ACCESSION NUMBER:310941 FILE ID:LEF415 DATE:11/04/93 TITLE:ANTIDRUG EFFORTS INTRINSIC PART OF U.S. FOREIGN POLICY (11/04/93) TEXT:*93110415.LEF *LEF415 11/04/93 ANTIDRUG EFFORTS INTRINSIC PART OF U.S. FOREIGN POLICY (Corrected version of Lef412 of 11/04/93) (660) (With Lsi411 of 11/04/93) By Norma Romano-Benner USIA Staff Writer NOTE: The following corrects Lef412 of 11/04/93, adding Lee Brown's title in the fourth graf. The Spanish version (Lsi411 of 11/04/93) is correct. WASHINGTON -- President Clinton has outlined his administration's international counternarcotics efforts in a classified policy document that emphasizes U.S. assistance to drug-producing countries. The Presidential Decision Directive for International Counternarcotics, which Clinton signed Nov. 3, calls the operation of international criminal narcotics syndicates "a national security threat requiring an extraordinary and coordinated response by civilian and military agencies, both unilaterally and by mobilizing international cooperation with other nations 1nd international organizations." The directive is the result of an exhaustive eight-month review of U.S. international antidrug policies and strategies. It instructs federal agencies to "change the emphasis in U.S. international drug programs from the past concentration largely on stopping narcotics shipments to a more evenly distributed effort." Shortly after the president signed the directive, White House drug policy director Lee Brown told a House panel the new antidrug policy "will require an extraordinary coordination by civilian and military agencies engaged in national security affairs." Brown said Clinton is "fully committed" to the war on drugs and determined to "concentrate on those programs that work and eliminate those that do not." "Our international strategy will accomplish these objectives," Brown said. "The president has made it clear to me that he wants to support those countries that demonstrate the political will to tackle the drug trafficking problem," he told the House subcommittee on international security, international organizations, and human rights. Brown said the antidrug policy will not focus exclusively on interdiction, because "nearly a decade of experience has taught us that interdiction is not a silver bullet. "It is clear from our review," he said, "that all our international programs -- interdiction, crop control, intelligence, alternative development, judicial reform, and law enforcement -- are interdependent and mutually supportive endeavors that need to be advanced as an entity, rather than a collection of seemingly disparate individual programs." Brown explained that an interim antidrug strategy he presented to Congress Oct. 20 focuses interdiction efforts in drug-producing countries. He said the strategy, the final version of which will be ready by Feb. 1, will de-emphasize law enforcement efforts in transit nations because drug traffickers are constantly changing their smuggling patterns. "Changes in cocaine production have made traffickers and their operations more vulnerable in the source countries," Brown noted, "so we are concentrating our resources there." He said he anticipates that reduced U.S. efforts in the transit regions "will help finance expanded efforts in the source countries." Brown noted that the Defense Department announced Oct. 28 it will redirect its counterdrug program to "emphasize support to nations battling cocaine cultivation and processing while shifting away from transit zone interdiction." He said expanded intelligence collection and analysis "will target the cocaine cartels." The Clinton administration, said Brown, views counternarcotics efforts as an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, "and must be pursued with the same long-term, worldwide commitment that the United States devotes to the promotion of democracy and economic advancement." Brown reiterated the U.S. commitment to work closely with the Organization of American States (OAS) and its Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), the United Nations, and other international bodies to fight drugs worldwide. "The strategy," he said, "will give increased emphasis to prodding international financial institutions to revise their policies to reflect 1he threat posed by drugs and expand the pool of resources available to international narcotics control activities." He said U.S. policy will "look at goals such as dismantling major trafficking organizations, strengthening judicial capability, promoting sustained economic growth, and participating in multilateral law enforcement efforts." NNNN .