Chapter III. Technology Transition
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities

The five major Soldier Systems operational capabilities are: Command and Control (C2), Lethality, Survivability, Sustainability, and Mobility.

Command and Control is the soldier's ability to direct, coordinate, and control personnel, weapons, equipment, information, and procedures necessary to accomplish the mission. Command, control, and communications combined arms compatible systems provide total situational awareness from the aggregated capabilities of the soldier's radio and computer (using the Army's emerging architecture), integrated with digital head-mounted displays, combat ID, and navigation aids. Improvements will focus on individual communications, computer control systems, position navigation, information fusing and management, visual and aural enhancement (including image capture and transmission), and situational enhancement.

Lethality is the soldier's ability to detect, recognize, and destroy the enemy targets. Lethality systems will enhance individual, crew, and personal combat weapons with improved effectiveness. The Objective Individual Combat Weapon (OICW) ATD is the lethality component of the Soldier System and will provide the capability to attack defilade, non-line-of-sight targets and targets that have gone to ground. The LW capabilities will provide accurate, rapid, automated target handover to indirect fire support, enhancing the lethality of the total force.

Survivability is the ability to protect oneself against weapons effects and environmental conditions. The number one requirement for survivability is a "capability to place accurate fire on the enemy without exposing himself to fire," which will be accomplished through the integration of the OICW fire control and the LW system. Survivability systems will integrate multiple threat protection against ballistic, flame/thermal, chemical/biological, directed energy, surveillance, and environmental hazards. Combat identification capabilities will be integrated into soldier systems to minimize fratricide. Exploitation of the digital net, coupled with inherent enhancements, will significantly improve the survivability of the individual soldier and the entire force through increased controlled dispersion and a common picture of the battlefield.

Sustainability is the ability to maintain the force in a tactical environment. Sustainability systems will be adaptable to all levels of operations on the dynamic battlefield. Features include advanced A-ration quality field rations, nutritional tailoring to enhance physical and mental performance, a capability to eat on the move, individual purification of all water sources, and improvements in field feeding and field services. Sustainability also includes individual soldier power sources for low power draw tactical system components (e.g., computer/radio, helmet system, fire control).

Mobility is the ability to move about the battlefield with accompanying load to execute assigned missions. In the far term, it is envisioned that combat load handling devices will be employed to reduce the combat load of the dismounted soldier. Future mobility systems will allow accurate rapid air insertion for personnel, supplies, and equipment from ultra-high to very low altitudes at maximum airspeeds. Enhancing dismounted operations in snow and ice and at night will also be addressed. Advanced mobility sensors, coupled with the navigational aids (e.g., GPS, digital maps/overlays), greatly enhance the speed and accuracy of nighttime maneuverability of the individual and unit.

The Army's soldier modernization strategy calls for the demonstration, development, and integration of a series of Systems and System Upgrades (S/SUs). Soldier S/SUs have their reatest impact in the functional areas of Dismounted Battlespace, Battle Command, Combat Service Support, and Early Entry. New operational capabilities that will be afforded in each of these functional areas are listed in Table III-I-1.

Table III-I-1. Soldier Systems Modernization System Capabilities

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