Chapter III. Technology Transition
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

3. Modernization Strategy

The Combat Maneuver Annex to the AMP provides the blueprint for equipping engineer forces into the next century. It embraces the Army's Modernization Vision--LAND FORCE DOMINANCE--by contributing to the five Army modernization objectives.

Project and Sustain: The assessment and construction or reconstruction of ports, airfields, roads, and other infrastructure to rapidly and consistently project forces and maintain logistical forces.

Protect the Force: Construction of structures to protect critical command and control, weapon systems, and logistics nodes by camouflage, concealment or bunkerage.

Win the Information War: Provide engineer-related force level information, standard hard copy and digital maps, map substitute imagery, battlefield visualization products, and other types of terrain data give commanders a realistic view of the battlefield. Information and products must be readily available, rapidly updated, and quickly manipulated or tailored. Real-time electronic distribution to all elements of the force will increase leader battlefield awareness and allow commanders to operate inside their opponent's decision cycle.

Conduct Precision Strike: Utilization of accurate electronic terrain data for display and tactical exploitation to obtain precise location data of both the target and the shooter. Engineer assessment of conventional weapons effects against hard structural targets will ensure correct munition-to-target linkage. This will lead to improved effectiveness and precision of weapon system fires and total dominance of the deep battle.

Dominate the Maneuver Battle: Enhancing the tactical mobility of friendly maneuver forces and impeding the mobility of threat forces to provide commanders both protection and maneuverability necessary to dominate battlespace.

The EMW modernization strategy relies on continuous modernization as a key concept. The acquisition approach emphasizes investment in S&T programs leading to Advanced Technology Demonstrations (ATDs), targets of opportunity, Battle Lab Experiments, Advanced Warfighting Experiments and the Joint Countermine Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration. Technological advances will be incorporated more often into systems via upgrades versus entirely new systems.

Of the EMW battlefield mission areas, mobility and survivability are currently receiving a new focus in S&T due to the ever increasing mine threat. Effective and responsible mine warfare obstructs the mobility and survivability of opposing forces and creates conditions favorable to the mine employer without inflicting needless casualties on noncombatants. Mine warfare constitutes a significant element in armed conflict at all levels of intensity and is critical to early entry forces who may be overmatched. The Intelligent Minefield (IMF) ATD will enhance the antiarmor lethality of the early entry force, cue fires beyond line-of-sight, and provide the potential to revolutionize maneuver. IMF can not only be turned off to provide one-way obstacles, but should be able to augment friendly maneuver forces by performing screen and guard missions autonomously. Mines are cheap, lethal, psychologically disruptive, and readily available, and they will be encountered on all future battlefields. The result is that relatively cheap mines employed quickly and in quantity can immobilize a powerful force.

Mine improvements will likely continue at a rapid pace. Inexpensive, land mines can destroy multi-million dollar weapon systems. The future outlook is even more ominous, with the evolution of new smart mines. Micro-electronics will soon take mines to new levels of lethality. The countermine shortfall is particularly worrisome because it strikes at the heart of Army's doctrine of rapid movement and surprise to win quick decisive victories. The S&T and acquisition community are totally committed to solving and fielding equipment by providing adequate resources and support.

Joint Countermine Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (CM ACTD) (95-00). This ACTD will demonstrate a seamless amphibious and land warfare countermine operational capability from sea to land by coordinating Army, Navy, and Marine Corps technology demonstrators, prototypes, and fielded military equipment.

Demonstration I, planned for FY97, focuses on near-shore capabilities of assault, reconnaissance, breaching, and clearing with emphasis on in-stride detection and neutralization of mines and obstacles. The Army is lead for Demonstration I. It includes joint Army/Marine Corps technology demonstrations in mine detection technology for the Army's future close-in manportable mine detector, with the capability to detect both metallic and non-metallic mines (Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System, Vehicular Mounted Mine Detector ATD); and countermeasures to side attack mines (Off-Route Smart Mine Clearance) in support of conventional minefield breaching and clearing operations. These technologies are applicable to other military uses such as unexploded ordnance and range clearing, duds on the battlefield, and demining.

Demonstration II, planned for FY98, will emphasize technologies of clandestine surveillance and reconnaissance as described in the FY94 Navy Mine Warfare Plan and will demonstrate the elements of seamless transition of countermine operations from sea to land. The Navy is lead for Demonstration II.