ACCESSION NUMBER:318058 FILE ID:POL201 DATE:12/21/93 TITLE:CLINTON VOWS JUSTICE FOR PAN AM FLIGHT 103 VICTIMS (12/21/93) TEXT:*93122101.POL CLINTON VOWS JUSTICE FOR PAN AM FLIGHT 103 VICTIMS 1Memorial planned at Arlington National Cemetery) (470) By Alexander M. Sullivan USIA White House Correspondent Washington -- President Clinton vowed December 21 to secure justice for the victims of Pan American Flight 103, murdered by a terrorists' bomb over Scotland five years earlier. The president saw the attack on the aircraft, which killed 259 passengers and crew and 11 citizens of Lockerbie, as an assault on America's "creed of freedom and opportunity" by enemies who understand that those American ideals are "a mortal threat to their illegitimate and repressive authority." Clinton spoke at Arlington National Cemetery, at ground-breaking ceremonies for a cairn of remembrance to be erected with 270 rose-red stones of granite carved from a quarry near Lockerbie. The stones were donated to the families of the bombing victims by the people of Scotland for use in the cairn, the traditional Scottish memorial for the dead. The United States and Great Britain charge that two Libyan intelligence officers were instrumental in placing the bomb aboard the aircraft on December 21, 1988. British and American judicial systems have indicted Abdel Basset Ali Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah in the murders, but Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi has refused attempts to extradite the two. There were citizens of 21 nations aboard the plane; 189 Americans, many of them college students, died in the explosion. Each of the stones in the cairn, Clinton said, "tells the story of a life wrongfully cut short. This memorial will serve as a lasting monument to the innocent who died." The president pledged that the nation "will never stop pursuing justice against those" who caused the bombing. The bombing, he said, "was an attack not only on the individuals from 21 nations who were aboard the aircraft, it was an attack on America." Terrorists recognize that history, in the form of "the rising tide of democracy seen everywhere in the world, is turning against them," Clinton declared. "...These outlaws seek to legitimize their voice through violence, to advance their agenda through threats, to cripple our daily lives through fear." Clinton said he is "determined to see that those who murdered those who were aboard Pan Am 103 are brought to justice." The suffering of the families, he said, is "why we have demanded the surrender of the two Libyans indicted for this vicious offense, why we have pushed for and secured tougher international sanctions against Libya, and why we will not rest until the case is closed." In a proclamation designating December 21 as a Day of Remembrance, Clinton said his administration "is closely monitoring the terrorist threat," explaining that "we must remain ever vigilant if we are to combat merciless brutality and ensure the security of all of our citizens." NNNN .