First Deputy Chief --- KLISHIN, M. V. (Agentura.ru,
30 Sep 1999).
First Deputy Chief --- PETRUSHKIN, V. F. (Agentura.ru,
8 Sep 1999).
Deputy Chief of GUSP (Chief of a Directorate) --- BUGAYEV,
A. M. (Agentura.ru, 30 Sep 1999).
- [As Chief, Zorin was also
appointed Chairman of the INTERDEPARTMENTAL COMMISSION OF THE SECURITY
COUNCIL OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON MOBILIZATION PREPARATION AND
MOBILIZATION (Agentura.ru, 30 Sep 1999). Presumeably this
duty was passed to Tsarenko.]
- [Since 1991 Tsarenko had been
chief of the Moscow and Moscow
Oblast Federal Security Service Directorate [UFSB] and deputy director of
the Russian Federal Security Service (Segodnya 04 Jul 00).]
- [Viktor Zorin, former First
Deputy Director of the Federal Security Service was reported to have been
appointed Head of GUSP in 1998 (Russkiy Telegraf, 28 May 98).]
- [GUSP is one of a number of
"structures formed at the beginning of the 1990s on the basis of a
number of directorates of the USSR KGB" (Komsomolskaya Pravda,
20 Dec 00).]
- ["an active discussion
is under way at present about a global reorganization of the Russian
Federation President's Main Directorate for Special Programs (GUSP), which
quite recently came under the leadership of Aleksandr Tsarenko,
formerly chief of the Federal Security Service Directorate for Moscow and
Moscow Oblast. At present this organization consists only of the
Strategic Facilities Services (underground presidential bunkers, rest
homes, and dachas" (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 03 Jul 00).
- ["The GUSP is financed
under a separate heading in the budget . . . the former KGB 15th Main
Directorate, which maintains underground bunkers for top people in
the state in the event of war, is part of the president's Main Special
Programs Directorate. The directorate's specialists have a great deal of
experience of building fortified structures and tunnels and know how to
handle explosives. Moreover, the GUSP is the president's very own
special service and is accountable only to the head of state.
" (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 16 Sep 99).]
- [Placed under the supervision
of Deputy Prime Minister Yuriy Maslyukov (ITAR-TASS World Service, 6 Oct
- ["The activity of this
"office," which deals, among other things, with operational
studies, focuses mainly on strategically important problems connected with
the political and economic interests of presidential power. Most
recently the GUSP has dealt with problems of mutual offsetting of
debts, currency corridors, the escape of capital to the West, and other
issues determining the health of the Russian economy. GUSP staffers have
also brought new figures and movements into the political arena. They
developed special programs for untangling regional knots and for stopping
centrifugal trends. Ethnic and religious conflicts, opposition political
movements, and so on are within their purview. Unofficial sources claim
that the "Frolov's people" (Frolov was Zorin's predecessor),
though they have world special services' most sophisticated tools at their
disposal and "carte blanche" to use a wide range of special
measures, have generally opted to change the situation in their own favor
by means of "intellectual superiority" (judging by the results,
they have not often succeeded in this). All this falls into the category
of unofficial information. One thing is known for sure: In terms of its
organization, technical equipment, legal status, and personnel, this
structure is an elite operations and analysis special service" (Russkiy
Telegraf, 28 May 98).
- Convert to a "federal
executive institution" (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 7 May 98).
- Russian Federation
Presidential Decree No.
61 dated 24 January 1998 and signed by Russian Federation President B.
Yeltsin: "On the List of Information Categorized As a State
Secret" lists subject matter over which GUSP has classification authority.
SPECIAL OBJECTS SERVICE (Ñëóæáà
ñïåöèàëüíûõ îáúåêòîâ; ÑÑÎ)
Chief --- RÎÌÀÍEÍÊÎ, N. P. (Agentura.ru,
30 Sep 1999).