ACCESSION NUMBER:292366 FILE ID:AEF404 DATE:07/01/93 TITLE:CLINTON'S NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER TALKS ON IRAQ, U.N. (07/01/93) TEXT:*93070104.AEF SUB:U.N. CO:WNET:LAKE/IRAQ/UNI-VS. MULTILATERAL,#CC(FR),JS,HRs *AEF404 07/01/93 * CLINTON'S NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER TALKS ON IRAQ, U.N. (FR) (U.S. acted unilaterally pursuant to U.N.) (600) By Charles W. Corey USIA Staff Writer WASHINGTON -- While the United States, like any other sovereign nation, reserves its right to act in its unilateral self-interest, it "prefers to act" in concert with other international partners, President Clinton's national security adviser told an African television audience June 30. Anthony Lake made that point in comments to African reporters in Dakar and Harare on a Worldnet "Dialogue" program, broadcast from Washington by the United States Information Agency. Lake cited the U.S. missile attack on Iraq's intelligence headquarters in Baghdad June 26 as an example of when unilateral action was warranted. "When there are attacks on Americans -- and the plot to attack President Bush in Kuwait was such an attack -- then the United States will respond unilaterally." Referring to that attack, he further explained, "The United States very carefully said that it was acting pursuant to Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, because we believe in international law." Article 51 reads, "Nothing in the present charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense if an armed attack occurs against a member of the United Nations...." While unilateral action was taken in this case, Lake noted that in other 1ypes of situations, multilateral action would be preferable. "The fact is," he explained, that "in this extraordinary new world -- the greatest opportunities for our diplomacy involve multilateral action, and many American interests are synonymous with the interests of many African nations and many other nations around the world. "That is why we are seeing an extraordinary increase now in the importance of the United Nations and in the importance specifically of United Nations peace-keeping operations, which we are now supporting. "In short, the United States must and will act unilaterally when it must," he stressed, "but we are more and more interested in acting multilaterally and in leading multilateral efforts to resolve our international problems." Like the United States, he said, "an extraordinary number of African nations are also participating in international peace-keeping operations -- not just in Africa but far beyond" that continent. Citing an example, he said: "There are troops from Namibia...halfway around the world in Cambodia -- where those troops are supporting democracy in Cambodia, just as the United Nations helped bring about the birth of democracy in Namibia. It really is one shrinking world." Asked if he sees any conflict between U.S. national interest and that of the United Nations, Lake said: "Since we are a member of the Security Council -- and therefore have an opportunity to help shape its resolutions and ultimately can vote no -- all Security Council resolutions are resolutions that ultimately we have agreed to and believe are in our interest. Again, as I said,...increasingly -- in a smaller and smaller world -- our interests are bound up with the interests of other nations. "Don't misunderstand me," he further stressed, "when I say we will act alone, it is because all nations must act alone when their interests require it. But our preference is to act with others. Asked about conflict resolution and prevention, Lake said: "This is something that we are very interested in, and we hope..., very much, that the OAU can do more in this regard. I think we have been encouraged by the OAU's efforts, for example, in Rwanda, to take more of a leadership role there, and we hope very much that it happens in the future." NNNN .