The Bush Administration has begun a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of U.S. defense trade policies, to identify changes necessary to ensure that those policies continue to support U.S. national security and foreign policy goals. The review will be completed in six months.
NSPD-19: Review of Defense Trade Export Policy and National Security
November 21, 2002
The objectives of the review are to ensure that defense trade, defense trade technology security, and related acquisitions policies:
The review also aims to maintain America's technological and war-fighting advantages over its potential adversaries, while facilitating friends' and allies' efforts to increase capability and interoperability. Specifically, the review aims to:
- Support the security of the United States;
- Contribute to peace and stability, including regional security;
- Support U.S. nonproliferation and counterterrorism policies and strategies and international commitments;
- Control militarily critical technologies; and
- Protect such technologies from diversion.
Finally, the review will:
- Maintain a viable U.S. defense industrial base necessary to meet current and future national security needs;
- Facilitate fundamental research, and rapid, optimal defense exploitation of commercial developments;
- Retool and realign defense and industrial links with allies to reflect the current and evolving security environment;
- Improve the military effectiveness of alliances and coalitions;
- Increase the pool of allies and friends who can effectively fight alongside us;
- Increase allied defense spending and burden-sharing; and Increase areas of defense cooperation.
- Identify the top U.S. weapons acquisition programs for which increased industrial participation or greater access to U.S. technology by allies, and vice versa, would improve military effectiveness of U.S. coalitions.
- Identify possible specific modifications, and assess the potential risks to U.S. national security and foreign policy interests posed by such modifications, to current U.S. defense trade licensing policies and practices.
- Identify foreign market access barriers that impede U.S.-Allied defense industrial cooperation.
- Determine the effectiveness of all Defense Technology Security Initiative actions in facilitating U.S.-Allied defense trade, and develop recommendations for either continuing, changing, or discontinuing the initiative, as well as consider additional initiatives as appropriate.
- Identify technology transfer policy changes that will facilitate the ability of the U.S. military to benefit from commercial developments and international cooperation.
- Identify technology transfer policy changes that will facilitate cutting edge fundamental research in U.S. academic institutions, U.S. Government laboratories, private industry, and other organizations that engage in fundamental research.
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See also: Export Control Murkiness: U.S. Secrecy Spurs Talk of Looser Standards by Matt Schroeder, Federation of American Scientists, and Rachel Stohl, Center for Defense Information, Defense News, January 6, 2003
See also: FACA documents on NSPD 19 released under the FOIA.