Appendix Two: FBI Counterterrorism
The FBI investigates terrorist groups in the United
States and acts of terrorism directed at Americans overseas. The Bureau
received these responsibilities through a series of presidential decisions
and legislative acts. The most important of these include the following:
- In April 1982, then President Ronald Reagan signed a
National Security Decision Directive giving the FBI the responsibility
of investigating terrorism in the United States.
- The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 addressed
the FBI's role in responding to hostage taking.
- The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act
of 1986 expanded the FBI's jurisdiction to include investigating acts of
terrorism directed against Americans overseas.
- In 1995, President Clinton signed Presidential Decision
Directive 39, entitled U.S. Policy on Counterterrorism which further
articulated and defined the roles of members of the U.S. Counterterrorism
Community, including the FBI.
Investigating acts of terrorism overseas includes interviewing
victims, collecting forensic evidence, and apprehending terrorist fugitives.
The FBI coordinates all overseas investigations with the U.S. Department
of State and the host foreign government.