ACCESSION NUMBER:272645 1ILE ID:LEF312 DATE:03/17/93 TITLE:U.N. CONDEMNS BOTH SIDES IN SALVADORAN CIVIL WAR (03/17/93) TEXT:*93031712.LDP *LEF312 03/17/93 U.N. CONDEMNS BOTH SIDES IN SALVADORAN CIVIL WAR (Decries brutality of human rights abuses) eg (530) (With Lsi308 and Lsf308 of 03/17/93) By Eric Green USIA Staff Writer WASHINGTON -- The U.N. Truth Commission for El Salvador says the human rights abusers it identified in the country's 12-year civil war should be prohibited from holding any public position for at least 10 years. Testifying before a congressional panel March 16, the commission's three members also said military officials cited in its report, released the day before, should be immediately "removed and prohibited from ever holding any military and security responsibility." As did the report, the commission members told the House subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs that those individuals included former Defense Minister Gen. Rene Emilio Ponce and Vice Defense Minister Gen. Orlando Zepeda, for their roles in ordering the murder of six Jesuit priests, their cook, and her daughter at the University of Central America in November 1989. Ponce resigned as defense minister March 12. The commission also cited commanders of the rebel Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) -- Joaquin Villalobos, Ana Guadalupe Martinez, and Jorge Melendez -- among others, for their role in the killing of at least 11 civilian mayors. The commission said that in examining the "staggering breadth" of the violence in El Salvador, it was moved by the senselessness of the killings and the brutality with which they were committed -- "in other words the madness, or 'locura,' of the war." At the same time, the commission said it was "especially cognizant of the spirit of hope, or 'la esperanza,'" that brought El Salvador's civil war to an end and the signing of a peace accord. "It is the hope in a peaceful future that has led the parties to put down their weapons and to construct a new society based on principles of democracy, respect for basic human rights, and reconciliation," the commission said. Among its recommendations for maintaining El Salvador's fragile national peace, the commission said steps should be taken to ensure civilian control of military promotions, the military budget, and all intelligence services, as well as steps to cut all ties between the military and private armed groups or other paramilitary groups. The commission also said there should be a public listing of all detention centers and all those who are detained in them, and full support for a new civilian national police force. The three members of the Truth Commission were former Colombian President Belisario Betancur, Reinaldo Figueredo, a former foreign minister of Venezuela, and Thomas Buergenthal, a law professor at George Washington University. In his prepared statement before the subcommittee, Schafik Jorge Handal of the FMLN said it would "fully support" the recommendations of the U.N. Truth Commission. The FMLN, he said "will contribute to generate a positive and mature reaction by the entire nation to this difficult but absolutely necessary test for the nascent Salvadoran democracy." 1 Handal said any U.S. military aid to El Salvador "should continue to be contingent upon compliance" with El Salvador's recent signing of peace accords "and the full subordination of the military to civilian authority." NNNN .