ACCESSION NUMBER:298263 FILE ID:ECO406 DATE:08/05/93 TITLE:SENATE PANEL PONDERS THREAT OF FOREIGN INDUSTRIAL ESPIONAGE (08/05/93) TEXT:*93080506.ECO ECINTELD COMPETITIVENESS /te SENATE PANEL PONDERS THREAT OF FOREIGN INDUSTRIAL ESPIONAGE (Role of U.S. intelligence agencies explored) (700) By Sam Burks USIA Staff Writer Washington -- Members of an elite Senate committee generally agree that U.S. intelligence agencies have an obligation to spy for their country but not for American business firms. "I think most members would agree with that proposition as far as it goes," Senator Dennis DeConcini said August 5. "Certainly we don't want to cause other countries to retaliate by mounting clandestine operations against U.S. firms. By the same token, there are those, like me, who wonder why our intelligence agencies should be any less reluctant than those of other countries to pass along information that would be useful to their domestic business interests." DeConcini, chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, spoke during that body's first public hearing on issues relating to economic intelligence. 1e noted that the committee has held several closed hearings on this topic over the last three years and has addressed it during recent confirmation hearings. It plans to hear from Clinton administration witnesses -- probably in closed session -- when Congress returns from its August recess, he added. "I think it's fair to say that despite the attention we've given this topic, we have yet to reach a consensus...in terms of what the proper role of the intelligence community should be," DeConcini said. Representatives of the U.S. business community expressed similar concerns in testimony before the committee. "I see no value in the U.S. government engaging in clandestine industrial or economic intelligence activities, although I believe the government well could have a role in protecting American industry from foreign intelligence collection," said Thomas F. Faught, Jr., managing partner of Faught Management, Limited. He formerly headed the National Center for Advanced Technologies and served as assistant secretary of the navy. Faught said he and his associates have nothing but praise for the quality and business acumen of the commercial officers and counselors serving in U.S. embassies abroad and the useful information they provide to the U.S. business community. As an example, he cited a "constructive program" underway at the U.S. embassy in Beijing. Each Thursday, he said, the commercial affairs officer and his staff meet with U.S. businessmen to review and discuss the evolving Chinese business environment and export opportunities that are available. "It would be useful if this practice was extended to other countries," he suggested. Faught said the federal government can best help to improve U.S. global competitiveness by protecting intellectual property rights, simplifying the export licensing program, sustaining export-related financing and enacting legislation to increase research and development, plant modernization and foreign sales. John F. Hayden, vice president of Boeing, a leading U.S. aircraft manufacturer, told the committee that his company can compete successfully abroad as long as the global marketplace is not distorted by anti-competitive factors, such as foreign espionage. "The Boeing Company is not dependent today, nor should we be in the future, on U.S. intelligence community efforts to acquire for us technological marketing or economic information about our competitors," Hayden said. "We must, however, rely on our government to help protect us from foreign spies who wish to 'tilt the tables' in favor of their own national industries by stealing our technology, our processes and materials and our marketing strategies and plans." Dr. Mark M. Lowenthal, senior specialist in U.S. foreign policy at the Congressional Research Service and former deputy assistant secretary of state for intelligence and research, testified that many U.S. business firms may not be making the best use of government-provided data that are already available. Lowenthal also referred to the recent complaint brought by General Motors that a former employee, Jose Ignacio Lopez de Arriortua, took with him industrial secrets when he left to work for Volkswagen. "If, as is alleged, he took proprietary documents with him, what amount of U.S. counterintelligence likely would have prevented this?" he asked. "As we have learned over and over in the intelligence community, no amount of internal security and periodic rechecks can completely or effectively stop 1n employee who wants to deal in secrets." NNNN .