THE WHITE HOUSENATIONAL SECURITY ACTION MEMORANDUM NO. 345
April 22, 1966
The Secretary of StateSUBJECT
The Secretary of Defense
Nuclear PlanningThe President wishes to have developed recommendations for enlarging the participation in and understanding of nuclear planning by both the political and military authorities of our major NATO allies.
Two alternative approaches should be considered: one which assumes the creation of a "NATO Nuclear Force" and one which does not.
Among the possibilities examined should be the creation of a permanent body of restricted membership within NATO with functions including both intensified consultation and the direction of U.S. and U.K. nuclear weapons and delivery vehicles assigned to NATO and/or collectively owned. The proposals should cover the full range of activities involved in planning for the operation of existing forces and the development of future forces: intelligence, deployment, targeting, considerations affecting use at times of crisis, research, development, production and budgeting, etc.
The primary operational focus of these arrangements should be the defense of NATO territory.
For purposes of this exercise, it should be assumed that any "NATO Nuclear Force" Plan which later may be agreed upon will not include:
a. Mixed-manning of submarines;The President also wishes to have developed other forward-looking proposals that would increase the cohesion of NATO and the North Atlantic community. These should embrace two kinds of measures:
b. A surface fleet capable of delivering nuclear weapons. The following matters should be addressed, in addition to functions:
1. participation or membership;
4. probable U.K., German, French, other NATO and Soviet reactions;
5. appropriate U.S. negotiating strategy and procedures for its execution.
a. Military and non-military programs affecting primarily the affairs of the Free World;The President wishes to have these proposals ready for review by Thursday, May 12.
b. Constructive political, diplomatic, and economic initiatives addressed to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
W. W. Rostow
Source: Department of State, S/S-NSC Files: Lot 72 D 316. Secret; Nodis (declassified).