Air Force l’Armée de l’Air
The organization of the Air Force is characterized by three hierarchical levels and three complementary chains of command. The High Command comprises the Chief of Air Staff (CEMAA = Chef d’État Major de l’Armée de l’Air), assisted by his central administration. The organization chart shows that he is directly subordinate to the Minister of Defence, whom he assists in his duties relating to the operational readiness of the Air Force. He is adviser to the Joint Chief of Staff (CEMA = Chef d’État Major des Armées) concerning the commitment of air assets and the conduct of air operations.
THREE COMPLEMENTARY CHAINS OF COMMAND
The very nature of air power demands a flexible organization in order to allow «ad hoc» task forces (occasionally joint task forces) to be assembled, according to the type of crisis and the nature of the operation. Such task forces are composed of elements drawn from organic (specific) assets. They are placed under the authority of an operational command, which is responsible to the Joint Chief of Staff,
and tailored to meet a specific task. The organization of the French Air Force provides the necessary operational flexibility and a command structure adapted to the use of military force whilst ensuring coherent
planning of air operations, unified tasking and the most effective use of resources. Thus, it can be seen that the missions and deployment of the Air Force are the responsibility of the Operational Commands while
its operational readiness depends on the Organic Commands. The latter role also includes the Air Regions that are responsible for the support of air bases and the units attached to them. The Air Force has units
throughout France, as well as in its overseas territories and foreign countries.
OPERATIONAL CHAIN OF COMMAND
- the Strategic Air Command (CFAS = Commandement des Forces Aériennes Stratégiques);
- the Air Defence and Air Operations Command (CDAOA = Commandement de la Défense Aérienne et des Opérations Aériennes).
TERRITORIAL CHAIN OF COMMAND
There are three Air Regions:
- the North-East Air Region (RANE = Région aérienne Nord Est), with its headquarters at Villacoublay;
- the Atlantic Air Region (RAA = Région aérienne atlantique), with its headquarters at Bordeaux-Mérignac;
- the Mediterranean Air Region (RAM = Région aérienne méditerranée), with its headquarters at Aix-les-Milles.
ORGANIC (SPECIALISED) CHAIN OF COMMAND
The organic (specialised) chain of command comprises five major commands:
- Air Combat Command (CFAC = Commandement de la Force Aérienne de Combat);
- Air Mobility Command (CFAP = Commandement de la Force Aérienne de Projection);
- Air Surveillance, Information and Communication Systems Command (CASSIC = Commandement
- Air des Systèmes de Surveillance, d’Information et de Communication);
- Air Force Education and Training Command (CEAA = Commandement des Écoles de l’Armée de l’Air);
- Air Force Ground Security Command (CFCA = Commandement des Fusiliers Commandos de l’Air).
AIR FORCES BASES
The Air Force base is the level at which all the links from the various commands (operational, organic and territorial) are brought together. Thus, it plays a crucial role in the functioning of the Air Force. The Base Commander has authority over all the units that are stationed on the base (this can include from 600 to 3,500 personnel). He is responsible for maintaining operational effectiveness and for the execution of orders
regarding specific missions.
The operational role of the Air Force relies on an organization that is adapted to the flexibility and mobility of air power supported by the necessary infrastructure and logistics chain. Thus, the flying units remain as light and mobile as possible, ready to be deployed rapidly in the knowledge that the support required to enable them to accomplish their missions will be provided. We apply the same concepts to our overseas
units by establishing mobile support units which deploy with their parent combat units.
Sources and Methods
Created by John Pike
[email protected]">Steven Aftergood
Updated Monday, November 15, 1999 12:55:32 PM