Iraqi Intelligence Service - IIS [Mukhabarat]
The Mukhabarat has a staff of about 4,000. Although there is a surprisingly detailed literature on the internal organization of the Mukhabarat, these sources diverge as to the precise nomenclature and subordination of these entities.
Directorate 1. The Private Office
The office of the director of the Mukhabarat is situated in its own building at the main entrance of the Mukhabarat complex in the Mansour district of Baghdad. All instructions and directives flow
from this office, and the director's meetings with his senior staff take place here. The
current Director of the Mukhabarat is Rafi' Dahham Al Tikriti, former director of the Fourth
Directorate of the Mukhabarat and former Iraqi Ambassador in Turkey. He assumed his present position on July 1, 1997. The Director up to June 30, 1997 was Mani' Abd Rashid Al Tikriti. The Manager of the Director's Office is Col. `Aayed Al Douri (Abu Tayseer), from Dour, and the Director's secretary is Capt. Muthana Al Tikriti (nephew of Mani' Abd Rashid).
Subdivisions of D1:
Reception and appointments
Internal and external co-ordination
The Political Bureau is probably the most important branch of the
Mukhabarat. It includes a number of Directorates.
Directorate 4. Secret Service
The Secret Service Directorate is located inside the headquarters complex of the Mukhabarat. Its activities take place both in Iraq and abroad, with agents of D4 infiltrated into Iraqi Government departments, the Baath Party, associations, unions and organisations, Iraqi embassies and the opposition. In addition, the Secret Service receives intelligence from the Al Hadi Project, responsible for SIGINT. The Directorate includes a number of offices specialising in the collection against a specific country or region, including offices for Southern Asia, Turkey, Iran, America (North and South), Europe, Arab states, Africa and the former Soviet Union. D4 works in co-ordination with D3, D5, D9, D12, D14, D18. The current Director of D4 is Maj. Gen. Abdul Aziz Al Qurtan, and the Assistant Director of D4 is Brig. Mohammed Yasin Al Shammari, from Mosul.
Directorate 8. Technical Affairs
Located in the headquarters complex of the Mukhabarat, the Eight Directorate [Technical Affairs / Forensics] is responsible for development of materials needed for covert offensive operations. It contains advanced laboratories for testing and production of weapons, poisons, and explosives, as well as facilities for finger printing all Mukhabarat members. It also assembles cameras, radio communications equipment, and employs many engineers and scientists with advanced degrees. The current Director of D8 is Dr Mohammed Al Masri, who is of Egyptian origin).
Directorate 9. Secret Operations
The Ninth [Secret Operations] Directorate is one of the most important directorates
in the Mukhabarat. Most of its work is outside Iraq in co-ordination with other Directorates [D5, D12,
D14, and D18], focusing on operations of sabotage and assassination. The Director of D9 is currently Major General Abdul Hameed Khalaf Al Bayati, and the Assistant Director of D9 is Brig Hussain Abdul Khaliq Al Douri, from Dour.
Directorate 12. Electronic Surveillance
This directorate is charged with planting video and audio bugging devices in the directorates of the Mukhabarat. Its duties also include analysing the tapes collected. It also is involved with forging currency.
Directorate 17. National Security Institute
Located in Jihad district [possibly at Abughreib in the western suburbs of Baghdad], the National Security Institute is responsible for training Mukhabarat officers. It also contains their supermarket. High school graduates take a three-year study course and college graduates take an 18-month course prior to entering the intelligence service as junior officers.
The Planning Office collects and analyses information from around the world, including open sources such as radio, satellite TV and newspapers.
The Propaganda Office conducts psychological warfare, including the dissemination of
false stories to improve the reputation of the regime and to paint the enemies of the regime (such as the Kurds, Iran or King Hussein of Jordan) in an unfavorable light.
The Special Bureau [possibly known as Office One] conducts sensitive and highly confidential operations, including interrogation of suspects, training, and security.
Directorate 5. Counter-Intelligence
Counter-Intelligence Directorate responsibilities involve detecting and countering foreign agents, with a particular focus Syrian intelligence. D5 works in co-ordination with D3, D4, D14, D18. The Director of D5 is Brig Sadoon Ali Al Tikriti, from Auja, and the Assistant Director of D5: Lt. Col. Ahmed Lahij Al Dulaimi, from Falahat village.
Directorate 6. Mukhabarat Security
Located inside the Mukhabarat complex, the Sixth Directorate [possibly Office Five] is responsible for the conduct of officers and other ranks within the Mukhabarat. Its members work within all departments of the Mukhabarat, with D6 responsible for issuing ID papers, passports and marriage sanctions for all Mukhabarat personnel. The Director of D6 is Maj. Gen. Abdul Hameed Yasin Al Ghurairi, from Haditha, and the Assistant Director of D6 is Col. Ibrahim Al `Aani.
Directorate 7. Al Haakimiya (prison)
While Mukhabarat conducts interrogations in a variety of houses and buildings, main interrogation centre is located on 52nd Street opposite the Passport Office. The Al Haakimiya prison of the Seventh Directorate [Office Seven] is a large prison building of ten floors, five of which are below ground [other sources state that the building has three floors below ground level and two above].
Directorate 19. Personnel Supervision
This directorate is responsible for surveillance of Mukhabarat employees.
Directorate 22. Protection
This directorate is responsible for personal protection of senior Mukhabarat officials and visiting dignitaries.
This Office [of uncertain designation] conducts training of agents for clandestine operations abroad. Agents attend a special school near Baghdad which provide language courses and orientation concerning the country to which they will be assigned. The Office also provides training for the operation itself. Special six-week courses in the use of terror techniques are provided at a camp in Radwaniyah.
Brigade of Mukhabarat
Brigade of Mukhabarat is the rapid intervention force military unit of the agency, armed with light and semi-heavy weapons.
Directorate 2. Administration
This directorate, located at the Mukhabarat headquarters complex, is responsible for all administrative
Subdivisions of D2.
Payments and gifts
Land and Housing
Word processing and typing
Directorate 10. Legal Directorate
Located at the headquarters complex the Tenth directorate is charged with all Mukhabarat legal matters. D10 represents the Mukhabarat in joint committees with other government departments and ministries, and e contains the court of the Mukhabarat where prisoners are tried. The Director of D10 of Brig Kamel Qurtasi Al Jenabi, and the Assistant Director of D10 is Col Saadoun Mohammed Al Mashhadani.
Directorate 11. Accounts
This directorate, located at the headquarters complex, is responsible for financial affairs and salaries for all directorates (except D1).
Directorate 13. Medical
Located at the headquarters complex, the Thirteenth Directorate is charged with medical examinations of new recruits and medical care for members of the Mukhabarat.
Directorate 15. Vehicles
This directorate is responsible for the vehicles of the Mukhabarat and their maintenance.
Directorate 16. Physical Plant
This directorate is responsible for maintenance, cleaning, repairs of all Mukhabarat buildings.
Directorate 20. Printing
This directorate is responsible for printing leaflets, books and forged documents including passports.
Directorate 27. Engineering and Construction
Responsible for construction of Mukhabarat buildings and houses for senior officers.
The subordination of these Directorates/Offices remains obscure.
Directorate 3. Surveillance
Targets of the Surveillance Directorate include suspects and possible recruits.
It is situated in the National Security Institute in the Jihad district
of Baghdad. The Director of D3 is Brig. Mohammed Al Douri (Abu Nihad), from Dour, and the Assistant Director of D3 is Lt. Col. Subhi Ibrahim Al Jibouri, from Baiji/Al Siniya.
Subdivisions of D3.
Mobile surveillance: Close pursuit of targets with vehicles.
Stationary surveillance: Surveillance of fixed premises from a house, a kiosk or a shop.
Directorate 14. Special Operations
The Special Operations [14th] Directorate, located in Salman Pak 20 km south-east of Baghdad, is one of the most important and largest in Mukhabarat. This directorate undertakes the most secret and sensitive special operations outside the country. They were responsible for the attempted assassination against President Bush, and the assassination of Talib Al Suheil. It conducts joint operations with the Mujahideen Khalq Organisation, and undertakes training of specially selected officers for this type of operation. The current Director is Brig Nouri Al Douri (Abu Ibrahim).
Directorate 18. Iran
This directorate is responsible for the Mujahideen Khalq Organisation (MKO). This directorate issues the orders and tasks for MKO operations in Iraq, Iran and other countries. The Director of D18 is Brig Ihsan Al Timmimi (Syed Ihsan), and the Assistant Director of D18 is Col Ali Bilal Hussein Al Dulaimi.
Directorate 21. Residency
This directorate, located in Karada district of Baghdad, is responsible for monitoring the
residence permits of foreigners and Arabs in Iraq.
Directorate 23. Southern District
This directorate is responsible for Mukhabarat positions and operations in the south of Iraq. It is located in Basra. It is charged with following political events and infiltrating countries neighbouring southern Iraq.
Directorate 24. Northern District
This directorate is responsible for Mukhabarat positions and operations in northern Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan. Based in Mosul, with an office in Kirkuk, it is responsible for infiltrating the opposition in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Directorate 25. Western District
Located in Ramadi (past the Warar Bridge on the road to Baghdad), this important directorate t is charged with operations and recruitment of agents in Syria and Jordan. It also co-ordinates
smuggling and gun-running across these borders and co-operates with tribes on both sides of the border. The Director of D25 is Brig Jamal Amr Al Rawi.
Directorate 26. Eastern District
This directorate, based Karbala, is responsible for operations in Karbala Governorate.
Directorate 28. Security of MIO
This directorate, located on Palestine Street in Baghdad, is charged with the security
of all Military Industrialisation Organisation facilities. It was established after the defection of Hussein Kamil in August 1995. The Director of D28 is Col Abdel Hamid Khalifa Al Dulaimi.
Sources and Methods
- The Structure of the Mukhabarat or Iraqi Intelligence Service (IIS) [This is the source for the Directorate/Office numbering system employed in this profile.]
- "Inside Iraq's security network - Parts One and Two" Sean Boyne JANE'S INTELLIGENCE REVIEW Volume 9, numbers 7 & 8, July and August 1997 [This source provides an incomplete and divergent Office numbering system, though it adds the Bureau into which the Offices are partially aggregated.]
Created by John Pike
Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Updated Wednesday, November 26, 1997 5:56:23 PM