Annex F. Special Operations Technology
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

1. Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Detection, Classification, Neutralization, and Protection Systems

Technologies that should have the potential to provide capabilities for rapidly detecting, precisely locating, and accurately classifying fixed and mobile WMD threats from standoff distances in both semi- and non-permissive environments. Proposed technologies should demonstrate potential for use as either a man-portable or a SOF mobility platform (ground, air, maritime) mounted system useable in underground facilities. Technology must be compatible with SOF mission scenarios and be suitable for SOF tactical or clandestine environments. Technologies are needed to detect deep underground structures; and also to assist SOF in disabling or defeating systems in such facilities. Technologies should be able to detect U.S., foreign, and improvised nuclear, biological, and chemical agents currently available or projected to be used on the battlefield or in an Operations Other Than War (OOTW) scenario. Technologies are desired to assess and analyze nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons in order to cause yield reductions; to assist in disassembly; to perform advanced diagnosis; and to help neutralize, render safe, or otherwise destroy the weapon in a semi- or non-permissive environment. Technologies are also desired to perform initial chemical agent analysis and identification in a remote and austere environment. Most individual and unit NBC detection and protection technologies are more Service-like items and, although desired and utilized by SOF forces, they usually are not suitable for SOF-only missions. For example, SOF requires very lightweight, one-time-use but low-volume NBC protection.