Chapter III. Technology Transition
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

1. Introduction

Fire support is the collective and coordinated use of indirect fires, target acquisition data, armed aircraft, and other lethal and nonlethal means against ground targets in support of maneuver force operations. The mission of fire support is to destroy, neutralize, or suppress the enemy with indirect fires and integrate all available means of fire support.

Fire Support responsibilities focus on close support fires in support of engaging maneuver units, counterfire (the attack of enemy indirect fire support systems), and interdiction (the attack of enemy laterally and in-depth). It includes artillery, mortars, other non-line-of-sight weapons, Army aviation, naval gun fire, close air support, and electronic countermeasures.