ACCESSION NUMBER:305169 FILE ID:TXT201 DATE:09/28/93 TITLE:NICARAGUA MUST MOVE TOWARD RECONCILIATION (09/28/93) TEXT:*93092801.TXT NICARAGUA MUST MOVE TOWARD RECONCILIATION (VOA Editorial) (310) (Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America September 28, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.) The people of Nicaragua are celebrating the 155th anniversary of their national independence this month. The United States offers the hope that the leaders of the country's political factions mark the occasion by affirming their intention to pursue national reconciliation. The United States recognizes that Nicaragua has undergone a difficult transition since President Violetta Chamorro was elected in 1990. And it 1s clear that significant efforts to promote national reconciliation have been made. Only such reconciliation can end Nicaragua's political violence and polarization and bring about renewed economic growth and development. That is why the United States has encouraged the Nicaraguan government, the National Opposition Union and the Sandinista Front to pursue a dialogue. All political parties in Nicaragua have a legitimate role to play in strengthening the democratic process, as long as the authority of the democratically elected president is accepted. In this regard, the United States commends President Chamorro for her recent move to assert civilian control over the military and intelligence services. Her plan is consistent with her electoral mandate and is essential for the consolidation of constitutional government in Nicaragua. Only when the rule of law and civilian authority over the security forces are established can true national reconciliation take place. The United States calls on the leadership of the security services to assist in carrying out President Chamorro's decisions in an orderly and peaceful manner. When he visited the country in June, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Clifton Wharton made a special appeal to Nicaraguans to join together in an effort to resolve the issues that divide them. As Deputy Secretary of State Wharton said, "The search for a democratic consensus deserves the support of all Nicaraguans of good will." NNNN .