force deployment, sustainment, and operational execution using artificial intelligence technology and management information system (MIS) data bases. Potential Objective Supply Capability (OSC) upgrades, combined with space and terrestrial communications technology, will be linked to distributed, object-oriented Standard Army MIS (STAMIS) systems and logistics data bases (i.e., transportation, ammunition, supply, and maintenance) to significantly reduce supply planning time and demonstrate a capability to analyze alternative courses of action prior to directing, rerouting, or redistributing assets. Supports: Joint Logistics Proposed ACTD, Logistics Survivability, and Total Distribution System.

Improved Multipurpose Fluids and Lubricants Technology Demonstration (94-97). Advanced formulation technologies and new materials will be employed to provide fluid/lubricant products which exhibit improved performance, multifunctionality, and global operability. These products will provide the Army enhanced capabilities in the pre- positioning of materiel and supplies, to support mobilization and deployment of forces, and for sustainment of forces once deployed and during offensive operations. The improved fluids and lubricants being demonstrated will use advanced additive technologies and new base materials to meet existing/future equipment needs and comply with environmental initiatives. These products will provide up to 300 percent increase in corrosion protection and will expand operational range of products by 25F to 90F. The improved fluids/lubricants will reduce component failures such as battery/starter usage by 25 percent and will reduce waste oil generation on the order of 20 percent. In addition, the products will significantly enhance logistics, replacing multiple existing fluids (3 specifications for 1 specification) and lubricants (2/5 specifications/grades for 1/3 specifications/grades). Supports: Logistics Survivability, all ground combat vehicles.

Emerging Petroleum Quality Technology Demonstration (94-98). Advanced technology and automated devices/systems will be employed to provide rapid on-the-spot assessment of bulk and packaged petroleum products from CONUS and/or host nation support. The advanced technologies being demonstrated for Petroleum Quality Analysis (PQA) will use automated analytical techniques and emerging methodologies in conjunction with computer-based expert systems. The devices/systems will replace all existing petroleum laboratories, reduce testing time from 3 hours to 10 minutes, and decrease manpower requirements by 75 percent. This emerging technology is state-of-the-art and will serve as a foundation for follow-on industry efforts. PQA will provide commanders the combat service support equipment required to enhance sustaining momentum, maintaining operational/tactical maneuver freedom, and optimizing the use of locally available supplies. The capability to utilize locally available petroleum products with attendant risks will significantly reduce logistics and enhance mobility of forward units. Supports: Logistics Survivability, all ground combat vehicles.

Mobility Enhancing Ration Components (MERCs) Technology Demonstration (96-98). By FY98 the Mobility Enhancing Ration Components (MERCs) will demonstrate technologies of shelf stable, highly acceptable, eat-on-the-move/eat-out-of-hand components for operational rations. Ration components will be suitable for individual or group ration systems that support highly mobile and deployed troops. MERCs will be suitable for arctic, jungle, desert, mountain, and urban environments. The goal is to provide novel ration components (e.g., shelf stable sandwiches) which can be consumed on-the-go with no preparation or heating required and which are compatible with existing ration systems. Supports: Army Field Feeding Future.

c. Core Support to the Force

The core support logistics functions are those basic capabilities necessary to keep the Army operating efficiently. These capabilities include providing hot food, electric power generation, modernizing support equipment, explosive safety improvements, and updating aging materiel handling equipment. The following technology demonstrations will support the advanced development of advanced shelters and improved combat living capabilities.

Rapid Deployment Food Service for Force Projection Technology Demonstration (94-99). With renewed emphasis on fresh foods and changes in Army policy from two hot meals per week to one a day, fundamental changes are required in field kitchens to support Rapid Force Projection. This program will demonstrate advances in diesel combustion, heat transfer, power generation, and food storage. The fundamental changes in kitchen design will include centrally heated equipment, integral power, and heat-driven refrigeration. These technologies will be developed, integrated with other improvements on a kitchen platform and demonstrated in field scenarios. The demonstrations will show necessary increases in mobility, deployability, reliability, maintainability, and efficiency that will yield higher quality meals faster and cheaper. Supports: Rapid Deployment Food Service for Force Projection.

Electric Power Generation Technology Demonstration (95-98). This TD will support the army's vision of the digitized battlefield by developing light, highly mobile power sources that support implementation of the "one fuel forward" policy. Commercially available compression ignition engines with piezoelectric injection combustion schemes are being modified. Advanced permanent magnet materials offer lightweight and high temperature tolerant sources of raw AC power (with widely varying AC frequencies). High frequency electronic power switches provide very low weight and high efficiency for the conversion of widely varying AC power to stable AC or DC power. Applicable alternate thermal technologies include thermophoto-voltaics, thermoelec- trics, Alkali Metal Thermal Electric Con- verters (AMTEC), and fuel cells. Supports: Electric Power Generation and Force Provider Upgrades.