Chapter I Strategy and Overview
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

4. Management and Oversight

The S&T Program is planned, programmed, and conducted by the Military Departments and the Defense Agencies. The Departments are responsible for training and equipping the military forces and use the S&T program to provide warfighting and system options for their components. The Defense Agencies are responsible for specified generic and cross-service aspects of S&T. They also execute designated programs in support of national security objectives. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is charged with seeking breakthrough technology and with investing in technologies that are dual use in nature, serving as a basis for both defense and commercial application.

The Director of Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) is responsible for the overall quality and content of the DoD S&T program. The DDR&E, aided by the Defense S&T Advisory Group (DSTAG) and the newly created Reliance Executive Committee, ensures that the program responds to the needs of the U.S. military and to the national goals embraced in the program's vision (see Figure I-30).

Figure I-30. Defense S&T Management and Reliance

The DDR&E assesses Service/Agency compliance with program guidance by means of Technology Area Review and Assessment (TARA) teams. Each TARA team, comprised primarily of outside technology experts and chaired by DDR&E technical staff, annually reviews the Defense Technology Area Plan (DTAP) prepared by joint expert teams of senior Service and Agency technologists. The process to annually update the DTAP, Joint Warfighting Science and Technology Plan (JWSTP), and Basic Research Plan (BRP) is managed by the Reliance Executive Staff; the TARA process is managed by the DDR&E. The 19 DTAPs (which remain the basis for the taxonomy of Chapter IV of the ASTMP) in FY95 were consolidated into 10 beginning in FY96, as shown in Figure I-31.

Figure I-31. TARA Teams and DTAPs
TARA Team and New DTAPS Previous TAPS
Air Platforms
  • Part of Aerospace Vehicles
  • Part of Aerospace Propulsion and Power
Chemical, Biological Defense and Nuclear
  • Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defense
Information Systems and Technology
  • C3
  • Computing/Software
  • Modeling/Simulation
Ground and Sea Vehicles
  • Ground Vehicles and Watercraft
  • Materials/Processes/Structures
  • Civil Engineering and Environmental Quality
  • Manufacturing Science and Technology
Medical and Biomedical
  • Medical and Biomedical S&T
Sensors and Electronics
  • Sensors
  • Electron Devices
  • Battlespace Environments
Space Platforms
  • Part of Aerospace Vehicles
  • Part of Aerospace Propulsion and Power
Human Systems
  • Human Systems Interface
  • Individual Survivability and Sustainability
  • Manpower, Personnel, and Training
  • Conventional Weapons
  • Electronic Warfare and Directed Energy Weapons

The DTAP/JWSTP/TARA relationship and recent process instituted by the DDR&E with the DSTAG (see Figure I-32) are intended to make Defense S&T even more responsive to the warfighter and acquisition customers, increase the relevance and efficiency of the Defense S&T Reliance organization and process, and improve the overall effectiveness and efficiency of S&T strategic planning, programming, and assessment. The Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Advanced Technology) is responsible for creation and oversight of ACTDs.

Figure I-32. Strategy, Planning, and Assessment Flow Diagram

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