Title: 'Returnees From Albania' Case Report Ends Document Number: FBIS-NES-1999-0310 Document Type: Daily Report Document Title: FBIS Translated Text Document Region: Near East/South Asia Document Date: 09 Mar 1999 Division: Arab Africa Subdivision: Egypt Sourceline: MM1003112499 London Al-Sharq al-Awsat in Arabic 9 Mar 99 p 10 AFS Number: MM1003112499 Citysource: London Al-Sharq al-Awsat Language: Arabic N/A Subslug: Part four of a four-part report by Khalid Sharaf-al-Din from Cairo: "Investigations Solve Mystery of Some Violent Incidents, Assassinations, and Explosions in Egypt Over 12 Years. Defendants Justify Attacks on Tourists as Pressure on the State. They Tell How They Watched the Houses of Some Security Officials and Police Officers" [FBIS Translated Text] One of the incidents attributed to defendant Husam Nuwayr, who is now on trial in the Returnees from Albania case, was the attack on the Egyptian National Bank 7 February 1994 in which defendant Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah Sayyid planted an explosive device in front of the bank. Another incident was the 15 February 1994 attack on the Alexandria-Kuwait Bank in which defendant Hasan Salih Mahmud planted an explosive device in front of the bank as he had been instructed to do. Other incidents included the attack on the International Commercial Bank in al-Muhandisin 23 February 1994, the attack on the Mustafa Kamil Branch of Misr Bank, the attack on the Egyptian-American Bank in al-Muhandisin, and the attack on the Nile Office Tower in al-Jizah. All these attacks were carried out on his instructions, and he personally provided the weapons for them. The defendant's response to all these charges was just one word: No. The State Security Prosecution Office's investigator continued to confront the defendant with the evidence. He leveled a number of charges against him, some of them related to his ties before he fled from Egypt with Tal'at Yasin Hammam, one of the fundamentalist organizations' leaders who was later killed in a confrontation with the security forces. Other charges related to his ties abroad, both with the Afghan and the Balkan groups, in addition to his constant presence at the acts of violence that Egypt witnessed throughout all these years. The most notable of these acts were the attacks on banks and important installations and the assassination of Maj. Gen. Ra'uf Khayrat, assistant director of the Higher State Security Intelligence Service, who at the time was in charge of monitoring the activities of the extremist fundamentalist organizations. Nuwayr responded to all these accusations with one single word: No. The investigator recorded the following: As the defendant Ahmad Jabr was in the Prosecution Office building to be questioned in the case, we summoned him. When brought face to face with the defendant Husam Muhammad Khamis Nuwayr, defendant Ahmad Jabr confirmed that he was the person he knew as 'Adil Anwar. Defendant Husam denied any connection with him. We decided then to ask him the following: [Question] What is your comment on defendant Ahmad Jabr's confessions, his recognition of you, and the details of your arrest? [Answer] What happened was that at the end of April I was performing the afternoon prayers at the Jamal-al-Din al-Afghani Mosque in Harun al-Rashid Street in Heliopolis. When I left the mosque, I bought the Al-Ahram al-Masa'i paper and began to read it. But I was arrested for no reason that I knew of. [Question] When and how did this happen? [Answer] I do not remember exactly when this happened but it was in the Harun al-Rashid Street in Heliopolis. [Question] What was the reason for your presence there at that time? [Answer] I was performing the afternoon prayers at the Jamal-al-Din al-Afghani Mosque. [Question] Who was with you at the time? [Answer] I was alone. [Question] What did you tell the person who arrested you? [Answer] We did not talk. [Question] What do you say about your admission in the record of your arrest that you had in the past organizational and ideological links with leading Islamic Group [IG] figures inside and outside the country? [Answer] I heard about Safwat 'Abd-al-Ghani because his name and photograph were frequently in the papers because he was a defendant in the al-Mahjub case who had escaped. His photograph was in the papers all the time. But I know nothing about Mamduh 'Ali Yusuf, 'Izzat al-Salamuni, Usamah Siddiq, or any of these names at all. [Investigator] The record of your arrest also said that you had ties with leader 'Izzat al-Salamuni, who asked you to recruit new members and put you in charge of organizing the IG's actions in the 'Ayn Shams area. The record also said that leader Safwat 'Abd-al-Ghani asked you to help 'Izzat al-Salamuni manage the IG's organizational work in Cairo city. The record of your arrest said that leader Mamduh 'Ali Yusuf asked you to travel to Asyut to obtain and bring back the automatic rifles which were used in the assassination of [Former People's Assembly Speaker] Dr. Rif'at al-Mahjub. The record also said that, following the assassination of Dr. al-Mahjub and the arrest of the perpetrators, you went to live in the apartment of defendant Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah Sayyid 'Uthman in the Bulaq al-Dakrur area until you subsequently managed to escape. It said too that you were responsible for protecting defendant Tal'at Yasin Hammam when he went out to call the IG leaders abroad. You were also responsible for the exchange of the organization's messages containing Tal'at Yasin Hammam's instructions to defendant Muhammad Fawzi. Hammam also asked you to hide a quantity of copper strips that were used in the explosions and which you received from him in defendant Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah's apartment in al-Zaytun. Tal'at Yasin also asked you to hand over these strips to defendant 'Ali Sirhan. He asked you to hand over a quantity of explosives to defendants Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah, Hasan Salih, and Hasan Hamid and to order them to use these explosives in the attacks on police officers and banks. The record of your arrest said that you took responsibility for manufacturing the explosive devices following the arrest of defendant Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah. You moved 21 hand grenades, 20 kgs of TNT, and some of the organization's papers from its hideout in al-Zaytun to the Kafr al-Shurafa' area. The firm reply to all these charges was the same: No. ASSASSINATION OF A MAJOR GENERAL [subhead] The investigations can possibly be said to have included the history of all the bloody events in Egypt since the death of Dr. al-Mahjub until the arrest of the defendants in the Arab Albanians case. 'Isam Shu'ayb, who joined the IG in the 1980s, continued his confessions before the Higher State Security Prosecution Office. These confessions accurately highlighted roles that had remained mysterious in a number of violent incidents in Egypt over the past 12 years. His confessions touched on a number of political and security figures who were closely watched by the IG throughout these years. Its attempts to assassinate them ended in failure for one reason or another. The investigator asked the defendant the following at the start: [Question] What was your partners' role in watching these figures as reported in the memorandum of the State Security Intelligence service? What was their specific role in the attacks on tourists in the Pyramids area? [Answer] Shaykh Muhammad Ibrahim's usual role was to provide security backup. He stood at the point that controlled the site we had under surveillance. Shaykh Yasir Sidqi's role was to implement the action. In this incident, he stood on the safety island in the middle of the road near a park and at a distance of around 25 meters from me so that he could point out to me the bus when it arrived. The signal was for him to put his hand on his head. [Question] What weapons did each of you carry? [Answer] Shaykh Yasir did not have any weapons. I and Shaykh Ibrahim carried a bundle of explosives. [Question] On which part of the bus did you throw the explosive device? [Answer] At the windows in the middle of the right hand side of the bus. [Question] What were you wearing? [Answer] Shaykh Yasir was wearing light-colored jeans and a blue jacket. This jacket is in my house in al-'Imraniyah. I was wearing a loose light-colored jacket over a vest. I do not remember exactly whether it was a vest or a shirt. I wore checkered trousers and sports trainers. As far as I can remember, Shaykh Muhammad Ibrahim wore light-colored jeans, a black leather jacket, and a koufiyah [traditional Arab headdress]. [Question] What was the aim of the attack? [Answer] To harm the tourist sector. [Answer] Did you not check the explosive material inside this device? [Answer] It was black gunpowder. [Question] How do you justify the killing of tourists? [Answer] In the first place, tourists come to Egypt and teach our sons vice and corruption and spread AIDS. Our youths were not like that but have become delinquent as a result of tourism, which brings in big revenues for the infidel regime. Therefore damaging it means exerting pressure on the regime. [Question] Does the shari'ah permit the killing of tourists as you say? [Answer] I am not well versed in shari'ah. There are brother scholars who know the details of the shari'ah and we trust them. At any rate, these are things I do not know much about. [Question] What were your detailed activities in the acts of monitoring, surveillance, and assassination? [Answer] First of all, I did not have any role in the assassination actions. My monitoring and surveillance role was very limited. There were several levels in this action. It started with the obtaining of information, then came a normal watch, and this was followed by meticulous and extensive surveillance. I never did such a thing with anyone. [Question] Which figures did you help keep watch on, as you said in your remarks? [Answer] I only provided information about them. It concerned just one person, a fellow called Majdi who lived in the Pyramids area. He and his brothers had a sign saying Lawyers, but he was in fact an officer at the Liman Turah Prisons. I knew because I worked in an air conditioning workshop and used to see him. I got my information from my presence in the area and reported his description to Shaykh Muhammad. He was 1.73 meters tall, well built, black and white hair, a moustache, and he had a swarthy complexion. [Question] How did you know whether any of these figures were in their houses? [Answer] By the guards around the house. I started asking questions as soon as I saw guards and hence knew the identity. [Question] Did you report this information in writing? [Answer] No. It was all done orally. [Question] When did you report the information you collected about the figures you have mentioned? [Answer] It was in early 1993 for the brigadier general living in Faysal. I reported on his physical build, rank, and residence. I know how to reach his house but I do not know the name of the street. As to the senior rank (he meant the senior officer) in al-Rawdah, that was done during Ramadan of the same year. I also passed information at that time about the writer or journalist in al-Manil (...). I obtained the information about Maj. Gen. Mansur al-'Aysawi (a prominent security official who was director of security in Cairo and then governor of al-Minya in Upper Egypt) when I was in his place of residence. Doormen, people who live on other floors, and shop owners usually talked about people like him who lived in the same area. I recall that it was Shaykh Yasir who told me that Maj. Gen. al-'Aysawi was living in that area. I confirmed this from the doormen. At the same time, there were guards in the al-Qasr al-'Ayni Street. Shop owners and sandwich or fruit juice sellers there talk without anyone asking them. I knew from their remarks and gossip that the education minister and a judge in the military courts who sentence the bothers to death lived in that building. One month later, I reported on the major general in the square near the Sheraton Hotel. I reported this information to Shaykh Muhammad Mustafa, who had asked me to report to him any information I could get about any police officer so as to assist in his assassination. [Question] Who were the targeted figures when your activities went beyond the level of just reporting information to the higher level of a normal watch? [Answer] There were three persons: An officer called 'Isam Fathi, an informer in the State Intelligence Service called Nafadi, and Maj. Gen. Ra'uf Khayrat. [Question] What happened when you watched and monitored Maj. Gen. Ra'uf Khayrat? [Answer] I want to say something important first about these three figures. Muhammad Mustafa or Yasir Sidqi used to tell me to go and watch this person in this area or to go and watch a police officer. They were the source of the information, not I. I agreed to meet Sayyid in the al-Haram Street where Maj. Gen. Ra'uf lived and to walk to his house. I and Sayyid stayed together during most of the watch. The first time we went there, it was noontime and we did not find him. I said to Sayyid: Come, let us go and perform the noon prayers, eat, and then come back. When we returned, I knew from the number of guards that he was back. Thus we knew that he would be at home between 1300 and 1400 hours. To obtain more information, I said to Sayyid: Let us come here early in the morning so as to learn more about his schedules. Sayyid continued to go there in the mornings, while I went in the afternoons. Sayyid knew that he left the house in the morning at 0800. But he could not come into the main street directly because there was no opening to it. He had to leave from the back, turn around and enter al-Jizah. He rode in a white Peugeot. That was all the information we could collect about him, and we reported it to Muhammad Mustafa. [Question] How many times did you watch him? [Answer] Every day, but we never stayed there all day. If we did not happen to see him, we would continue to walk. But the watch went on daily for more than 10 days. [Question] What means did you use to watch him? [Answer] We went in person and saw with our own eyes. [Question] Were there any reasons why you should have been in the surveillance area? [Answer] There was a real estate agent in the area whose name I do not recall. I used to go and sit next to him to ask about the price of apartments and shops. He wore glasses, a gilbab, and a turban and was over 50 years old. There was one person selling Pepsi at the street corner. I and Sayyid used to buy Pepsi from him. There was a wall there on which we sat to drink the Pepsi. That was on the other side of al-Haram Street just before the building where Maj. Gen. Ra'uf Khayrat lived. We did so so as not to arouse suspicion.