Annex D. Space And Missile Defense Technologies
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

B. Missile Defense Battle Integration Center (MDBIC)

The MDBIC was established in January 1995 to give SSDC and the Army a computerized simulation capability to integrate and evaluate Theater Missile Defense and National Missile Defense architectures. The MDBIC also supplies analysis needed by the Army Space Command to model space assets. The MDBIC is developing a Synthetic Battlefield Environment (SBE) for Theater Missile Defense to provide weapon developers, battle planners, and warfighting commanders an interactive way to simulate precise operational scenarios. The Distributed Interactive Simulation compliant Defense Simulation Internet SBE will be modular to permit replacement of a simulated element with the actual hardware, providing the capability for hardware-in-the-loop as well as human-in-the-loop testing. The MDBIC is working closely with the Army Training and Doctrine Command to develop ways to integrate its Battle Lab locations throughout the United States into a single, comprehensive battlefield simulation for the Force XXI campaign. Through the MDBIC, SSDC has and will be inserting missile defense capabilities into the activities of the Battle Labs, the Louisiana Maneuvers Program, Army Warfighting Experiments, and other Force XXI exercises. The MDBIC-in conjunction with the Army Theater Missile Defense Force Projection Tactical Operations Center (TOC)-provides the simulated battlefield environment needed to train and prepare TOC crews for the split-second decision-making necessary to defend against the ballistic missile threat. Together they create a force of "virtual combat veterans" who can, should the need arise, utilize the available technology, interpret the information, and make the decisions that will protect our allies and our forces and wage a winning theater missile defense battle.

The MDBIC consists of three major elements:

1. The Operations Directorate develops and implements four-pillar-active defense; passive defense; attack operations; and battle management/command, control, communications, computers and intelligence-TMD integration programs with related Army and Department of Defense efforts.

The Analysis Division uses various models and simulation tools to analyze the effectiveness of systems and concepts in combat scenarios.

The Engineering Division identifies and validates system requirements; assesses system vulnerability, technology, and threat; and provides engineering support throughout hardware integration and acquisition.

The Concept Demonstration Division coordinates field testing and demonstration of missile defense-related components, subsystems, and systems.

The Exercises and Training Division coordinates and executes MDBIC's involvement in Commander-in-Chief exercises and Army Warfighting Experiments by integrating four-pillar missile into the scenario and providing simulation stimulus to drive exercise play through the MDBIC's SBE.

The Force XXI Division coordinates integration missile defense technologies, capabilities, and simulations into the Force XXI campaign plan; interfaces with TRADOC Battle Labs regarding missile defense integration; and assists with integration of missile defense capabilities into warfighting experiments and exercises.

2. The Simulations Directorate provides required modeling and simulation hardware and software tools.

The Simulation Development Division develops and maintains models and simulation tools for analysis of TMD, NMD, and military space systems from the engineering to the system level, emphasizing benefits to the soldier in the field.

The Combat Environments Division provides a wide variety of expertise for the SBE, including reconfigurable software/hardware platforms in the Virtual Combat Testbed, geographical and spatial support from the Spatial Weapons System Analysis Center, as well as threat modeling and scenario development.

The Computer Resources Division provides mission critical computer/ communication resources and technical engineering services for the space and missile defense community in the Advanced Research Center, the Simulation Center, and the Warfighting Analysis and Integration Center.

3. The Testbed Product Office develops and fields the Extended Air Defense Testbed and the Extended Air Defense Simulation and jointly develops the Israeli Testbed.

The Extended Air Defense Testbed (EADTB) forms the core of the SBE-TMD. The user-friendly, highly flexible EADTB affords a high-fidelity modeling capability to materiel developers and combat developers as well as operational commanders.

The Extended Air Defense Simulation (EADSIM), a low-to-medium level fidelity simulation, will continue to be used as a "first-cut" analysis tool. This simulation, widely used during Desert Storm operations by all four U.S. military services, currently has more than 200 subscriber sites worldwide.

The Israeli Testbed, a low-fidelity simulation with human-in-the-loop capability, was jointly developed to provide TMD simulation capability for the Israelis and is currently operational in Israel.

Future plans include developing the flexibility to use both the Extended Air Defense Simulation and Testbed in an interchangeable role within the SBE architecture. The SBE will participate in several Army field exercises.

Table D-3 shows the correlation between the MDBIC's technologies and the TRADOC Battlefield Dynamics, as well as the correlation to TMD/NMD. It also illustrates in general terms the capabilities of each technology.

Table D-3. MDBIC Capabilities

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