Annex A. Science And Technology Objectives (STOs)
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)

IV.Q.12. Warfighter Physiological Status Monitoring. Commanders are concerned with detailed intelligence on enemy forces and are usually well informed of the status of their own materiel; however, they lack tools to access basic information on the physiological readiness of their own soldiers. In the fog of war, it is especially difficult to rapidly assess available human assets. A family of physiological sensors will be developed into the research tool kit needed to gather useful data on soldier status. This data, organized and reduced through a system of knowledge management, will be used to iteratively refine predictive models and to guide the development of a wear-and-forget soldier-acceptable Warfighter Status Monitor (WSM). Information commanders want to have about predicted and current status of soldiers will be provided. The communication and computation platform for the WSM will be the DARPA-developed Personnel Status Monitor (PSM) or its equivalent. All systems will be coordinated with soldier systems command to assure compatability with 21st Century Land Warrior and follow-on programs.

By FY98, a miniaturized accelerometry system will provide a personal assessment of cumulative sleep deficit and predicted level of psychophysiological performance. By FY98, the MERCURY model system of environmental hazards will be complete, predicting soldier performance in specific real-time locations. By FY99, a sensor suite consisting of technologies such as accelerometry, ausculation, spectroscopy, electrical impedance, and force and temperature sensing technologies will be connected through wireless body local area network (LAN) system, with remote passive data interrogation capabilities. By FY01, a knowledge management system will be developed to reduce information obtained through the WSM system and predictive performance and health risk models to provide essential information which commanders want to have. By FY03, enabling technologies will provide additional sensors for special environments, such as bioelectronic toxic hazard sensors, to detect imminent physiological threats in the immediate environment, as well as minute embedded sensors which will bring automation and reliability to physiological sensing.

Dr. Fred Hegge MAJ Mark Seymour LTC Dunham
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