Annex D. Space And Missile Defense Technologies
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

D. U.S. Army Space Command (ARSPACE) Demonstrations

USARSPACE is a subordinate command of USASSDC and the Army component of the U.S. Space Command (USSPACECOM). USARSPACE provides USSPACECOM an Army perspective in planning for DoD space systems support to land forces and missile defense operations; ensures integration of Army requirements; responds to Commander-in-Chief U.S. Space Command (USCINCSPACE) directed taskings; commands assigned forces; and conducts planning for DoD space operations in support of Army strategic, operational, and tactical missions. The missions of USARSPACE include supporting USCINCSPACE as the Army component; commanding the Defense Satellite Communications System Operations Centers (DSCSOCs), and managing joint tactical use of the Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS); conducting planning as the "user" of assigned Army Missile Defense forces; supporting the warfighter; and executing the Army Space Exploitation Demonstration Program (ASEDP).

USARSPACE executes the ASEDP by planning and conducting the selection process for technology, concept, and operational demonstrations. The demonstrations' classes are based upon the developmental maturity of the item or capability to be demonstrated. The purpose of the demonstrations is to match space capabilities with Army needs and to exploit and leverage DoD, Other Government Agencies (OGAs), and commercial space investments.

TRADOC Battle Labs, elements of USASSDC, and other Army organizations are major participants in this process. Actual execution of demonstrations may be accomplished by any of the participants with most operational demonstrations being executed by USARSPACE. Requirements derived from this process also drive the prioritization of technology demonstrations/efforts by MDSTC. These demonstrations have focused on integrating space capabilities into the Army to support more efficient, economical, and timely mission execution. As the program continues to evolve, it has become even more focused upon incorporating space-related capabilities as officially recognized elements of unit exercises and wargaming. Topical areas for demonstrations include position/navigation, communications, missile warning, environmental observation, and intelligence-related capabilities.

Through interaction with the TRADOC Battle Labs, the Louisiana Maneuver evaluations and exercises, and in the recently defined FORCE XXI programs, these demonstrations have obtained recognition as one method of determining operational requirements for objective systems. Also, use and evaluation of Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment during contingency operations has led to many lessons learned which in turn have influenced the operational requirements driving science and technology plans. Because these demonstrations are highly dynamic in their structure and content, specific information about future demonstrations should be obtained from the Plans Division of USARSPACE (DSN 692-8720).

USARSPACE has also established the Advance Concepts/Technical Support Office to document and coordinate requirements for longer term technology development efforts. It will focus on technology and space-related capabilities that could be demonstrated in the 2- to 5-year or longer time frame and that should be included as technology demonstrations within the ASEDP. This new office will define requirements on which MDSTC space cell research and development efforts will be focused.