FILE ID:97063005.ECO

(Export controls extended to Russian, Chinese labs)  (370)
By Bruce Odessey
USIA Staff Writer

Washington -- The U.S. Department of Commerce has listed research
facilities in Russia, China, India, Pakistan and Israel as engaging in
weapons proliferation and has required U.S. companies to inquire about
whether to submit license applications for all exports to these

These additions to what Commerce calls the Entity List were published
June 30 in two Federal Register notices.

The list includes Chelyabinsk-70, the Russian nuclear weapons lab that
earlier this year boasted about its import of a U.S.-made
supercomputer, thus setting off a U.S. criminal investigation and
attempts in Congress to reverse Clinton administration decisions that
relaxed computer export controls.

Besides Chelyabinsk-70, which is formally called the All-Russian
Scientific Research Institute of Technical Physics, the Federal
Register also lists the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of
Experimental Physics (Arzamas-16) "and any other entities, institutes
or centers associated with the Ministry for Atomic Power of Russia
located in either Snezhinsk or Kremlev, Russia."

Destinations in China listed include the Institute of Applied Physics
and Computational Mathematics in Beijing, the High Power Laser
Laboratory in Shanghai and a number of laboratories associated with
the Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics in and near Mianyang,
Sichuan province.

Also listed were the following destinations:

-- In India, Bhaba Atomic Research Center, Trombay; Indira Gandhi
Center for Atomic Research, Khalpakham; Indian Rare Earths, Limited.

-- In Pakistan, Khan Research Laboratory, Kahuta; Pakistan Institute
for Nuclear Science and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, including
New Labs Rawalpindi; National Development Centre.

-- In Israel, Nuclear Research Center at Negev, Dimona.

Before June 30 only two destinations were on the Commerce Department's
Entity List: Bharat Electronics Limited of India, listed in May; and
Ben-Gurion University of Israel, listed in February.

Commerce Department officials say they expect more additions to the
list over time. The list has become public only after years of Clinton
administration inter-agency wrangling, which included reluctance at
the State Department to damage relations with the foreign governments
involved and reluctance among U.S. intelligence agencies to compromise
their sources.