International Crime Control Strategy - June 1998

Annex 1. Summaries of Key Related Strategies

The ICCS responds to the high priority accorded international crime in the National Security Strategy. It builds on and complements existing international anti-crime strategies, providing the framework for integrating all facets of the federal response to international crime. Key related strategies are summarized briefly below.

National Drug Control Strategy

The National Drug Control Strategy is developed and published by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). The Director of ONDCP is vested by executive order with the lead responsibility within the Executive Office of the President to establish policies, priorities and objectives for the nation's drug control program, with the goal of reducing the production, availability and use of illegal drugs. Because the United States considers the operations of international criminal narcotics syndicates a national security threat, the ONDCP, in its role as the principal adviser to the National Security Council on national drug control policy, provides policy guidance and direction in the development of related national security programs. The Director also provides oversight and direction for all international counternarcotics policy development and implementation, in coordination with other concerned cabinet members.

The National Drug Control Strategy:

Outlines a ten-year conceptual framework to reduce illegal drug use and availability 50 percent by the year 2007.

Describes the nation's illegal drug profile, including use rates among all ages, and associated societal costs, and details drug production and availability.

Adopts five overarching Goals:

Elaborates 32 supporting Objectives in support of these Goals, reflecting the "need for prevention and education to protect children from the perils of drugs; treatment to help the chemically-dependent; law enforcement to bring traffickers to justice; interdiction to reduce the flow of drugs into our nation; and international cooperation to confront drug cultivation, production, trafficking, and use."

Establishes that drug control is a "continuous challenge," and the key to reducing drug abuse is "prevention coupled with treatment."

Sets forth the development of Performance Measures of Effectiveness, a system for assessing the Strategy's success in meeting its Goals and Objectives over time.

Counterterrorism Strategy

The United States will deter, defeat and respond vigorously to all terrorist attacks on our territory and against our nationals or facilities whether they occur domestically, in international waters or airspace, or on foreign territory. The United States regards all such terrorism as a potential threat to national security as well as a criminal act and will apply all appropriate means to combat it. In doing so, the United States will pursue vigorously efforts to deter, preempt and prosecute, individuals who perpetrate or plan to perpetrate such attacks.

The United States works closely with friendly governments in carrying out our counterterrorism strategy and supports allied and friendly governments in combating terrorist threats against them.

The United States seeks to identify groups or states that sponsor or support such terrorists, isolate them and extract a heavy price for their actions.

To ensure adequate preparedness to combat domestic and international terrorism in all its forms, the United States seeks to:

Reduce its vulnerabilities to terrorism at home and abroad.

Deter terrorism through a clear public position that our policies will not be affected by terrorist acts and that we will act vigorously to deal with terrorists and their sponsors. Our actions will reduce the capabilities and support available to terrorists.

Maintain the ability to respond rapidly and decisively to terrorism directed against us wherever it occurs, to protect Americans, arrest or defeat the perpetrators, respond with all appropriate instruments against the sponsoring organizations and governments and provide recovery relief to victims.

Develop, on a priority basis, effective capabilities to detect, prevent, defeat and manage the consequences of nuclear, biological or chemical materials or weapons use by terrorists. The acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by a terrorist group, through theft or manufacture, is unacceptable. There is no higher priority than preventing the acquisition of this capability or removing this capability from terrorist groups potentially opposed to the United States.

Alien Smuggling Strategy

Federal agencies combat alien smuggling in concert with source nations, in the transit zones approaching our borders, at our borders, and within the United States.

Acting in Concert with Source Nations

The Department of State works with source and transit nations where nationals, corrupt officials and criminal organizations provide assistance to alien smugglers in order to develop common policies and laws to prevent the departure of criminal-sponsored, non-refugee and undocumented aliens. This assistance includes training, equipment and, where possible, information regarding smuggling operations. The Administration seeks to ensure that repatriated migrants are not unfairly or unlawfully treated simply for seeking to emigrate without authorization. These efforts include monitoring returnees and information exchanges with host government officials on the post-return status of returnees. The U.S. Information Agency, in concert with the Department of State, coordinates information programs to discourage economic migrants from dealing with alien smugglers.

Federal Efforts in Transit Zones

The State Department and INS work with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Organization for Migration to develop procedures that ensure migrants landed outside the United States are fairly and appropriately treated under standards that ensure protection of bona fide refugees. Under the pre-screening Carrier Consultant Program, State and INS work with air carriers to preempt attempts to use those carriers to gain illegal entry into the United States using fraudulent documents. Under this initiative and subject to safeguards for those genuinely fleeing persecution, embassies and air carriers work together to detect fraudulent documents and prevent unlawful boarding before departure to the United States.

Efforts at the Borders and Within the United States

As practicable, the INS detains illegal aliens who, with the assistance of criminal syndicates, enter the United States. Unless those smuggled aliens have a credible claim for asylum, they will remain in detention pending a final determination of their asylum status to ensure repatriation if asylum is ultimately denied. To the extent possible, smuggled aliens will have priority in processing for asylum or removal. The roles of federal agencies involved in countering alien smuggling are delineated as follows:

The Department of Justice and INS are responsible for criminal enforcement in all U.S. prosecutions and for conducting law enforcement operations and investigations inside the United States.

The Department of State implements international policy and relations with foreign governments and international organizations.

The Department of Transportation and Coast Guard, with appropriate support from the Department of Defense, carry out alien interdiction at sea.

Annex 2. Key Acronyms

ATA Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program (State)
ATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (Treasury)
BP Border Patrol (Justice)
BSA Bank Secrecy Act
CCIPS Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (Justice)
CFATF Caribbean Financial Action Task Force
CFC Chlorofluorocarbons
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CICAD Inter-American Drug Control Commission (OAS)
CPCJD Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division (UN)
CTC Computer and Telecommunications Coordinator (Justice)
CTR Currency Transaction Report
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration (Justice)
DOD Department of Defense
DOJ Department of Justice
DOS Department of State
DOT Department of Transportation
DSS Diplomatic Security Service (State)
FAA Federal Aviation Administration (Transportation)
FATF Financial Action Task Force
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (Justice)
FinCEN Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (Treasury)
FIU Financial Intelligence Unit
GTO Geographic Targeting Order
ICCA International Crime Control Act of 1998
ICCS International Crime Control Strategy
IEEPA International Emergency Economic Powers Act
ILEA International Law Enforcement Academy
INL Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (State)
INS Immigration and Naturalization Service (Justice)
IIRIRA Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization
IRS Internal Revenue Service (Treasury)
ITWG Infotech Training Working Group
MLAT Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty
NDCS National Drug Control Strategy
NICB National Insurance Crime Bureau
NIS Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union
NSC National Security Council
NSS National Security Strategy
OAS Organization of American States
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OFAC Office of Foreign Assets Control (Treasury)
ONDCP Office of National Drug Control Policy
OSAC Overseas Security Advisory Council
PAO Public Affairs Officer
PDD-42 Presidential Decision Directive 42 (October 21, 1995)
RICO Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act
SCG Special Coordination Group on International Crime (National Security Council)
SDNT Specially Designated Narcotics Trafficker
Treasury Department of Treasury
UN United Nations
UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Program
USCG United States Coast Guard (Transportation)
USCS United States Customs Service (Treasury)
USIS United States Information Service
USSS United States Secret Service (Treasury)
WCO World Customs Organization
WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction
WTO World Trade Organization

Table of Contents