ACCESSION NUMBER:308639 FILE ID:TXT502 DATE:10/22/93 TITLE:WATSON ON NICARAGUA (10/22/93) TEXT:*93102202.TXT WATSON ON NICARAGUA (VOA Editorial) (310) (Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America October 22, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.) A principal goal of U.S. policy in Latin America is to strengthen democratically elected governments and market-oriented economies. In recent testimony before members of the U.S. Congress, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs Alexander Watson said the United States strongly supports efforts to achieve these goals in Nicaragua. Nicaragua currently faces simultaneous political, military and economic crises. The three main political forces in the country -- the government, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, and the National Opposition Union -- have become mutually antagonistic to the point of paralysis. The United States believes that the most important decision the parties can make is to 1ursue a dialogue. Only national reconciliation can end Nicaragua's political violence and polarization and bring about renewed economic growth and development. The consequences of continued inflexibility will be more civil unrest, violence, and economic chaos. President Violeta Chamorro has faced a daunting array of problems since the Nicaraguan people elected her in 1990 -- especially in her efforts to assert civilian control over the military and intelligence services. The United States believes that only when the rule of law and civilian authority over the security forces are established can true national reconciliation take place. The United States has urged the Nicaraguan government to resolve outstanding human rights cases, which would reinforce civilian control over the military. Assistant Secretary of State Watson made it clear that there are limits on what the United States can do to help. While the United States will continue to support the strengthening of democratic institutions in Nicaragua, ultimately only Nicaraguans can solve their country's problems. As Assistant Secretary of State Watson said, Nicaraguans should seek a national accord through dialogue and compromise. NNNN .