ACCESSION NUMBER:278061 FILE ID:TXT401 DATE:04/15/93 TITLE:PROLIFERATION MENACE: IRAN AND NORTH KOREA (04/15/93) TEXT:*93041501.TXT PROLIFERATION MENACE: IRAN AND NORTH KOREA (VOA Editorial) (440) (Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America April 15, 1eflecting the views of the U.S. government.) In a recent speech, President Bill Clinton warned that, "The proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction is a growing menace...to peaceful nations." The magnitude of this menace was made clear by James Woolsey, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, in testimony to members of the U.S. Congress earlier this year. As Woolsey pointed out, "More than 25 countries, many of them hostile to the United States and (its) friends and allies, may have, or may be developing, nuclear and biological and chemical weapons...and the means to deliver them." One of these countries is Iran. As Ambassador Thomas McNamara, U.S. coordinator for counter-terrorism, recently pointed out, "The Iranian regime has practiced state terrorism since it took power in 1979; it is currently the deadliest state sponsor and has achieved a worldwide reach." In addition to its involvement in terrorism, the Iranian regime is a major violator of human rights and has actively opposed efforts to achieve peace in the Middle East. The United States has often expressed serious concern about Iranian efforts to acquire missiles and weapons of mass destruction. Last year, Iran purchased a number of extended-range Scud missiles from North Korea. And now there are reports that Iran is negotiating the purchase of more North Korean missiles. As U.S. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said last week, "North Korea is developing a missile (estimated to have) a range of 1,000 kilometers. (U.S. officials) have made clear to North Korea our opposition to its transfers of missiles and missile-related technology." Boucher also said the United States has urged North Korea to adopt the export guidelines of the Missile Technology Control Regime. In recent years, more than 20 countries have pledged to abide by these guidelines aimed at limiting the spread of ballistic missiles that can be used to deliver nuclear, chemical or biological weapons. But North Korea has still not agreed to adopt the Missile Technology Control Regime guidelines. The United States will continue to work with friends and allies to persuade North Korea to halt missile sales that contribute to the menace of proliferation. In addition, the United States will continue to urge North Korea to uphold the obligations it entered into as a party to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and to honor its commitments under the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency. NNNN .