Annex E. International Armaments Strategy
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

2. Lithium and Ni-M-H Batteries and Fuel Cells (France)

Description: Future manportable weapons and sensors, communications, and other electronics equipment will require power sources with increasingly higher energy densities and operating life.

Current lithium primary batteries are not cost effective in meeting manportable power requirements and exceed weight requirements for individual soldier systems. Advanced lithium and nickel metal hydride (Ni-M-H) batteries will meet very near term manportable power requirements, but, beyond that, development of more powerful batteries will be necessary. The development of compact, high-energy fuel cells may also address power requirements of individual soldier systems for personal cooling/heating and CBW protection.

Justification: Significant requirements for low cost, long life power sources across a wide spectrum of military applications, including manportable equipment and future individual soldier systems. Training requirements will continue to consume a large number of these resources

Implementation: World leaders in the development of lithium and Ni-M-H batteries and fuel cells include the United States, the United Kingdom, PACRIM, France, and Russia. The DEA with France has potential for contributions to ASTMP goals and objectives. Additionally, an umbrella agreement concerning Technology Research and Development Projects (TRDP) exists with France, and might serve as an additional exchange mechanism, via the establishment of a Project Agreement (PA) covering this technology.


Dr. Rodney Smith
Army Materiel Command
5001 Eisenhower Blvd
Alexandria, VA 22333-0001
e-mail: [email protected]


Ms. Annette Chomsky
Ft. Monmouth, NJ 07703
e-mail: [email protected]