Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Department
8 Sept 1999


"This deployment was an excellent opportunity to showcase the great strides that have been made to create yet another premier system for the United States Marine Corps' Hornet Fleet."

"...the current system proved its capabilities in a true tactical environment, consistently, during its duration in theater."

Words from Aaron Hankins of Boeing, a returning member of the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division Advanced Weapons Laboratory Team on success in Kosovo.

The call came on May 3, 1999. The Marines wanted the F/A-18D at China Lake equipped with Advanced Tactical Airborne Reconnaissance System (ATARS) sent to Hungary. They wanted ATARS and the NAWCWD team there quickly.

The Marine Corps had decided to put the day/night, all weather reconnaissance system to use as part of its contribution to the air war against Yugoslavia. ATARS, in development at the F/A-18 Advanced Weapons Laboratory at the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division had just completed its developmental testing in mid March, successfully progressing towards operational evaluation and eventual fleet release later this year. Earlier tests had demonstrated ATARS capability to provide imagery of a target more than 170 miles distant in less than 55 minutes from receiving the tasking. The ATARS reconnaissance system in conjunction with a radar upgrade gives the F/A-18Ds an all weather reconnaissance capability that other tactical reconnaissance systems don't have.

Within 72 hours of the May 3 phone call, 10,000 pounds of equipment, four Marine Corps aviators from China Lake (2 pilots from the AWL, 1 WSO from the AWL and 1 WSO from VX-9), 1 F/A-18D, and an Advanced Weapons Laboratory team of government and contractor engineers, were on their way to support ATARS integration into the fleet. In that 72 hours, there were daily, even hourly conference calls where issues were discussed in order to make it all happen. The first stop was Beaufort, South Carolina, where the test team joined up with VMFA(AW)-332, to put ATARS through its paces and familiarize squadron pilots with its operation. In addition the China Lake ATARS team in conjunction with a Boeing modification team modified an additional VMFA-332 aircraft to the ATARS configuration within 27 hours, on site in Beaufort.

As the ATARS team prepared to deploy, Dave Ferrucci, F/A-18 tactical reconnaissance program team lead at the AWL, talked about their part in ATARS development. "The AWL's job in a nutshell is to ensure that new/upgraded avionics components installed onto or into the F/A-18 aircraft are integrated properly. We were charged with performing integration testing of the ATARS pallet with the F/A-18D aircraft and the 13C Operational Flight Program."

"We had more than 10 individuals testing, analyzing potential anomalies and fixing problems that arose with the ATARS system while it was here. As you know, members of our team were in Hungary working with the squadron helping them familiarize themselves with ATARS operation. We were very excited to have it move into fleet operation so quickly." Ferrucci added.

Only 11 days after the test team headed east, word came from Gary Kessler of PMA-265 at the Naval Air Systems Command, "The C-5 (the team transport plane) is on the ramp at Beaufort. Squadrons are in briefings to depart in less than 24 hours. We have conducted 8 ATARS training flights in the last few days and all have been very successful!! Connectivity with the Team in theater has been worked out. The Team has done an outstanding job over the last few weeks pulling everything together and are committed to making sure that this will be a successful deployment of ATARS!!"

And it was successful. Initially, the ATARS imagery was used only within the squadron. The test team personnel stayed with the unit until the commander felt ready to take full control of the system. Once the operators felt confident in operating the system, they were available for regular assignments from the combined Air Operations in Vicenza, Italy where the air war was being managed. They then moved on to Hungary, where ATARs-equipped aircraft operated with a full load-out of both air-to-ground, and air-to-air weapons with the ATARS sensors installed.

Ferrucci noted early ATARS deployment was possible because of an outstanding civilian/military/contractor team. Lockheed/Martin & Boeing developed the system. The AWL military/civilian team had substantial input into the software design of the ATARS system as it related to the F/A-18's operational flight programs. The AWL team also has a high degree of knowledge on how the aircraft software actually functions and what the the aircrew and imagery analysts want and need from the system.

Attesting to the success of ATARS in Kosovo this quote was an excerpt from a message from LtCol R. Jones, CO of VMFA(AW)-332 "On behalf of the Marines in this operation and me personally, thank you for your hard work on a very, very difficult and under-funded program. You have delivered a system that made a significant impact on this squadron's success in combat. I am not overstating the case that your efforts saved lives and greatly enhanced our targeting success."

Photos by Greg Turnbaugh and Mike Johnson, TID
Reviewed and approved for public release by NAWCWD PAO 10 September 1999

Updated Fri Dec 3 10:16:46 PST 1999