1. Characteristics of Combat Service Support
Combat Service Support required for the accomplishment of the Army's Post Cold War missions need to effectively transition the Army to a CONUS-Based Force Projection stance.
a. A Total Distribution System (TDS) is required to effectively integrate material management and distribution management. The key elements of TDS are:
(1) Containerization and Packaging improvements to speed shipping (sea, air, rail, and truck), reduce transloading handling requirements, and to better protect supplies and material in shipment and storage throughout the pipeline from manufacturer to the user. The need improved packaging includes the capability to be decontaminated. Additionally, containers capable of transporting leaking chemical munitions to decontamination points are needed.
(2) Distribution Management improvements are needed to permit accurate tracking of customer location and delivery point grid coordinates (position) through battle planning and execution visibility. This visibility includes accurate tracking of supplies and material intended for the customer throughout the distribution pipeline.
(3) Intransit Visibility/Total Asset visibility needed incorporates linkage systems that permit immediate availability of data pertaining to the location of military assets to support an effective Distribution Management System.
b. Soldier Sustainment needed incorporates logistics capabilities to support the individual soldier in forward areas. Focus will be on medical support, field services, and personnel services.
(1) The combat health support system is a continuum from the forward edge of the battle area through the CONUS base. It is a system that provides medical management throughout the levels of care on the integrated battlefield. Combat Health Support (CHS) requires capabilities to simultaneously provide medical support to deploying forces; provide health care services to the CONUS base; and establish a CHS system within the theater. Additionally, there will be a requirement to provide medical support to redeployment and demobilization operations at the conclusion of military combat operations. Furthermore, CHS requirement will surface in support of operations other than war (OOTW). Typical OOTW operations include disaster relief, humanitarian and nation assistance, support to domestic civil authorities, and various peacekeeping activities. The preventive medicine system must improve soldier sustainability through medical threat analysis and prevention of endemic disease or injury from environmental, occupational, biological and chemical warfare agent hazards. Rapid casualty location and acquisition, combined with prompt, effective resuscitation and early surgical management are required to reduce the killed in action and died of wounds rate. Highly mobile forward surgical teams are required to perform urgent resuscitative surgery for casualties who require surgical stabilization prior to further evacuation. Ground and air evacuation platforms require increased patient transport capacity, enhanced enroute monitoring and treatment capability, and safety features. Medical organizations must be modular in design to provide the necessary flexibility, mobility, and increased capability required to support a force projection Army. Health care personnel at all echelons of care must be able to communicate with one another by audio, video, and electronic media. Combat stress operational capabilities require far-forward prevention and intervention for combat stress over the continuum of operations. Comprehensive veterinary medical and surgical programs are required to maintain the health of government animals. Veterinary inspections are required in the following areas: subsistence at point of origin, Department of Defense operational rations: commercial food, water, and ice establishments, and surveillance of biologically/chemically contaminated subsistence. A requirement exists to provide a seamless state-of-the-art system of combat health support command and control.
(2) Field Services required includes improve water purification, storage, distribution, and the capability to provide support to the individual soldier. Improvement are needed in capability to provide nutritious, microbiologically safe food in a wide variety of environmental and tactical situations. Improvements are needed in personal hygiene services such as advanced laundry, shower, exile repair and renovation, personal clothing, equipment decontamination and personnel decontamination in modern tentage and shelters.
(3) Personnel Services within DoD there needs to be standard, integrated, automated finance and accounting system which can be deployed with finance units for wartime and contingency operations. The system must be available to all military Services and be capable of providing requisite finance and accounting support to commanders and Service members, to include such functions as pay, travel, commercial accounts, disbursement, and accounting.
c. System Sustainment improvements are needed to better sustain Army, Joint, and Coalition weapon systems without the luxury of a well developed mature theater. This also includes the capability of tactical CSS units to keep pace with maneuver units and provide CSS during movement. Requirements exist for forward area container handling systems, improved Reliability, Availability, Maintainability - Durability (RAM-D), simplified and more accurate diagnostics and repair procedures, and a prognostics capability that will better predict, provision for, and automatically feed system sustainment software being developed. Improvements are needed in fuels, lubricants, and associated products that will enhance the performance of mechanical systems. Also need improvements in petroleum quality analysis, fuel distribution, and rapid refuel capability. Interoperability and standardization with joint and likely coalition partners is essential to reduce transportation/distribution workload.